MIDDLE AGES

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MrsB
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107039
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MIDDLE AGES
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2011-10-06 23:12:45
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MIDDLE AGES
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  1. The Roman Empire had been cenetered around the lands of the Mediterranean Sea. The Germanic peoples who defeated the Romans shifted the focus to what part of Europe?
    North
  2. In what present day country did the Gauls live in?
    France
  3. In 481 clovis became the leader of a Germanic group that conquered the Gauis. What was the name of this Germanic tribe or group?
    Franks
  4. In the late 600s and early 700s what religious group came from the Middle East and Conquered much of Mediterranean Europe?
    Muslims
  5. What group of people came out of Scandinavia and conquered parts of Europe?
    Vikings
  6. Where in North America did this Scandinavian group set up a colony around the year 1000?
    Newfoundland
  7. Who was the person in charge of setting up the Newfoundland colony?
    Leif Erickson
  8. Who was Charlemagne?
    Most famous Middle ages ruler
  9. Was Charlemagne a Christian?
    Yes
  10. Did Charlemagne have the support of the Pope?
    Yes
  11. What part of Europe did Charlemagne rule?
    Western
  12. What 5 weapons were used in a joust and what happened in a joust?
    • lances
    • dagger
    • sword
    • mace
    • gadlings
    • Two knights would charge each other on horses and try and knock their opponent off with their lance.
  13. What was a knight?
    A person mounted on a horse ready for battle.
  14. What is a moat?
    A ditch surrounding a castle that is filled with water.
  15. Define chivalry.
    The way somebody should behave.
  16. Explain what chivalry meant to a knight.
    They needed to be respectful around a woman.
  17. What was a manor?
    Agricultural estate
  18. Who was the lord of the manor? (What was his role at a manor?
    He could make certain rights and privileges.
  19. What was a serf?
    A peasant was a person that lived on a manor.
  20. What was a serf's life or what was expected of them?
    They had daily work, they were treated as a slave.
  21. What is the spiritual leader of the Roman Catholic Church called?
    Pope
  22. Explain what the pope's position or standing in the Catholic Church is.
    He is the leader of the Catholics
  23. Define secular
    a priest
  24. What are sacraments?
    seven sacred things to the Catholic Church.
  25. What is a canon law?
    A law for the Catholic Church.
  26. What is excommunication?
    When someone in a church gets kicked out.
  27. What is a tithe or what does it mean "to Tithe"?
    Its a way people think they pay the church for every sin they do and they will be forgiven.
  28. Name the woman that catholics site as an ideal woman, modest and pure in spirit.
    Mary
  29. Why is Mary important in Christianity?
    Because she is Jesus' mother
  30. What is a monk?
    A man who gives his life to religious service
  31. What is a monastery?
    Building where a monk lived
  32. What is a nun?
    a member of a religious group of women
  33. What is a convent?
    Where a nun lived
  34. What was the Benedictine rule?
    The rules that Saint benedict made for the monks to follow
  35. Give an example of something that a person who followed the Benedictine Rule was expected to take an oath to do.
    Make cooking and cleaning become meditating
  36. Who was Frances Assisi (what did he think was important for a people to do)
    • An Italian Catholic preacher
    • Live a simple life
  37. Define anit-Semitism
    People that hate Jews
  38. Give a reason or an example of anti_Semitism.
    Because they were blamed for Jesus' death
  39. What was the new material used to make plows?
    steal
  40. Because of steal what animals could pull a plow?
    horses and donkeys
  41. What was built to harness wind that could be used to power mills that could grind grain.
    windmills
  42. What effect did improved farming practices have on the population of Europe?
    increased the population
  43. Did the increase in trade and in the increased availability of goods lead to towns growing or to towns becoming smaller.
    growing
  44. The increase in trading led to the need for money. Define capital (Use the definition that applies to this question)
    The amount of money to trade certain things.
  45. What was "usury?"
    It was the prctice of charging unreasonable high prices on loans
  46. What was a "guild"?
    where apprentices are trained
  47. What was an "apprentice"?
    someone that learns a trade while working along side a knowledgable person.

    someone that works some someone to learn a job

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