Basic convictions that a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end-state of existence
Goals that individual would like to achieve during their life time
Preferable ways of behaving
The study of moral values or principles that guide our behavior and inform us whether actions are right or wrong
A national culture attibute that describes the extent to which a society accepts that power in institutions and organizations is distributed equally.
A national culture attribute that describes the degree to which people prefer to act as individuals ranther than as members of groups.
A national culture attribute that describes the extent to which the culture favours traditional masculine work roles of achievement, power, and control. Societal valuews are characterized by assertiveness and materialism
A national culture attribute that sees little differentiation between male and female roles; women are treated as equals of men in all respects
A national culture attribute that describes the extent to which a society feels threatened by uncertain and ambiguos situations and tries to avoid them.
A national culture attribute that emphasizes the future, thrift and persistence
Short term orientation
A national culture attribute that emphasizes the past and present, respect for tradition and fulfillment of social obligations.
positive or negative feelings about objects, people and events
An individual's general attribute towards his or her job
Organizational Citizhenship Behavior (OCB)
Discretionary behavior that is not park of an employee's formal job requirement, but that nevertheless promotes the effective functioning of the organization.
Dissatisfaction expressed by actively attempting to leave the organization
Dissatisfaction expressed by actively can constructively attempting to improve conditions.
Dissatisfaction expressed by passively waiting for conditions to improve
Dissatisfaction expressed by passively aloowing conditions to worsen.
A state in which an employee identifies with a particular organization and its goals, and wishes to maintain membership in the organization
An individual's emotional attachment to, identification with, and involvement with the organization.
The obligation an individual feels to staying with the organization
An individual's calculation to stay with the organization based on the perceived costs of leaving the organization.
An individual's involvement with, satisfaction with and enthusiasm for the work he or she does