Lymphatic system

Card Set Information

Author:
cstephens
ID:
106975
Filename:
Lymphatic system
Updated:
2011-10-06 19:23:50
Tags:
lymphatic system medical terminology
Folders:

Description:
medical terminology
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user cstephens on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. clear, watery fluid (like plasma) that travels through a network of nodes and channels
    lymph
  2. system that collects and drains lymph from different areas of the body and carries it through the lymphatic channels back to the venous system
    lymphatic system
  3. The system in which lymph is placed and mixed with venous blood, to be recirculating
    venous system
  4. these are found close to and parallel to veins that carry blood to the heart
    lymph capillaries
  5. the ends of the lymph capillaries meet to form what?
    larger lymph vessels
  6. the right chest and the right arm meet the right lymphatic duct, which drains into the right
    subclavian vein
  7. the lymphatic vessels from all other parts of the body come together at the thoracic duct which drains into the
    subclavien vein
  8. a receptacle for the lymph before the lymph passes into the thoracic duct
    cisterna chyli
  9. the fat from the intestines travels through the lymphatic system and enters the bloodstream by this mechanism
    cisterna chyli
  10. little bodies present in the lymph channels that filter lymph before it enters the bloodstream
    lymph nodes
  11. spleen, tonsilsm adenoidsm and thymus gland
    organs that are related to the lymphatic system
  12. system includes cells located in many sysytems tht have the immune and lymph system functions these functions include defense against infection
    reticulendothelial system
  13. lymph tissue within the intestine
    peyer's patches
  14. soft, very vascular, oval organ located between the stomach and diaphragm in the left hypochondriac region of the body
    spleen
  15. blood channels inside the spleen
    sinusoids
  16. -release of hemoglobin from the destruction of old red blood cells
    -storeage of blood for release when it is needed by the body
    -filtration of destruction microorganisms by phagocytes
    -production of red blood cells prior to bbirth, and after birth only when sever hemolytic anemias are present
    functions of the spleen
  17. organs that are really a coolection of lymphoid tissue located in the oral cavity at the fauces.
    tonsils and adenoids
  18. collection of lymphoid tissue
    tonsil
  19. located in the pharynx and also known as the adenoid
    pharyngeal tonsil
  20. situated close to the roof of the mouth
    palatine tonsil
  21. situated close to the rootof the tongue
    lingual tonsil
  22. mass of tissue that resembles a gland
    adenoid
  23. refers the the enlargement of the pharyngeal tonsils
    adenoids
  24. this organ is near the trachea in the thoracic cavity and like the tonsils, intestine, and skin, is a lymphoepithelial organ that acts in defense of foreign invasion of organisms and antigens from the outside. It is involved in lymphcyte production and is the primary site where Y-lymphcytes differentiate and become viable
    thymus gland
  25. the lymphoepithelial tissue in the small intestine
    Peyer's patches
  26. a group of lymphomas caused by specific cancer cells
    hodgkin's disease or Hodgkin's lymphoma
  27. lymphoma not considered hodgkin's disease also referred to as lymphosarcoma
    non-Hodgkin's disease
  28. condition that is spread from person to person characterized by the development of white blood cells that have one nucleus
    infectious mononucleosis
  29. malignant tumor of the lymph glands
    lymphosarcoma
  30. inflammation of the tonsils (sometimes associated with peritonsillar abcess
    tonsilitis
  31. collection of pus around the tonsil
    peritonsillar abcess
  32. bodys ability to resist organisms or poisons that tend to damage its tissues and organs
    immunity
  33. -depends on the bodys ability to develop circulating antibodies which attack an invading agent
    -circulates antibodies in the fluids of the body; thus the name
    -acts under the influence of tissues that are similat to tissue in birds known as bursa of fabricius.
    -protects the body against some bacteria and some viral infections
    B-Cell Humoral Immunity
  34. tissues that are similar to birds
    bursa of fabricius
  35. depends on the body's ability to develop lymphocytes, which cattack an invading agent to destroy it
    T-Cell Immunity
  36. specialized white blood cells that attack invading agents and destroy them
    lymphocytes
  37. immunity is under the influence of what gland?
    thymus gland
  38. this immunity protects the body against viruses, fungi, some bacteria, and cancers, and it works against organs that have been transplanted
    T-Cell (Cellular) Immunity
  39. resistance to a particulat disease developed by people who have had the disease
    acquired immunity
  40. resistance in which the antibodies that have been produced by a person currently exist
    active immunity
  41. action taken that results in a person's having resistance to a particular disease
    immunization
  42. preperation used to stop or decrease the immmune response that leads to tissue injury or transplant rejection
    immunosuppressent
  43. of resistance a newborn child has received from its mother.
    natural immunity
  44. type of immunity in which a person does not form his own antibodies but rather are given antibodies against a specific disease from other sources
    passive immunity
  45. capable of acquiring a specific disease
    susceptable
  46. preperation intended for active immunilogical prophylazis (dissease prevention)
    vaccine
  47. the bodys response to outside invaders such as dust, dander, rag weed, and seafood "hypersensitive reaction"
    allergy
  48. produced by lyphocytes to act against such things as bacteria , viruses, or other substances considered to be antigens
    antibodies
  49. substance that controls histamine, which is involved in the inflammatory process
    antihistamine
  50. disease in which there is an immune response to substances within the body itself
    autoimmune disease
  51. a condition in which the immune system becomes deficient and the person becomes susceptible to infection
    acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  52. a bacteria, protozoan, or fungus that would not normally cause an illness in a person but takes the opportunity to do so in a person with an immunedeficiency
    oppotunistic infection
  53. a reaction seen as an inflammation of the lining of the nose resulting in fluid draining from the nose (a runny nose)
    allergic rhinitis
  54. acute, allergic response tht occurs in a person who does not have protection from a particular antigen
    anaphylaxis
  55. allergic reaction charcterized by swelling of blood vessls close to the suraface of the skin; often seen on the mouth and lips
    angioedema
  56. allergic reaction to some food causing symptoms that make it intolerable to eat certain foods
    food allergy and intolerance
  57. diseases in which the body sets up a defense mechanism against its own collagen or connective tissue
    autoimmune collagen disorders
  58. -dermatomyosistis
    -periarterias nodosa
    -rheumatoid arthritis
    -scleroderma
    -systemic lupus erythematosus
    autoimmune disorders
  59. disorder in which the body sets up a defense that breaks down blood cells
    hemolytic autoimmune disorders
  60. idiopath thrombocytopenia purpura
    acquired hemolytic anemia
    autoimmune leukemia
    examples of Hemolytic autoimmune disorders
  61. the act of grafting tissue from one person to another of the same species but of a different genotype (the total of hereditary information present in a human being)
    allotransplantation
  62. procedure in which bone marrow is transplanted into a person for the purpose of producing blood cells
    bone marrow transplant
  63. organ to be transferred is taken from a dead person
    cadaver transplant
  64. situation that occurs when the body treats the transplanted tissue or organ as a foreign invader and does not allow it to function
    rejection
  65. procedure in which stemcells are tranferred from one's blood to another's
    stem cell transplant
  66. process in which stem cells are transplanted from one person's blood to another's
    pheresis

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview