Micro T2, L28 CAP.txt

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Micro T2, L28 CAP.txt
2011-10-05 11:40:38
Micro T2 L28 CAP

Micro T2, L28 CAP
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  1. Diff b/t Lobar and Bronchopneumonia?
    • Lobar: entire lung
    • Bronchopneumonia: Bronchioles
  2. What is pneumonia?
    Fluid filled air space so oxygen can't be exchanged
  3. Four CAP bacteria?
    • S. pneumoniae
    • H. influenza
    • K. pneumoniae
    • S. aureus
  4. Of the four bacteria of CAP, which is most common?
    S. pneumoniae
  5. What are the two types of CAP?
    • Typical: bacteria
    • Atypical: zoonotic, non-zoonotic
  6. What is S. pneumoniae sensitive to?
  7. What diseases can occur following dissemination of pneumonia? (BAMP)
    • Bacteremia
    • Arthritis
    • Meningitis
    • Peritonitis
  8. What happens to the capsule of virulent S. pneumoniae after it is on enriched medium?
  9. What is the unique effect of Bile on S. pneumoniae?
    The only a-hemolytic bacteria that will be lysed by bile
  10. What rxn is used to observe capsules?
    Quellung rxn
  11. For what age groups do you use the 23-valent and the 7-valent capsular polysaccharide vaccine?
    • 23-valent:>65
    • 7-valent: <6
  12. What does H. influenza require for growth?
    RBC factors
  13. H. influenza is opportunistic or non-opportunistic?
  14. Along with culturing, what other test can be used to ID H. influenza?
    LAT (Latex particle agglutination)
  15. Typical treatment for H. influenza?
    B-lactams (Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid)
  16. What populations are often infected w/ K. pneumoniae?
    homeless, diabetic, alcoholics
  17. What are the effects of K. pneumoniae?
    aggressive necrosis, CAVITATION!!
  18. Mortality rate of K. pneumoniae?
    50% no matter treatment