Micro T2, L28 CAP.txt

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Author:
kepling
ID:
106612
Filename:
Micro T2, L28 CAP.txt
Updated:
2011-10-05 11:40:38
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Micro T2 L28 CAP
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Micro T2, L28 CAP
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  1. Diff b/t Lobar and Bronchopneumonia?
    • Lobar: entire lung
    • Bronchopneumonia: Bronchioles
  2. What is pneumonia?
    Fluid filled air space so oxygen can't be exchanged
  3. Four CAP bacteria?
    • S. pneumoniae
    • H. influenza
    • K. pneumoniae
    • S. aureus
  4. Of the four bacteria of CAP, which is most common?
    S. pneumoniae
  5. What are the two types of CAP?
    • Typical: bacteria
    • Atypical: zoonotic, non-zoonotic
  6. What is S. pneumoniae sensitive to?
    Optochin
  7. What diseases can occur following dissemination of pneumonia? (BAMP)
    • Bacteremia
    • Arthritis
    • Meningitis
    • Peritonitis
  8. What happens to the capsule of virulent S. pneumoniae after it is on enriched medium?
    Shed
  9. What is the unique effect of Bile on S. pneumoniae?
    The only a-hemolytic bacteria that will be lysed by bile
  10. What rxn is used to observe capsules?
    Quellung rxn
  11. For what age groups do you use the 23-valent and the 7-valent capsular polysaccharide vaccine?
    • 23-valent:>65
    • 7-valent: <6
  12. What does H. influenza require for growth?
    RBC factors
  13. H. influenza is opportunistic or non-opportunistic?
    Opportunistic
  14. Along with culturing, what other test can be used to ID H. influenza?
    LAT (Latex particle agglutination)
  15. Typical treatment for H. influenza?
    B-lactams (Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid)
  16. What populations are often infected w/ K. pneumoniae?
    homeless, diabetic, alcoholics
  17. What are the effects of K. pneumoniae?
    aggressive necrosis, CAVITATION!!
  18. Mortality rate of K. pneumoniae?
    50% no matter treatment

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