Phych Ch 17

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leti5637
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Phych Ch 17
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2011-10-05 18:13:57
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Phych 17
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Phych Ch 17
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  1. Social Psychology
    the scientific study of the ways that peoples behavior and mental processes are shaped by the real or imagined presence or others.
  2. PRESENCE OF OTHERS
    sOCIAL fACILITATION
    • refers to the boosting effects of cofactors and audiences on performances.
    • EX: People will try harder when performing in group or in frint of an audience. Occurs when tasks are simple.
  3. presence of others
    Social Inhibition
    • Refers to the sometimes derailing effects of cofactors and audiences on performance.
    • Ex: Increases accuracy and performance on well learned tasks. But decreases on poorly learned tasks.Occurs when tasks are complex.
  4. PRESENCE OF OTHERS
    dEINDIVIDUATION
    • People believe different when in groups. Lose themselve.
    • EX: In a riot people lose themselves and become part ofthe group.
  5. PRESENCE OF OTHERS
    Social Norms
    • implicit or explicit rules for aceptabke behavior and beliefs for certain group such as KKK.
    • EX: Shock experiment women/ disguised as KKK/more shocks than nondisguised women.
  6. PRESENCE OF OTHERS
    Bystander Effect
    People are less likely to help when others are present. Bevause trhey dont feel as if the responsibility is on them and someone ekse wil do something about the problem.
  7. PRESENCE OF OTHERS
    Pluralistic Ignorance
    Trying to maintain their cool in a group. Not wanting to appear scared. EX: Experiment of smoke/ group of action. Single people investigated the cause. Lead individuals to define a situation as nonemergency in groups.
  8. PRESENCE OF OTHERS
    Diffusion of Responsibility
    when each individual knows that others are present, burden of responsability does not fal, solely on him/her thinking. "someone else must have done something about it by now" EX: 2yr old toddler/ kidnapped and murdured/ by 2- 10 yr olds.
  9. COMPLIENCE AND OBEDIENCE
    cOMPLIANCE
    Pure public conformity. EX: 6 people giving the same answer even though its clearly wrong. TEst sub agreeing with them.
  10. COMPLIENCE AND OBEDIENCE
    Informational Social Influences
    Dont know how to behave/ Fancy redtaurant. EX: Look to others for answeres and conform.
  11. COMPLIENCE AND OBEDIENCE
    Normative Social Influence
    Wanting to be acceoted by a social group. EX: We conform to a groups social norms or typical behaviors to become liked or accepted. COPS
  12. COMPLIENCE AND OBEDIENCE
    Minority influence

    • Minoritys can move majoritys toward their point of view if they preset consistent position.
    • EX: Experiment feninist issues discussed participants moved significantly toward in ine w femonine approach than opposed.
  13. COMPLIENCE AND OBEDIENCE
    Internalization
    • Private attitude., Own change of mind.
    • EX: They want you to attain changes even after they are noi longer in the scene.
  14. COMPLIENCE AND OBEDIENCE
    Cognitive Dissonance Theory
    Suggests that when peopes behavior conflicts w their attitude it creates an uncomfortable tesnsiin that movitates them to change their attitudes to be more in line w their actions.
  15. COMPLIENCE AND OBEDIENCE
    Overjustification Effect
    Dojng someting for a reward. And stopping onve the reward has been cut off even thought they initially liked it/ the reward was greated. EX: Kids reading for pizza/piza stops/ reading stops.
  16. COMPLIENCE AND OBEDIENCE
    Group Polarization
    Group discussions leads to decisions that are not necessarily riskier but are more extreme than the individual decision. EX: Often occurs in juries, especially when they are recquired to reach a unanimous decision.
  17. COMPLIENCE AND OBEDIENCE
    Group Think
    Members of a group are led to suppress their own dissent in the interest of group consensus.

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