Bib Lit

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audrey_ford
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106960
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Bib Lit
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2011-10-06 23:46:44
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Bib Lit Test
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Test 1
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  1. Hermeneutics
    The science of how to interpret the Bible
  2. Torah
    • Pentateuch/ First 5 books of the Bible. Written by Moses
  3. Pentateuch
    The Torah. The first 5 books of the Bible
  4. Source Criticism/Documentary Hypothesis (JEDP Theory)
    Yahwehist, Elohimist, Priestly, Deuteronomist. The belief that FOUR different groups of people wrote the Pentateuch, Not Moses. The time frame was over 950-550 B.C. and it was written in four stages. This belief would suggest that the Torah was written after the prophets and everything was taken from them to create the earlier books. Wellhausen. Claims that the Pentateuch was written about 1000 years after it really was.
  5. J
    • (Yahweh is the personal name of God used by these authors. God interacting with His people on a personal level… i.e. walking and talking, Siani)
  6. E
    Used Mt. Horab, distant, communicated through dreams, used Elohim, fears God, stresses prophecy
  7. D
    Moralistic, communicates with the whole land of Israel, uses Yahweh, summary
  8. P
    Lists, Elohim and Yahweh, law, impersonal
  9. Septuagint (LXX)
    Greek translation of the Hebrew text. Origina;;y took precedent over the Masorite text until the Dead Sea Scrolls came up. These were dated back to around 300 B.C.
  10. Masoretic Text
    The common Hebrew Bible. The Masorites separted the text and added in spaces and vowels.
  11. Qumran/ Dead Sea Scrolls
    Written around 300 B.C. Matched the Masoretic text better than the Septuagint. Discovered 1946AD.
  12. Antediluvian
    The 6 chapters in Genesis between the Creation of the world and the flood.
  13. Cauisic Law
    If _ then statements. (i.e poses situations and resolutions/ case law)
  14. Apodictic Law
    Rules and guidelines that are permanent prohibitions (direct commands)
  15. Apocrypha Books
    Books that were rejected by the Hebrew and Protistant canons but accepted in the orthodox and catholic bibles.
  16. Yahweh
    Personal name of God
  17. Elohim
    The God
  18. Canon
    Old testament canon = 100 A.D. They cononized the O.T. to protect against random unauthorized sects of Judaism being formed. (i.e. Christianity)
  19. Protoevangelium
    • Genesis 3:15
    • The serpant biting the heal of the man and the man striking his head. This passage is well known as the first mention of the gospel defeating evil.
  20. Unilateral Covenant
    • Unconditional and Onve-sided.
    • Example: Noah and Abraham
  21. Bilateral Covenant
    • An agreement of between two or more parties.
    • Examples: Marriage and Mosaic
    • One person breaks their side and the whole covenant is void.
  22. Sabbath
    • The 7th day on which is set apart for rest and family.
    • Many holidays were planned timing wise on the Sabbath
    • Completely unique to Israel
    • Only festival mentioned in the 10 commandments
    • est. a precedent for celebrating other holidays
    • Everyone can participate in it
  23. Feast of Weeks
    Offering of the first of your harvest. It can be celebrated on different days, but it is 7 weeks after the Sabbath. Like the Pentacost. Not a pilgrimage festival b/c it is dangerous to leave the crops to insects and weather at this time.
  24. Day of Atonment
    • Yom Kippor
    • Bull sacrificed and blood applied to Holy of Holies. Goat takes all of the town's sins apon his head and is sent out to the wilderness. Not a good day. The people fast all day. People are hopeful that yahweh will accept their sacrifice, because there is not one recorded time where He killed the high priest and did not accept the sacrifice.
  25. Rosh Hashannah
    • The Festival of Trumpets/ the New Year/ The preparation for Yom Kippor
    • Consecrating and cleansing.
  26. The Feast of the Tabernacles (Booths, Sukkot)
    Pilgrimage to Jeruselum. Celebrates autum harvest. They erect tents/booths in Jeruselum and remember their time of wandering where they lived out of tents. Sukkot- First city the Israelites were i after the Exodus. This holiday is referenced in the return of the Masiah in Revelation.
  27. Polemic With Example
    A truth that challenges and corrects the theology of pagan practices. (i.e. the challenge of the plagues to the Egyptian gods, the flood story vs. Gilgamesh)
  28. Enuma Elish
    Mythological story of the origins of the world and creation
  29. Gilgamesh Epic
    Ancient story about the flood. The flood story in the scriptures is a polemic to this story. Main difference was the reason why the flood happened. In Gilgamesh it was because humans were having too many kids and they were being so noisy that the gods could not sleep.
