PHYSPSYCH_Test_2b

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dmk5154
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107088
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PHYSPSYCH_Test_2b
Updated:
2011-10-10 10:47:02
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psu physio psych
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PHYSIO PSYCH test 2- Chapters 6 + 7 crosswords
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  1. Insects can see ______ wavelengths than we can see
    shorter
  2. cooperative movements of the eyes, which esures that the image of an object falls on identical portions of both retinas
    vergence
  3. a genetic defect in ones cones can lead to---
    color blindness
  4. chemicals called ____ in the rods and cones react to light
    photopigments
  5. in the occipitaotemporal cortex; it is activated by human bodies, even stick figures and silhouettes
    EBA extrastriate body area
  6. information from our sense is ________ which means it causes neuronal firings that ultimately reach the brain so the info can be perceived
    transduced
  7. Helen Keller wrote "three days to ____________________________________"
    See
  8. The eyes contain the only exposed parts of the
    CNS
  9. _______ movements are rapid and jerky movements of the eyes eg when we read
    saccadic
  10. radio waves are too ______ for us to see
    Long
  11. Our eyes detect a relatively narrow band of....
    electromagnetic radiation
  12. The visual ____________ cortex is involved in the analysis of visual information (perception)
    association
  13. reptiles can see ___ wavelengths than we can
    longer
  14. The __ cortex contains specialized regions for orientation, movement, spatial frequency, etc.
    extrastriate
  15. The most common colorblindness is
    Red -green
  16. The primary visual cortex V1 is also called
    striate
  17. The inability to distinguish faces; can result from damage to the visual association cortex (FFA)
    prosopagnosia
  18. Cells bring visual information through the optic nerve to the lateral ________ nucleus
    geniculate
  19. Interconnected firing neurons will inhibit neighboring neurons; this is called ________
    lateral inhibition
  20. They are prevalent in the fovea, have good acuity and provide information about color.
    Cones
  21. activated when viewing scenes and backgrounds
    PPA parahippocampal place area
  22. ____- are sensitive to low light and are prevalent in the periphery of the eye
    rods
  23. about 20% of the ______ is directly involved in the analysis of visual information
    cerebral cortex
  24. Cerebral _______ is vision without color
    Cerebral achromotopsia
  25. retinal ________ is a binocular cue to vision
    disparity
  26. in _____ movement, the eye will move to maintain moving objects image of the fovea
    pursuit
  27. a cluster of deficits likely caused by damge to the visual association cortex
    visual agnosia
  28. when stimulated, _______ cells show a rebound effect; this might explain negative afterimages
    ganglion
  29. good taste in japanese; argued to be the 5th taste in humans
    Umami
  30. it is theorized we perceive pitch because different parts of the _____ respond best to differing frequencies of sound
    basilar membrane
  31. It is at the top of the nasal cavity and contains millions of receptor cells
    Olfactory epithelium
  32. provide information about what is happening on the surface of the body and inside it
    somatosenses
  33. Is that Ke$ha or lady gaga? the ______ stream of my auditory cortex can tell me.
    ventral
  34. mixture of sound vibrations
    timbre
  35. these mimic place coding and allow a person to percieve pitches
    cochlear implants
  36. the stimulus for audition is......
    sound
  37. skin sensitivity to _______ and vibrations is triggered by movement
    pressure
  38. participants report painful and burning sensations where the _____ is stimulated
    insula
  39. helps us determine what we can put in our mouths
    gustation
  40. responds to head orientation
    vestibular sacs
  41. information from receptors in the joints, tendons, muscles
    kinesthesia
  42. we would not be able to hear in the absence of
    Air
  43. ______ is good because it warns you that damage is happening to your body
    pain
  44. _________ deafness could be due to loud noise, metabolic issues, disease, toxicity from drugs and hereditary conditions.
    sensorineural
  45. smell is important so that we may identify what is unfit to ...
    eat
  46. when the police tell you to turn down your car stereo they are effectively telling you to decrease the sound's
    amplitude
  47. The _________ pathway extends to the nucleus of the solitary tract in the medulla, then to the thalamus, then to the gustatory cortex.
    gustatory
  48. perceive pain
    nociceptors
  49. ________ differences in sound help us percieve location
    binaural
  50. the ____________ cortex is extensively developed in people who use their skin a lot.
    somatosensory
  51. responsible for the perception of harmony
    inferior frontal cortex
  52. sound information travels from the cochlear nerve to the _________, part of the hindbrain
    medulla
  53. olfactory axons extend directly to the _______; perhaps this is why smells are powerful triggers of emotion
    midbrain
  54. The _________ stream of the auditory cortex tells us where a sound is
    dorsal (think fishy; using dorsal fin to move location "where")
  55. more complex aspects of music are analyzed by the _________ cortex.
    auditory association cortex
  56. different regions of the _______ respond to bad odors and good odors.
    olfactory bulb
  57. vertigo is a false sense of ...
    sickness (motion)
  58. perception of musical beat happens in the ____ auditory cortex
    Right
  59. skin is the largest __ in the body
    organ
  60. studies show the ______ cortex (part of the limbic system) to be activated when subjects hear words that described intense pain
    ACC Anterior cingulate cortex
  61. perceived pitch
    Frequency
  62. conduction deafness usually does not involve the
    CNS
  63. loss of ability to perceive or produce music
    amusia
  64. _____ is a combination of olfaction and gustation
    Flavor
  65. ____ deafness is hearing loss caused by brain lesions
    Central
  66. cannot smell anything
    anosmia
  67. the ___________ reflex maintains a steady retinal image
    vestibulo-ocular
  68. Inner _________ are responsible for normal hearing
    hair cells

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