Card Set Information
What is a fracture?
Happens when bone is not strong enough to support the energy applied to it
How are fractures classified?
Extent of break
Extent of soft tissue damage
Extent of break.
: Breaks accross entire width of bone-2 evident sections
: Break only through section of bone-
in 2 distinct sections
Soft tissue damage.
: skin over break
intact resulting in open wound
: skin intact
: least severe
: open fracture
: damage to skin, muscle, nerve- open fracture > 6-8 cm
: trauma to bone that is weakened by disease
: excessive stress/strain on bone
: pt standing or sitting
: pt supine-elevate extremity to reduce swelling
: pt in supine position
: determine amount of soft tissue damage
: more complex structures-pelvic fx
Acute compartment syndrome
Non surgical interventions
Reduction/immobilization: bandage, splint, cast, traction; NV assessments; monitor for complications, cast care
: open reduction c internal fixation-pins, screws, plates, rods, prosthesis
: fx reduced, pins inserted into small incisions, held together by external frame; monitor for infammation/infection q8-12h
: informed consent, pt understanding
: VS, bowel sounds, TCDB, drainage, DVT/fat embolism, pain control