  30. Inerrancy of Scripture/ Infallibility of Scripture
    We cannot say that everything in the Bible is true, because the Bible talks about ppl lying.We do not say that the Bible is not without mistakes, because scribes are not perfect and there are some words that are different. However everything that the Bible says is true is true and the Sripture does not contradict itself.
  31. Creation ex nihilo
    Creation out of nothing
  32. Pantheon
    Multiple gods
  33. Theophany
    Physical manifestation of God in order to communicate with His people ( i.e. Mt. Siani, or the book of Revelation)
  34. Epiphany
    Physical manifestation of God in which He intervenes to SAVE His people. (i.e. the Red Sea)
  35. Tent of Meeting/ Tabernacle
    A portable holy place that contains the holy place, the Holy of Holies, and the Ark
  36. Hesed
    • Covenant Love/Loyalty
    • Denotes a voluntary willingness. You are not obligated. The children of Israel broke God's bilateral covenant in the Golden calf incident. God did not have to fulfill His side to protect and bless Israel ecause the covenant was null and void after their act. But He did and He demonstrated His Hesed in this act.
  37. Berit
    Contract/ Covenant
  38. The Shema
    This is the Hebrew word to listen/ obey. The Shema Is Deuteronomy 6:4 where it says Yahweh alone. Many Jewish people bind this verse and others to their forhead and arms.
  39. What are the 3 major themes of the book of Genesis?
    Blessing, seed, and land
  40. Where are all three of the themes of Genesis found?
    Genesis 12:1-3
  41. List the effects of Adam and Eve's disobedience in the Garden of Eden.
    • The husband and wife relationship is broken because from now on they will be hidig themselves from each other.
    • Humans take the first step away from God. (Hide themselves)
    • They were kicked out of the garden
    • Serpant: on his belly and enemity b/twn man and serpant.
    • Woman: pain in child bearing desire against husband.
    • Man: cursed ground, to dust you shall return, work the land
  42. What are some of the themes of the book of Exodus?
    Sacred space, God's presence among the people, Daily reliance on God
  43. What is the significance of the Passover? Note the similarities with the sacrifice of Jesus Christ.
    The people had to sacrifice a pure lamb (Christ). The whole lamb has to be consumed. Blood on the door post is similar to a nomadic tradition that keeps evil spirits away. (Polemic) Unleavvened bread represents the harried way that they left Egypt. After this plague Egyptians wanted the Israelites to leave and so when they asked their task master for jewelry that will turn into the Ark they agreed.
  44. Decribe 4 inadequate approaches to the OT.
    • Typeology: The Old Testement only has significance in the new testement and everything in the old represents or is a type of something in the new.
    • Marcion: part of the early church. thought that we should a) take out everything to do with Judaism from the Bible because it was no longer relevant and that the mean/cold God of the OT was not the same God as the NT
    • The church can pick and choose what is relavant and what is not or what is authoritative and what it not
    • The OT has to be validated by the new
  45. Circumcision
    A sign of God's covenant. Used secularly to enhance fertility before marriage. Polemic. Circumcise the heart.
  46. Distancing of God
    In Gensis God walked and talked with God. Humans had direct and personal access to the Creator. When Adam and Eve disobeyed they initiated a rift between them and God. From then on God talked through angels visions or the angel of the Lord. In Mosaic times many representation of God that were with the people all of the time. (i.e. pillar of cloud and fire and even in Godd's visible presence the Israelites still doubted Him) The ppl were nomads b/c God wanted them to rely on Him. He attempted to instill in them faith and trust (mana) people complained about God giving them mana. Reason (Quail rotted and ppl got sick) The Ark of the Covenant = physical rep of God. In Exodus ppl afraid to hear the vaoice of God. The ppl take another step away and mediators are introduces. God never speaks to the ppl again. Layers in the tabernacle. Moses = prophet and prophesied Israel's disobedience. Deut. 32 God says that He will hide His face from His ppl. Last time that God revealed Himself to someone was Samuel and appears is Solomon. Last pillar of cloud... when it leaves the temple.Last miricale the divine fire for Elijah.
  47. Unleavened Bread
    Harried way they left Egypt and rememberance of mana in the dessert.
  48. What was the purpose of the 10 plagues in Exodus?
    They were Polemics. Each plague attaked a specific group of Egyptian gods.
  49. List the 10 commandment and if they are relavent today.
    • 1. Have no other gods before God.
    • 2. Do not worship/make idols.
