BIOLOGY

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Author:
Toastedbread
ID:
106713
Filename:
BIOLOGY
Updated:
2011-10-05 18:28:47
Tags:
MOLECULES CARBOHYDRATE LIPIDS
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Description:
CHAPTER 3 (ACCORDING TO REVIEW SHEET)
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  1. carbon-based molecules
    COMPOUNDS
  2. comounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
    HYDROCARBONS
  3. different structures; same molecular formula
    ISOMERS
  4. water-loving; soluble in water
    HYDROPHILIC
  5. class of biological molecules that contain large molecules.
    MACROMOLECULES
  6. long molecules consisting of more identical or similar building blocks
    POLYMERS
  7. building blocks of polymers
    MONOMERS
  8. speed up chemical reactions in cells
    ENZYMES
  9. long chains of sugar units
    used as storage molecule and structural compound
    POLYSACCHARIDES
  10. water insoluble compunds that are important in energy storage. ratio >2H: 1O
    LIPIDS
  11. has double bonds, not the maximum amount of hydrogens
    UNSATURATED
  12. maximum hydrogens
    SATURATED
  13. to break with water: the reverse of a
    dehydration reaction. Cells break bonds between monomers by adding water to
    them.
    HYDROLYSIS
  14. a class of molecules ranging from small sugar molecules to large polysaccharides ratio=2H:1O
    CARBOHYDRATE
  15. receive and send out signals, transport proteins, carry oxygen. made from amino acids. C:H:O:N. Their enzymes regulate reactions within cells
    PROTEINS
  16. the building blocks of proteins
    AMINO ACIDS
  17. EXAMPLE: DNA AND RNA
    NUCLEIC ACIDS

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