Chapter 5

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bwanderoa
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106584
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Chapter 5
Updated:
2011-11-15 23:48:22
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Medical Term
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Integumentary System
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  1. Generic term for an agent (usually a hormone, such as testosterone and androsterone) that stimulates development of male characteristics
    Androgen
  2. Very small duct
    Ductule
  3. State in which the regulatory mechanisms of the body maintain an internal enviroment within tolerable levels, despite changes in the external environment
    homeostasis
  4. Pouch of skin in the male that contains the testicals
    scrotum
  5. Formation of a complex substance by the union of simpler compounds or elements
    Synthesis
  6. to produce by synthesis
    synthesize
  7. adip/o
    fat
  8. lip/o
    fat
  9. steat/o
    fat
  10. cutane/o
    skin
  11. dermat/o
    skin
  12. derm/o
    skin
  13. hidr/o
    sweat
  14. sudor/o
    sweat
  15. ichthy/o
    dry, scaly
  16. kerat/o
    horny tissue; hard; cornea
  17. melan/o
    Black
  18. myc/o
    fungus(plural, fungi)
  19. onych/o
    nail
  20. ungu/o
    nail
  21. pil/o
    hair
  22. trich/o
    hair
  23. scler/o
    hardening; sclera (white of eye)
  24. seb/o
    sebum, sebaceous
  25. squam/o
    scale
  26. xen/o
    foreign, strange
  27. xer/o
    dry
  28. -cyte
    cell
  29. -derma
    skin
  30. -logist
    specialist in the study of
  31. -logy
    study of
  32. -therapy
    treatment
  33. an-
    without, not
  34. dia-
    through, across
  35. epi-
    above, upon
  36. homo-
    same
  37. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  38. sub-
    under, below
  39. Localized collection of pus at the site of an infection
    abscess
  40. inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin with characteristic lesions that include blackheads (comedos), inflammatory papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts; usually associated with seborrhea
    Acne
  41. Partial or complete loss of hair resulting from normal againg, an endocrine disorder, a drug reaction, anticancer medication, or a skin disease; commonly called baldness
    alopecia
  42. Form of intraepidermal carcinoma (squamous cell) characterized by red brown scaly or crusted lesions that resemble a patch of psoriasis or dermatitis; also called Bowen precanerous dermatosis
    Bowen disease
  43. Diffuse (widespread), acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
    Cellulitis
  44. Pigmentary skin discoloration usually occurring in yellowish brown patches or spots
    Chloasma
  45. Typical small skin lesion of acne vulgaris caused by accumulation of keratin, bacteric, and dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin
    Comedo
  46. Infection of the skin caused by fungi
    Dermatomycosis
  47. Skin discoloration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow; commonly called a bruise
    ecchymosis
  48. Chronic skin inflammation characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, scabs, and possibly itching
    eczema
  49. Redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries
    erythema
  50. damaged tissue following a servere burn
    eschar
  51. Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
    impetigo
  52. thickened area of the epidermis or any horny growth on the skin (such as a callus or wart)
    Keratosis
  53. Small brown macules, especially on the face and arms, brought on by sun exposure, usually in a middle-aged or older person
    Lentigo
  54. Unnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin
    Pallor
  55. Infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs, or headgear
    Pediculosis
  56. -osis
    abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
  57. Minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin
    Petechia
  58. Skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure from lying in one position that prevents blood flow to the tissues, usually in bedridden patients; also known as decubitus ulcer
    Pressure ulcer
  59. pruritus
    Intense Itching
  60. Chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery, adherent scales caused by excessive development of the basal layer of the epidermis
    Psoriasis
  61. Any of serveral bleeding disorders characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues, particularly beneath the skin or mucous membranes, producing ecchymoses or petechiae
    Purpura
  62. Contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite, commonly through sexual contact
    Scabies
  63. Fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected; also called ringworm
    Tinea
  64. Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by the eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals or hives
    Urticaria
  65. Epidermal growth caused by a virus; also known as warts. Types include plantar warts, juvenile warts, and veneral warts
    Verruca
  66. Locialized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches
    Vitiligo
  67. Any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer in applied to or injected into the skin to determine the patients sensitivity to it
    Skin Test
  68. Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of extracts of the suspected allergens and observing the skin for a subsequent reaction
    Intradermal
  69. Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by topical application of substance to be tested (such as food, pollen, and animal fur), usually on the forearm, and observing for a subsequent reaction
    Patch
  70. Skin test identifies suspected allergens by placing a small quantity of the suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin
    Scratch (prick)
  71. Representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination
    Biopsy
  72. Removal of a small tissue sample for examination using a hollow needle, usually attached to a syringe
    Needle
  73. Removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow punch
    Punch
  74. Removal of surgical blade is used to remove elevated lesions
    Shave
  75. Ultrathin slice of tissue from a frozen specimen for immediate pathological examination
    Frozen Section (FS)
  76. Chemical removal of the outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses; also called chemabrasion
    Chemical Peel
  77. Removal of necrotized tissue from a wound by surgical excision, enzymes or chemical agents
    Debridement
  78. Rubbing (abrasion) using wire brushes or sandpaper to mechanically scrape away (adrade) the epidermis
    Dermabrasion
  79. Tissue destruction by means of high-frequency electric current; also called electrodesiccation
    Fulguration
  80. Use of subfreezing temperature (commonly liquid nitrogen) to destory or eliminate abnormal tissue, such a tumors, warts, and unwanted, cancerous, or infected tissue
    Cryosurgery
  81. process of cutting through a lesion such as an abscess and draining its contents
    Incision and drainage (I&D)
  82. Surgical procedure to transplant healthy tissue by applying it to an injured site
    Skin Graft
  83. Transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another person; also called homograft
    allograft
  84. Transplantation of healthy tissue from one site to another site in the same individual
    Autograft
  85. Transplatation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern
    Synthetic
  86. Transplantation (dermis only) from a foreign donor (usually a pig) and transferred to a human; also called heterograft
    Xenograft
  87. Basal Cell Carcinoma
    BCC
  88. Cancer; chronological age; cardiac arrest
    CA
  89. centimeter
    cm
  90. decubitus (ulcer)
    decub
  91. dermatology
    derm
  92. intradermal
    ID
  93. impression (synonymous with diagnosis)
    IMP
  94. intravenous
    IV
  95. subcutaneous (injection)
    subcu, Sub-Q, subQ
  96. ointment
    ung
  97. xeroderma pigmentosum
    XP, XDP
  98. Functions of the Skin
    • Protects against injuries
    • Protects against bacterial invasion
    • Regulates body temperature
    • Prevents dehydration
    • Reservoir for food & water
    • Sensor receptor
    • Responsible for synthesis of vitamin D
  99. outer layer, no blood supply, no nerve supply, composed of cells in several strata
    Epidermis
  100. under epidermis, contains subcutaneous tissue (stores fat & regulates temperature, hair follicles, sebaceous glands, and sweat glands)
    Dermis
  101. What are the two glands in the body called?
    sweat glands and sebaceous glands (oil)
  102. Sudoriferous
    Sweat Glands
  103. Where are the sweat glands found?
    Sweat glands found on the palms, soles, forehead, and armpits
  104. What are the functions of the sweat glands?
    cool the body, excrete waste products, moisten surface cells
  105. What is the purpose of the Subaceous glands?
    help to destroy harmful organisms on the skin’s surface and prevent infection
  106. Where are the Subaceous glands located?
    everywhere on the body except soles of feet and palms of hand
  107. The visible part of the hair
    Hair shaft
  108. The part of the hair thats embedded in the dermis
    Hair root
  109. Hair root and coverings is also known as?
    Hair follicle
  110. loop of capillaries and epithelial cells at the bottom of the follicle
    Papilla
  111. What is the function of the nail?
    To protect the tips of finger and toes from injury
  112. crescent-shaped white area near the nail root (new growth occurs)
    Lunula
  113. disease that effects the skin
    Dermatology
  114. a doctor that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin disease.
    Dermatologist
  115. areas of tissue that has been pathologically altered by injury, wound or infection
    Lesion
  116. One major type of flat lesion
    Macule – flat, discolored lesion

