Unit 8 Lilley 27

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harstanner
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106785
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Unit 8 Lilley 27
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2011-10-13 00:55:28
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Unit Lilley Chapter 27
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Unit 8 Lilley Chapter 27
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  1. the fluid that circulates through the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins, carrying nutriment and oxygen to the body cells.
    Blood
  2. It consists of plasma, it's liquid component, push 3 major solid components: erythrocytes (red blood cells or RBC's), leukocytes (white blood cells or WBC's), and platelets
    blood
  3. Protein substances that increase the colloid onotic pressure
    Colloids
  4. Another name for oncotic pressure. It is a form of osmotic pressure exerted by protein in blood plasma that normally tends to pull water into the circulatory system
    Colloid Oncotic Pressure
  5. Substances in a solution that diffuse through a semi-permeable membrane
    Crystalloids
  6. Excessive loss of water from the body tissues. It is accompanied by an imbalance in the concentrations of essential electrolytes, particularly sodium, potassium and chloride
    Dehydration
  7. the abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial space
    Edema
  8. The clear, cell-free portion of the blood from which fibrinogen has also been separated during the clotting process, as typically carried out with a laboratory sample
    serum
  9. the watery, straw-collered fluid component of lymph and blood in which the leukocytes, erythrocytes, and platelets are suspended
    plasma
  10. The pressure produced by a solution necessary to prevent the osmotic passage of solvent into it when the solution and solvent are separated by a semipermable membrane
    Osmotic Pressure
  11. Having the same concentration of a solute as another solution and hence exerting the same osmotic pressure as that solution, such as an isotonic saline solution that contains an amount of salt equal to that found in the intracellular and extracellular fluid
    Isotonic
  12. The fluid inside blood vessels
    Intravascular fluid (IVF)
  13. The fluid located within cell membranes throughout most of the body. it contains dissolved solutes that are essential to maintaining electrolyte balances and healthy metabolism
    Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
  14. The extracellular fluid that fills in the spaces between most of the cells of the body. Note also; an interstice is defined as a small space within a tissue
    Interstitial Fluid (ISF)
  15. A condition in which there is an inadequate amount of sodium, the major extracellular cation, in the blood stream caused either by inadequate excretion of water of by excessive water intake
    Hypoatremia
  16. A condition in which there is an inadequate amount of sodium, the major intracellular cation, in the bloodstream
    Hypokalemia
  17. An abnormally high sodium concentration in the blood; may be due to defective renal excretion but is more commonly caused by excessive dietary sodium or replacement therapy
    Hypernatremia
  18. An abnormally high potassium concentration in the blood; most often due to defective renal excretion but can also be due to excessive dietary potassium
    Hyperkalemia
  19. The pressure exerted by a liquid
    Hydrostatic pressure (HP)
  20. A difference in the concentration of a substance on two sides of a permeable barrier
    Gradient
  21. Fluid in the body that is outside the blood vessels
    Extravascular Fluid (EVF)
  22. That portion of the body fluid comprising the intestitial fluid and blood plasma
    Extracellular Fluid (ECF)

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