Unit 7 Taylor Chpt 29

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Unit 7 Taylor Chpt 29
2011-10-13 00:52:10
Unit Taylor Chapter 29

Unit 7 Taylor Chapter 29
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  1. process by which drugs are transferred from the site of entry int the body to the bloodstream
  2. undesirable effects other than the intended therapeutic effect of a drug
    adverse drug effect
  3. immune system response that occurs when the body interprets the administered drug as a foreign substance and forms antibodies against the drug
    allergic effect
  4. glass flask containing a single dose of medication for parenteral administration
  5. severe reaction occuring immediately after exposure to a drug; characterized by respiratory distress and vascular collapse
    anaphylactic reaction
  6. severe reaction occuring immediately after exposure to a drug; characterized by respiratory distress and vascular collapse
  7. combined effect of two or more drugs that produces less than the effect of each drug alone
    antagonist effect
  8. condition that occurs when the body annont metabolize a drug before additional doses are administered
    cumulative effect
  9. movement of drugs by the circulatory system to the site of action
  10. tendency of the body to become accustomed to a drug over time; larger doses are required to produce the desired effect
    drug tolerance
  11. removal of a drug from the body
  12. name assigned to by the manufacturer who first develops a drug; it is often derived from the chemical name
    generic name
  13. the amout of time it takes for half a dose of a drug to be eliminated from the body
  14. unusual, unexpected response to a drug that may manifest itself by overresponse, underresponse, or response different from the excepted outcome
    idiosyncratic effect
  15. (1) act of breathing; synonym for inspiration; (2) administration of a drugs in solution via the respiratory tract
  16. injection placed just below the epidermis
    intradermal injection
  17. an injection into deep muscle tissue, usual of the buttock, thigh or upper arm
    intramuscular injection
  18. injection of a solution into the vein
    intravenous route
  19. (1)chemical changes in the body by which energy is provided; (2) breakdown of a drug to an inactive form; also referred to as biotransformation
  20. battery operated pump for intermittent infusion allowing medication mixed in a syringe to be connected to the primary line and delivered by mechanical pressure applied to the syringe plunger
    mini-infusion pump
  21. name by which a drug is identified in official publications
    official name
  22. outside of intestines or alimentary canal; popularly used to refer to injection routes
  23. highest plasma concentration of a drug
    peak level
  24. process by which drugs alter cell physiology and affect the body
  25. movement of drug molecules in the body in relation to the drug's absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion
  26. study of the actions of chemicals on living organsims
  27. dynamic that achieves the desired therapeutic effect of the drug without causing other undesirable effects
  28. intermittent IV administration of medications through a primary IV line, with the additive container positioned higher than the primary IV solution
    piggyback delivery system
  29. latin word meaning, "I shall please"; an inactive substance that gives satisfaction to the person using it
  30. directives commonly written for treatment of symptoms "as needed"
    p.r.n. order
  31. singer order carried out immediately
    stat order
  32. injection into the subcutaneous tissue that lies between the epidermis and the muscle
    subcutaneous injection
  33. combined effect of two or more drugs is greater than the effect of each drug alone
    synergistic effect
  34. known to have potential to cause developmental defects in the embryo or fetus
  35. the concentration of drug in the blood serum that produces the dersired effect without causing toxicity
    therapeutic range
  36. application of a substance directly to a body surface
    topical application
  37. (or toxcities); specific groups of symptoms related to drug herapy that carry risk for permanent damage or death
    toxic effect
  38. drug name selected and trademarked by the company marketing the drug; also called brand name or proprietary name
    trade name
  39. the point when a drug is at its lowest concentration
    trough level
  40. glass bottle with self-sealing stopper through which medication is removed; may be single or multiple dose
  41. intermittent intravenous medication infusion diluted with one small amount of solution
    volume-control administration set
  42. technique used to administer medications intramuscularly that ensure the medication does not leak back along the needle track and into the subcutaneous tissue, reducing pain and discomfort
    Z-track technique