Ethical Dilemmas Exam 1

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Ethical Dilemmas Exam 1
2011-10-05 12:16:01
Ethics Ethical Dilemmas

Quiz 1
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  1. State of Nature
    Hobbes claims human nature is dark. People can't be good unless threat of punishment
  2. Social Contract
    The law, contract that ends the "state of nature", limits freedom to achieve peace.
  3. Covenant
    Another word for contract
  4. Altruism
    People are naturally good and seek to do good things
  5. Psychological egoism
    The view that all of our behavior is selfish or self-interested.
  6. Moral Relativism
    Morality is relative to the time and place one is in. "Murder is wrong" is more of an autobiographical statement alike "I don't like chinese food" it doesn't hold as a moral fact or truth.
  7. Moral Absolutes
    Things you absolutely must do or absolutely not do.
  8. William G. Sumner
    "Right" way passed on by our ancestors. "Ancestrial ghost"
  9. Ethnocentrism
    one's own way of life is preferable to all others and should be the basis which other ideas (and cultures) are evaluated.
  10. Moral Realist
    believe "moral facts" exsist.
  11. Determinism
    God guides us or "everything happens for a reason" "Universal Causation"

    "Nature x Nurture" genetics and politcal, economical, social, clamatic, conditions of life shape us in some way.
  12. Fatalism
    Some in explicable, invisible force(s) dictate our inevitable destiny
  13. Compatiblism
    Determinism and free will can co-exist
  14. Simple Compat
    Free choices and determined but not fated
  15. Deep Compat
    "Willing addict"
  16. Rationalist compat
    Real freedom requires doing the right thing for the right reason
  17. Free Will
    Humans are autonomous, self-governing beings who can make choices, decisions, and take some measure of control over their destinies.
  18. Liberatarian Free Will
    God doesn't assign us our characters, nature does not shape us, Genes do not limit us
  19. Existencial LFW
    Satre - determinism a cop-out. We are responsible, not only for our ethical choices but our lives. We were supposed to "invent ourselves"
  20. Retribution
    If people can be held responsible it follows that they can be punished. The threat of punishment to be a powerful motive to do the "right thing".
  21. "Agape"
    Makes us want to make the person better, not make them pay. "Not what they deserve but what they need"
  22. Constrictive Luck
    Nagel - "The kind of person you are...Your inclinations, capacities and temperment"
  23. Moral Luck
    The penalty for murder is far greater than that of intented murder. Retribution is based on moral luck. Even though two people intended physical harm to someone, one person succeeds, the other had better "moral luck".