Chapter 5

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Chapter 5
2011-10-11 20:46:16
First Look Communication Theory Em Griffin

Symbolic Interactionism (Mead)
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  1. Symbolic Interaction
    The ongoing use of language and gestures in anticipation of how the other will react; a conversation.
  2. Intrapersonal Communication
  3. Self-fulfilling Prophecy
    • Each of us affects how others view themselves.
    • Our expectations evoke responses that confirm what we originally anticipated, resulting in a self-fulfilling prophecy.
  4. Role of Language
    • langauge is the source of meaning.
    • Symbolic naming is the basis for society--the extent of knowingis dependent on the extent of naming.
    • By talking with others, we ascribe meaning to words and develop a universe of discourse.
    • Our words have default assumptions.
  5. Generalized Others
    • The composite mental image of others in a community, thier expectatons, and possible responses.
    • The tragic potential of symbolic interaction: Negative responses can consequently reduce a person to nothing.
    • The generalized other shapes how we think and interact with the community.
  6. Particularized Others
  7. Minding
    A reflective pause
  8. Looking-Glass self
    • Self cannot be found through introspection, but instead through taking the role of the other and imagining how we look from the other's perspective.
    • This mental image is socially constructed
    • "individuals self-conceptions result from assimilating the judgements of significan others." Mead-Colley hypothesis
    • Self is a function of language. One has to be a member of a community before consciousness of self sets in.
    • The self is always in flux.
    • Self is an ongoing process combining the "I' , what is unpredictable and unorganized about the self; and the "me", the image of self seen through the looking lass of other people's reactions.
    • Once your "I" is known, it becomes your "me."
  9. Blumer Principles of Symbolic Interactionism
    Meaning: The constuction of social reality
    • First Principle: Humans act toward people or things on the basis of the meanings they assign to those people or things.
    • Once people define a situation a real, it's very real in its consequesces.
    • Where a behavioral scientist would see causality as: stimulus-->response, for an iteractionist it would look like: stimulus-->interpretation-->response.
  10. Blumer Principles of Symbolic Interactionism
    Language: The source of meaning.
    • Second Principe: As human beings, we have the ability to name things.
    • Meaning arises out of the social interaction people have with each other.
    • Meaning is not inherent in objects.
    • Meaning is negotioated through the use of language, hence the term symbolic interactionism
    • Symbols, including names, are arbitrary signs.
    • Symbols are stimulus that has learned meaning and value for people.
    • Significan symbols can be nonverbal as well as linguistic.
    • By talking with others, we ascribe meaning to words and develop a universe of discourse.
    • Our words have default assumptions.
    • Symbolic interactionism is the way we learn to interpret the world.
  11. Blumer Principles of Symbolic Interactionism
    Thinking: The process of taking the role of the other.
    • Third Principle: An idividual's interpretation of symbols is modified by his or her own thought process.
    • Symbolic interactionists describe thinking as an inner conversation, or minding.
    • minding is a reflective pause.
    • We naturally talk to ourselves in order to sort out meaning.
    • Whereas animals act instictively and without deliveration, houmans are hardwired for thought.
    • humans require social stimulation and exposure to abstract symbol systems to have conceptual thought.
    • language is the software that activates the mind
    • Humans have the unique capacity to take the role of the other.