Chapter 4

Card Set Information

Author:
bwanderoa
ID:
106582
Filename:
Chapter 4
Updated:
2011-10-05 04:48:42
Tags:
Medical Term
Folders:

Description:
Body Structure
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user bwanderoa on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. structural component of the nucleus, composed of nucleic acids and proteins
    chromatin
  2. Threadlike structure within the nucleus composed of a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecule that carries hereditary information encoded in genes
    Chromosome
  3. Jellylike substance found within the cell membrane composed of proteins, salts, water, dissolved gases, and nutrients
    Cytoplasm
  4. Molecule that holds genetic information capable of replication and producing an exact copy whenever the cell divides
    Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
  5. Muscular wall that divides that thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity
    Diaphragm
  6. Sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place in a cell or an organism
    Metabolism
  7. Cellular structure that provides a specialized function, such as the nucleus(reproduction), ribosomes (protein synthesis), Golgi apparatus (removal of material from the cell), and lysosomes (digestion)
    Organelle
  8. Study of nature of diseases, their causes, development, and consequences
    pathology
  9. Rhythmic contraction and relaxation of the walls of a tubular organ to propel the contents onward
    Peristalsis
  10. Cervical
    Neck
  11. Thoracic
    Chest
  12. Lumbar
    Loin
  13. Sacral
    Lower Back
  14. Coccyx
    Tailbone
  15. Dorsal
    Brain, Spinal Cord
  16. Ventral
    Heart, Lungs, associated structures; digestive, excretory, and reproductive organs and structures
  17. RUQ
    Right Upper
  18. LUQ
    Left Upper
  19. RLQ
    Right Lower
  20. LLQ
    Left Lower
  21. Medial
    Pertaining to the midline of the body or structure
  22. Lateral
    Pertaining to a side
  23. Superior
    Toward the head or upper porption of a structure
  24. Inferior
    Away from the head, or toward the tail or lower part of a structure
  25. proximal
    Nearer to the center or to the point of attachment to the body
  26. Distal
    Further from the center or from the point of attachment to the body
  27. Anterior (Ventral)
    Front of the Body
  28. Posterior (dorsal)
    Back of the Body
  29. Prone
    Lying on the abdomen, face down
  30. Supine
    Lying horizontally on the back, face up
  31. Inversion
    Turning inward or inside out
  32. Eversion
    Turning outward
  33. Palmar
    pertaining to the palm of the hand
  34. Plantar
    Pertaining to the sole of the foot
  35. Superficial
    Toward the surface of the body (external)
  36. Deep
    Away from the surface of the body (internal)
  37. cyt/o
    cell
  38. hist/o
    Tissue
  39. kary/o
    nucleus
  40. nucle/o
    nucleus
  41. anter/o
    anterior, front
  42. caud/o
    tail
  43. crani/o
    cranium (skull)
  44. dist/o
    far, farthest
  45. dors/o
    back (of body)
  46. infer/o
    Lower, Below
  47. later/o
    side, to one side
  48. medi/o
    middle
  49. Poster/o
    Back (of body), behind, posterior
  50. proxim/o
    near, nearest
  51. ventr/o
    belly, bellyside
  52. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  53. cervic/o
    neck, cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
  54. ili/o
    ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
  55. inguin/o
    groin
  56. Lumb/o
    Loins (Lower Back)
  57. Pelv/i
    Pelvis
  58. pelv/o
    Pelvis
  59. spin/o
    Spine
  60. thorac/o
    Chest
  61. umbilic/o
    umbilicus, navel
  62. albin/o
    white
  63. leuk/o
    White
  64. chlor/o
    green
  65. chrom/o
    color
  66. cirrh/o
    Yellow
  67. Jaund/o
    Yellow
  68. xanth/o
    Yellow
  69. cyan/o
    Blue
  70. erythr/o
    red
  71. melan/o
    black
  72. poli/o
    gray
  73. acr/o
    extremity
  74. eti/o
    cause
  75. idi/o
    unknown, peculiar
  76. morph/o
    form, shape, structure
  77. path/o
    disease
  78. radi/o
    radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
  79. somat/o
    Body
  80. son/o
    sound
  81. viscer/o
    internal organs
  82. xer/o
    dry
  83. -genesis
    forming, producing, origin
  84. -gnosis
    knowing
  85. -gram
    record, writing
  86. -graph
    instrument for recording
  87. -graphy
    process of recording
  88. -logist
    specialist in the study of
  89. Abnormal fibrous band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated
    adhesion
  90. substance analyzed or tested, generally by means of laboratory methods
    analyte
  91. substance injected into the body, introduced via catheter, or swallowed to facilitate radiographic images of internal structures that otherwise are difficult to visualize on x-ray films
    Contrast Medium
  92. Bursting open of a wound, especially a surgical abdominal wound
    Dehiscence
  93. feverish; pertaining to a fever
    Febrile
  94. Relative constanct or balance in the internal environment of the body, maintained by processes of feedback and adjustment in responce to external or internal changes
    Homeostasis
  95. Diseased; pertaining to a disease
    Morbid
  96. Branch of medicine concerned with the use of radioactive substances for diagnosis, treatment, and research
    Nuclear Medicine
  97. Medical specialty concerned with the use of electromagnatic radiation, ultrasound, and imaging techniques for diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury
    Radiology
  98. Substances that emit radiation spontaneously, also called tracers
    Radionuclides
  99. Radionuclide attached to a protein, sugar or other substances used to visualize an organ or area of the body that will be scanned
    Radiopharmaceutical
  100. Term used to describe a computerized image by modiality (such as CT, MRI, and nuclear imaging) or by structure (such as thyriod and bone)
    Scan
  101. Pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the bloodstream
    Sepsis
  102. Producing or associated with generation of pus
    Suppurative
  103. Visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
    Endoscopy
  104. Visual examination of the organs of the pelvis and abdomen through very small incisions in the abdominal wall
    Laparoscopy
  105. Examination of the lungs, pleura, and pleural space with a scope inserted through a small incision between the ribs
    Thoracoscopy
  106. Common blood test that enumerates red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets; measures hemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying molecule in red blood cells); estimates red cells volume; and and sorts white blood cells into five subtypes with their percentages
    Complete Blood Count (CBC)
  107. Common urine screening test that evaluates the physical, chemical, and microscopic properties of urine
    Urinalysis
  108. Imaging technique achieved by rotating an x-ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measuring the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles; formerly called computerized axial tomography
    Computed Tomography (CT)
  109. Ultrasound technique used to detect and measure blood flow velicity and direction through the cardiac chambers, valves, and peripheral vessels by reflecting sound waves off moving blood cells
    Doppler
  110. Radiographic technique in which x-rays are directed through the body to a fluorescent screen that displays continuous motion images of internal structures
    Fluoroscopy
  111. Noninvasive imaging technique that uses radiowaves and a strong magnetic field rather that an x-ray beam to produce multplanar cross-sectional images
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  112. Diagnostic technique that uses a radioactive material (radiopharmaceutical) called a tracer introduced into the body (inhaled, ingested, or injected) and a specialized camera to produce images of organs and structures
    Nuclear Scan
  113. Scanning technique using computed tomography to record the positrons (positive charged particles) emitted from a radiopharmaceutical, that produces a cross-sectional image of metabolic activity in body tissues to determine the presence of disease
    Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
  114. Imaging technique that uses x-rays passed through the body or area and captured on a film; also called x-ray
    Radiography
  115. Radiological technique that integrates computed tomography (CT) and a radioactive material (tracer) injected into the bloodstream to visualize blood flow to tissues and organs
    Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT)
  116. Radiographic technique that produces an image representing a detailed cross-section, or slice, of an area, tissue, or organ at a predetermined depth
    Tomography
  117. Imaging procedure using high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) that display the reflected "echoes" on a monitor; also called ultrasound, sonography, echo, and echography
    Ultrasonography (US)
  118. Representative tissue sample removed from the body site for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis
    Biopsy
  119. Ultra thin slice of tissue cut from a frozen specimen for immediate pathological examination
    frozen section (FS)
  120. Removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow instument (punch)
    needle
  121. Removal of tissue using surgical blade to shave elevated lesions
    Shave
  122. Removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destructions, electrocautery, freezing, or radio frequency (RF)
    Ablation
  123. Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
    Anastomosis
  124. destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
    Cauterize
  125. Scraping of a body cavity with a spoon-shaped instument called a curette
    Curettage
  126. Incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity
    Incision and drainage (I&D)
  127. Surgical removal of tissue in an extensive area surrounding the surgical site in an attempt to excise all tissue that may be malignant and decrease the chance of recurrence
    Radical Dissection
  128. Partial excision of a bone, organ, or other structure
    Resection
  129. Anterior
    ant
  130. Anteroposterior
    AP
  131. Biopsy
    Bx
  132. Complete Blood Count
    CBC
  133. Computed Tomography
    CT
  134. Deoxyribonucleic Acid
    DNA
  135. Digital Subtraction angiography
    DSA
  136. Diagnosis
    Dx
  137. Frozen Section
    FS
  138. Incision and drainage
    I&D
  139. Lateral
    LAT
  140. Magnatic Resonance Imaging
    MRI
  141. Positron Emission Tomography
    PET
  142. Posterior
    Post
  143. rheumatoid factor; radio frequency
    RF
  144. Sonogram
    Sono
  145. Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography
    SPECT
  146. Symptom
    Sx
  147. Treatment
    Tx
  148. Urinalysis
    UA
  149. Upper and Lower
    U&L, U/L
  150. Ultrasound ultrasonography
    US

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview