Art Chapter 4

Card Set Information

Art Chapter 4
2011-10-06 19:36:39
Art history

Exam 2
Show Answers:

  1. Homer
    A Greek poet who wrote the illiad and the odyssey
  2. Legend of Troy
    He built cities on the remains of others when they'd been destroyed by things like fire in the 13th century BCE.
  3. Heinrich Schliemann
    Archaeologist that researched Homer's Troy, who found a number of fortefied cities built on the remains of one another.
  4. Legend of king Minos
    He had a minotaur in his labrynth at the palace of knossos and he perfected a selection of youths and maidens to be fed to a minotaur (1/2 man and 1/2 bull).
  5. Sir Author Evans
    English Archaeologist who discovered the palace at knossos and named their builders minoans after their king Minos.
  6. Minoans
    Builders of the palace at knossos named after their king.
  7. Linear A and Linear B
    Documents weritten in scripts. Linear B is now read as an early form of greek.
  8. Cycladic
    Art of the cycladic islands (named because they circle delos)
  9. Helladic
    Art of the greek mainland (Hellas in Greek)
  10. Old Palace Period/New Palace Period
    Old P.P. ends around 1700 BCE due to natural disasters like fire/earthquakes. New P.P. (Late minoan period), or the "golden age of crete" was the emergence of the first great western civilization. the rebuilt palaces were large, comfortable, and handsome with residential suites for different occasions.
  11. Fresco secco
    Egyptian technique where pigment is mixed with a binding agent and painted on a DRY plaster.
  12. True Fresco
    Minoan technique where pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the plaster after it dries. Minoans had to execute their work rapidly while the walls were still wet, in contrast to the egyptian technique.
  13. Akritiri
    Place where frescos that decorated the walls of houses were found.
  14. Marine Style
    In minoan pottery, this depicts life in the sea and the creatures that inhabit it.
  15. Faience
    Low-fired glasslike silicate. Statuette properly known as the snake goddess.
  16. Chryselephantine
    gold and ivory sculpture. Young god from palaikastro is an early example.
  17. Cyclopean masonry
    huge roughly cut stone blocks forming the massive fortification walls of tiryns and other mycenean sites.
  18. Corbelled vault
    A vault formed by irregular cyclopean blocks piled in horizontal coursesand then cantilivered inward until the two walls met in a pointed arch.
  19. Megaron
    Reception hall and throne room of the king at tiryns.
  20. Corbelled arch
    courses of stone or brick in which each course projects beyond the one beneath it. Two such walls meeting at the topmost course creates this arch when on top of another structure like the post and lintel.
  21. Relieving triangle
    In mycenean architecture, the triangular opening above the lintel that serves to lighten the weight to be carried by the lintel itself.
  22. Tholos tomb
    A beehive shaped tomb covered by enormous earthen shaped mounds where wealthy myceneans were laid to rest outside the citidel walls.
  23. Dromos
    the passage leading to a tholos tomb.
  24. Tholos
    A series of stone corbeled courses laid on a circular baseto form a lofty dome.
  25. Grave Circle A
    Encloses six deep shafts that had served as tombs for kings and their families.
  26. Repousse
    Technique used for making mycenean masks where the goldsmiths hammered the shape from a single sheet of metal and pushed the features out from behind.
  27. Neillo
    A black metallic alloy that was used to inlay bronze dagger blades found in Grave circle A.