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Diff b/t Lobar and Bronchopneumonia?
- Lobar: entire lung
- Bronchopneumonia: Bronchioles
What is pneumonia?
Fluid filled air space so oxygen can't be exchanged
Four CAP bacteria?
- S. pneumoniae
- H. influenza
- K. pneumoniae
- S. aureus
Of the four bacteria of CAP, which is most common?
What are the two types of CAP?
- Typical: bacteria
- Atypical: zoonotic, non-zoonotic
What is S. pneumoniae sensitive to?
What diseases can occur following dissemination of pneumonia? (BAMP)
What happens to the capsule of virulent S. pneumoniae after it is on enriched medium?
What is the unique effect of Bile on S. pneumoniae?
The only a-hemolytic bacteria that will be lysed by bile
What rxn is used to observe capsules?
For what age groups do you use the 23-valent and the 7-valent capsular polysaccharide vaccine?
- 7-valent: <6
What does H. influenza require for growth?
H. influenza is opportunistic or non-opportunistic?
Along with culturing, what other test can be used to ID H. influenza?
LAT (Latex particle agglutination)
Typical treatment for H. influenza?
B-lactams (Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid)
What populations are often infected w/ K. pneumoniae?
homeless, diabetic, alcoholics
What are the effects of K. pneumoniae?
aggressive necrosis, CAVITATION!!
Mortality rate of K. pneumoniae?
50% no matter treatment