    Example – freckle, flat mole
  117. small cracklike sore usually red, dryness, example- athlete’s foot
    Fissure
  118. loss of epidermis and dermis within a distinct border, usually heals, example- pressure sore, basal cell carcinoma
    Ulcer
  119. linear marks, ex-abrasions, trauma, scratches
    Excoriations
  120. Burns
    superficial burns

    Skin damage is limited to the top layers of the epidermis
    1st degree burn
  121. Burns
    formation of fluid-filled blisters

    Epidermis and part of dermis layers
    2nd Degree Burn
  122. Burns
    most serious type, usually results in scars

    Epidermis and Dermis are destroyed
    3rd degree burns
  123. Local destruction of the skin as a result of freezing
    Frostbite
  124. noncancerous growths composed of the same type of cells as the tissue in which they are growing

    (No Cancer)
    Benign
  125. Burns skin away
    Charring
  126. Invade normal tissue and establish additional malignancies in other parts of the body

    (Cancer)
    Malignant
  127. Evaluatoin of the degree of malignancy in a tumor

    (1-4)
    Grade
  128. determines the extent to which a tumor has spread through the body
    (I-IV)
    Staging
  129. T (Tumor) Stand for
    size and extent of the primary tumor
  130. N (Node) Stand for
    number of area lymph nodes involved
  131. M (Metastasis) stand for
    Mentastasis of the primary tumor
  132. Basal Cell Carcinoma
    Common Type of skin cancer caused by the overexposure to sunlight
  133. Tumor of the epidermis
    2 types:
    -in situ (orginal site)
    -invasive (surrounding tissue)
    Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  134. originating in pigment cells in the epidermis and dermis; most severe form of skin cancer
    Malignant Melanoma
  135. Agents the eliminate infection
    Ex: anitbiotics
    Anti-infectives
  136. inhibit allergic rxt of inflamation, redness & itching caused by release of histamines
    Ex: benadryl; claritan
    Anti-histamines
  137. Antipruritis
    Agents that relieve itching
  138. Agents that destroy bacteria
    Ex: peroxide & alcohol
    Antiseptics
  139. agents that destroy and soften the outer layer of skin (sloughed off & shed - remove warts)
    Keratolytics
  140. agents used to destroy insect parasited that infect the skin
    Ex: Kwell, Nix
    Parasiticides

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