Psych third exam

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bry2011
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106709
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Psych third exam
Updated:
2011-10-06 23:20:37
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study guide
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Chapter 7 and 8
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  1. What is Semantic memory?
    General knowledge, as opposed to episodic memory.
  2. What is Episodic memory?
    Memories of events experienced by a person.
  3. What is Procedural memory?
    Is memory for how to do things.
  4. What is Encoding?
    Modifing information so that it can be placed in memory.
  5. What is Rehearsal?
    Is the role of repeptition in the retention of memories.
  6. What is Serial position effect?
    The tendency to recall more accuratley the first and last items in a series.
  7. What is Primacy effect?
    Is a subject recalling primary information presented better than information presented later on.
  8. What is Recency effect?
    The phenomenon that when people are asked to recall in any order the items on a list, those that come at the end of the list are more likely to be recalled than the others.
  9. What is Sensory register?
    A system of memory that holds information breifly, but long enough so that it can be processed further.
  10. What is Short term memory?
    The type of stage of memory that can hold information for up to a minute.
  11. What is Long term memory?
    The type of stage of memory capable of relatively permanent storage.
  12. What is Flashbulb memory?
    • is a detailed and vivid memory that is stored
    • on one occasion and retained for a lifetime.
  13. What is Context dependent memory?
    Information that is better retrieved in the context in which it was encoded, stored, or learned.
  14. What is Recall?
    Retrieval or reconstruction of learned material.
  15. What is Recognition?
    In information processing the easiest memory task, involving identification of objects or events ecountered before.
  16. What is relearning?
    A measure of retention. (Material is usually relearned more quickly than it is learned initially).
  17. What is Proactive interference?
    The interference by old learning with the ability to retrieve material learned recently.
  18. What is Retroactive interference?
    The interference of new learning with the ability to retrieve material learned previously.
  19. What is repression?
    Its Frued's psychodynamic theory of the ejection of anxiety-evoking ideas from conscious awareness.
  20. What is Anterograde amnesia?
    Failure to remember events that occur after physical trauma because of the effect of the trauma.
  21. Retrograde amnesia?
    Failure to remember events that occur proir to physical trauma because of the the effects of the trauma.
  22. What is Childhood amnesia?
    is the common anability of adults to remember the events from the earlierst years of their childhood.
  23. What is Thalamus?
    Either of two masses of gray matter lying between the cerebral hemispheres on either side of the third ventricle, relaying sensory information and acting as a center for pain perception.
  24. What is Hippocampus?
    A structure in the limbic system that plays an important role in the formation of new memories.
  25. What is Adrenaline?
    Adrenaline is a hormone produced by the adrenal gland in the body of many animals.
  26. What is Acetylcholine?
    is a neurotransmitter in both the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS) in many organisms including humans.
  27. What is Serotonin?
    Is a monoamine neurotransmitter.
  28. What is Alzhelmer's desease?
    Its one of the forms of dementia that gradually gets worse over time. It affects memory, thinking, and behavior.
  29. What is Acronyms?
    Abbreviations and meanings.
  30. What is Mnemonic device?
    It is any learning technique that aids memory.
  31. What is Language?
    The communication of information by means of symbols arranged accoeding to rules of grammer.
  32. What is Semanticity?
    The quality of language in which wods are used as symbols for objects, events, or ideas.
  33. What is Infinite creativity?
    The capacity to combine words into orginal sentences.
  34. What is Displacement?
    The quality of language that permits one to communicate information about objects and events in another time and place.
  35. What is Phonomes?
    it basically letters, 3 letters or 3 phonomies. For example: cat, dog, or car.
  36. What is Morphemes?
    The smallest units of meaning.
  37. What is Syntax?
    Rules of grammer.
  38. What is Prelinguistic vocalizations?
    Basically crying or cooing.
  39. What is Crying?
    Is shedding tears as a response to an emotional state in humans.
  40. What is Cooing?
    Is a soft murmuring sound expressing contentment.
  41. What is Babbling?
    To utter a meaningless confusion of words or sounds.
  42. What is Holophrase?
    A single word used to express complex meanings.
  43. What is Telegraphic speech?
    Is the type of speech produced by people who have suffered injury to the part of the brain called Broca’s area.
  44. What is Overextension?
    Is when a child uses a word too broadly. Like if they called all males 'daddy' or all aniamls 'dog'.
  45. What is Overregularization?
    Is forming inflections (e.g., past tense and plurals) to irregular verbs and nouns.
  46. What is Learning theory of language development?
    Is a process starting early in human life, when a child begins to acquire language by learning it as it is spoken and by mimicry.
  47. What is Natavist theory of language development?
    It deals with the biological belief that language is an innate feature of the infant.
  48. What is Language acquisition device?
    Is a postulated "organ" of the brain that is supposed to function as a congenital device for learning symbolic language
  49. What is Sensitive periods?
    Is a term coined to refer to important periods of childhood development.
  50. What is Cognitive thoery of language development?
    Is Brain development and the maturity of language.
  51. What is Chronology of language development?

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