Unit 8 Taylor Chpt 40

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harstanner
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Unit 8 Taylor Chpt 40
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2011-10-13 00:51:18
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Unit Taylor Chapter 40
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Unit 8 Taylor Chapter 40
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  1. substance containing a hydrogen ion that can be liberated or released
    acid
  2. condition characterized by a proportionate excess of hydrogen ions in the extracellular fluid, in which pH falls below 7.35
    acidosis
  3. is the movement of a substance against its concentration gradient (from low to high concentration) and requires energy
    active transport
  4. an antibody that causes a clumping of specific antigens
    agglutinin
  5. condition characterized by a proportionate lack of hydrogen ions in the extracellular fluid concentration, in which the pH exceeds 7.45
    alkalosis
  6. ion that carries a negative electric charge
    anions
  7. immunoglobin produced by the body in response to a specific antigen
    antibody
  8. foreign material capable of inducing a specific immune response
    antigen
  9. occcurs when a patient denotes his or her own blood for a transfusion.
    autologous transfusion
  10. substance that can accept or trap a hydrogen ion; synonym for alkali.
    base
  11. substance that prevents body fluid from becoming overly acid or alkaline
    buffer
  12. ion that carries a positive electric charge
    cation
  13. pressure exerted by plasma proteins on permeable membranes in the body; synonym for oncotic pressure
    colloid osmotic pressure
  14. act of determining the compatibility of two blood specimens
    cross-matching
  15. tendency of solutes to move freeely throughout a solvent from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concerntration until equilibrium is established
    diffusion
  16. accumulation of fluid in extracellular fluid
    edema
  17. substance capable of breaking into ions and developing an electric charge when dissolved in solution
    electrolytes
  18. passage of a fluid through a permeable membrane whose spaces do not allow certain solutes to pass; passage is from an area of higher pressure to one of lower pressure
    filtration
  19. force exerted by a fluid against the container wall
    hydrostatic pressure
  20. excess of calcium in the extracellular fluid
    hypercalcemia
  21. excess of potassium in the extracellular fluid
    hyperkalemia
  22. excess of magnesium in the extracellular fluid
    hypermagnesemia
  23. excess of sodium in the extracellular fluid
    hypernatremia
  24. above-normal serum concentration of inorganic phosphorus
    hyperphophatemia
  25. having a greater concentration than the solution with which it is being compared
    hypertonic
  26. excess of plasma
    hypervolemia
  27. insufficient amount of calcium in the extracellular fluid
    hypocalcemia
  28. insufficient amount of potassium in the extrcellular fluid
    hypokalemia
  29. insufficient amount of magnesium in the extracellular fluid
    hypomagnesemia
  30. insufficent amount of sodium in the extracellular fluid
    hyponatremia
  31. below-normal serum concentration of inorganic phosphorus
    hypophosphatemia
  32. having a lesser concentration than the solution with which it is being compared
    hypotonic
  33. deficiency of blood plasma
    hypovolemia
  34. atom or molecule carrying and electric charge in a solution
    ion
  35. having the same concentration as the solution with which it is being compared
    isotonic
  36. concentration of particles in a solution or a solution's pulling power
    osmolarity
  37. passage of a solvent through a semipermeable membrane from an area of lesser concentration to an area of greater concentration until equilibrium is established
    osmosis
  38. expression of hydrogen ion concentration and resulting acidity of a substance
    pH
  39. substance dissolved in a solution
    solutes
  40. liquid holding a substance in a solution
    solvents
  41. determining a person's blood type
    typing

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