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The Roman Empire had been cenetered around the lands of the Mediterranean Sea. The Germanic peoples who defeated the Romans shifted the focus to what part of Europe?
In what present day country did the Gauls live in?
In 481 clovis became the leader of a Germanic group that conquered the Gauis. What was the name of this Germanic tribe or group?
In the late 600s and early 700s what religious group came from the Middle East and Conquered much of Mediterranean Europe?
What group of people came out of Scandinavia and conquered parts of Europe?
Where in North America did this Scandinavian group set up a colony around the year 1000?
Who was the person in charge of setting up the Newfoundland colony?
Who was Charlemagne?
Most famous Middle ages ruler
Was Charlemagne a Christian?
Did Charlemagne have the support of the Pope?
What part of Europe did Charlemagne rule?
What 5 weapons were used in a joust and what happened in a joust?
Two knights would charge each other on horses and try and knock their opponent off with their lance.
What was a knight?
A person mounted on a horse ready for battle.
What is a moat?
A ditch surrounding a castle that is filled with water.
The way somebody should behave.
Explain what chivalry meant to a knight.
They needed to be respectful around a woman.
What was a manor?
Who was the lord of the manor? (What was his role at a manor?
He could make certain rights and privileges.
What was a serf?
A peasant was a person that lived on a manor.
What was a serf's life or what was expected of them?
They had daily work, they were treated as a slave.
What is the spiritual leader of the Roman Catholic Church called?
Explain what the pope's position or standing in the Catholic Church is.
He is the leader of the Catholics
What are sacraments?
seven sacred things to the Catholic Church.
What is a canon law?
A law for the Catholic Church.
What is excommunication?
When someone in a church gets kicked out.
What is a tithe or what does it mean "to Tithe"?
Its a way people think they pay the church for every sin they do and they will be forgiven.
Name the woman that catholics site as an ideal woman, modest and pure in spirit.
Why is Mary important in Christianity?
Because she is Jesus' mother
What is a monk?
A man who gives his life to religious service
What is a monastery?
Building where a monk lived
What is a nun?
a member of a religious group of women
What is a convent?
Where a nun lived
What was the Benedictine rule?
The rules that Saint benedict made for the monks to follow
Give an example of something that a person who followed the Benedictine Rule was expected to take an oath to do.
Make cooking and cleaning become meditating
Who was Frances Assisi (what did he think was important for a people to do)
An Italian Catholic preacher
Live a simple life
People that hate Jews
Give a reason or an example of anti_Semitism.
Because they were blamed for Jesus' death
What was the new material used to make plows?
Because of steal what animals could pull a plow?
horses and donkeys
What was built to harness wind that could be used to power mills that could grind grain.
What effect did improved farming practices have on the population of Europe?
increased the population
Did the increase in trade and in the increased availability of goods lead to towns growing or to towns becoming smaller.
The increase in trading led to the need for money. Define capital (Use the definition that applies to this question)
The amount of money to trade certain things.
What was "usury?"
It was the prctice of charging unreasonable high prices on loans
What was a "guild"?
where apprentices are trained
What was an "apprentice"?
someone that learns a trade while working along side a knowledgable person.
someone that works some someone to learn a job