    • 3. Do not take the Lord's name in vain.
    • 4. Keep the Sabbath.
    • 5. Honor your mother and Father.
    • 6. Do not murder.
    • 7. Do not steal.
    • 8. Do not commit adutery.
    • 9. Do not bear false witness against your neighbor.
    • 10. Do not envy.
  50. Purpose and function of the Torah
    They are there to give an ideal. Perfection is not expectedbecause otherwise the laws of repentence and forgiveness sacrifices would be null and void. How to learn and sustain a relatonship with God. This was totally unique to Judaism. Guidelines instructions teachings. Progressive salvation. They are venerated as goals.
  51. Genesis 1-3
    The Creation, Making of man and Woman, The fall
  52. Genesis 6-9
    Corruption on the earth, the flood, the flood subsides, unilateral rainbow covenant made
  53. Genesis 12-17
    Call of Abram, Abram and Sarai in Egypt, Abram and Lot separate, Abram rescues lot, Abram blessed by Melchizedek, God's covenant with Abram (unilateral), Hagar and Ishmael, Circumcision, Isaac's birth prophesied, Abraham intercedes for Sodom, Abram to Abraham, God rescues Lot, detroies Sodom, turns Lot's wife into a pillar of salt, and Lot's daughter lie with him
  54. Genesis 22
    The sacrifice of Isaac, ram provided
  55. Genesis 27
    Isaac acidentally blessed Jaco instead of Esau
  56. Genesis 32
    Jacob fears Esau, and wrestles with God
  57. Genesis 34
    The Defiling of Dinah
  58. Genesis 37
    Joseph's dreams and Joseph sold by his brothers
  59. Genesis 42-48
    Joseph's bros go to Egypt, go home, go back to Egypt, Joseph tests his bros, Joseph provides for his bros, Joseph brings his fam to Egypt, Jacob and Joseph are reunited, Jacob's fam resides in Goshen, the 66 of Israel taken into slavery, Jacob blesses Ephraim and Manasseh (Joseph's sons)
  60. Exodus 3
    Burning Bush
  61. Exodus 6-9
    God promises deliverance, Moses and Aaron before Pharoah, 1-7th plague
  62. Exodus 12
    The first Passover, the 10th plague (death of firstborn), The exodus (leaving of Egypt) Institution of passover
  63. Exodus 15
    Song of Moses, and bitter water made sweet
  64. Exodus 19
    Israel at Mt. Siani, Moses went up to God, Cloud descended on Siani, Sacred space
  65. Exodus 20-23
    The 10 Commandments, Laws about altars, slaves, restitution, Social Justice, Sabbath and festivals, Conquest of Cannan Promised
  66. Exodus 32
    The golden calf
  67. Leviticus 1-3
    Laws for burnt offerings, Laws for grain offerings, laws for peace offereings
  68. Leviticus 16
    The Day of Attonment/ Yom Kippur
  69. Numbers 22-23
    Balak summons Balaam, Balaam's donkey and the angel, Ballams first 2 meant to be curses turned to blessings.
  70. *Deuteronomy 1
    The command to leave Horeb, leaders appointed, Israel's refusal to enter the land, penalty for Israel's rebellion
  71. Deuteronomy 4
    Moses commands obedience, Idolotry forbidden, The Lord God is alone, Cities of refuge, Intro to the Law
  72. Deuteronomy 6
    The greatest commandment
  73. Deuteronomy 8
    Remember the Lord your God
  74. Deuteronomy 12-24
    The Lord's chosen place of worship, warning against idolotry, clean and unclean food, tithes, The sabbatical year (the end of every 7 years), Passover, The feast of weeks, the feast of booths, justice, Forbidden forms of worship, Legal decisions by priests and judges, Laws concerning Israel's kings, Provision for prists and Levites, abominable practices, a new prophet like moses, laws concerning cities of refuge, property boundaries, Laws concerning witnesses, laws concerning Warfare, atonement for unsolved murders, marrying female captives, inheritance rights for firstborns, a rebellious son, a man hanged on a tree is cursed, various laws, laws concerning sexual immorality, those excluded from the assembly, uncleaness in the camp, misc. laws, laws concerning divorice, misc. laws
  75. Deuteronomy 27-28
    The altar on Mt. Ebal, Curses from Mt. Ebal, blessings for obeidience, curses for disobedience
  76. Deuteronomy 32
    The song of Moses prophesying Israel's disobedience, Moses's death fortold
  77. Deuteronomy 33
    Moses' final blessing on Israel, the death of Moses

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