Cardiovascular system terms

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Cardiovascular system terms
2011-10-07 17:32:00
Cardiovascular system terms

terms for the cardiovascular system
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  1. aorta
    largest artery in the body, meaning "to arch"
  2. artery
    largest type of blood vessel, carries blood away from the heart to all parts of the body
  3. arteriole
    small artery
  4. atrium, atria
    top chambers of the heart
  5. capillary
    smallest blood vessel, materials pass to and from the bloodstream thru the thin capillary walls
  6. coronary arteries
    sit on top of the aorta, and feeds the heart muscle
  7. diastole
    relaxation phase of the heartbeat, bottom number of blood pressure
  8. endocardium
    inner lining of the heart
  9. mitral valve
    valve between left atrium and left ventricle, prevents back flow of blood in heart
  10. ventricle
    one of the two lower chambers of the heart
  11. vein
    thin walled vessel that carries blood from body tissues and lungs back to the heart
  12. murmur
    abnormal heart sound caused by improper closure of heart valves
  13. myocardium
    muscular, middle layer of the heart
  14. pericardium
    double layered membrane surrounding the heart, lubricated the heart
  15. pulmonary artery
    artery carrying oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs
  16. septum, septa
    separation(wall that separates the chambers of the heart)
  17. sinoatrial node
    pacemaker of the heart
  18. systole
    contraction phase of the heartbeat, top number on blood pressure
  19. venule
    small vein
  20. vena cava
    largest vein in the body
  21. angiogram
    record of the blood vessels
  22. angioplasty
    blood vessel repair
  23. arteriosclorosis
    hardening of the arteries
  24. arteriography
    X-ray of arteries
  25. endartectomy
    removal of plaque from the inner layer of an artery
  26. atheroma
    collection of plaque that protude into the lumen( opening) of an artery
  27. atherosclerosis
    deposits of yellow plaque containing cholestrol and lipids are found within the lining of the artery
  28. atherectomy
    removal of an artery
  29. cardiomyopathy
    disease of the heart muscle
  30. bradycardia
    slow heartbeat
  31. tachycardia
    fast heatbeat
  32. hypercholesterolemia
    increased levels of cholesterol in blood
  33. cyanosis
    blueish decoloration of the skin indicates diminished oxygen content of the blood
  34. cardiomegaly
    enlarged heart
  35. hypoxia
    low level of oxygen in the blood
  36. pericardiocentesis
    uses a needle to remove fluid from the pericardial sac, the tissue that surrounds the heart
  37. phlebotomy
    act of drawing or removing blood from the circulatory system through a cut (incision) or puncture in order to obtain a sample for analysis and diagnosis.
  38. thrombolytic therapy
    drugs to dissolve clots are injected into the bloodstream of patients with coronary thrombosis, example: aspirin
  39. thrombophlebitis
    inflammation of a vein caused by a blood clot
  40. thrombolysis
    breakdown of blood clots
  41. valvuloplasty
    a procedure in which a small balloon is inserted and inflated to stretch and open a narrowed (stenosed) heart valve.
  42. valvotomy
    incision of a valve
  43. venipuncture
    collection of blood from a vein
  44. angiography
    X-ray of blood vessels
  45. Doppler ultrasound
    sound waves measure blood flow within blood vessels
  46. cardioversion
    medical procedure done to restore a normal heart rhythm for people who have certain types of abnormal heartbeats (defibrillation)
  47. CABG
    coronary artery bypass grafting, arteries and veins are anastomosed to coronary arteries to detour around blockages
  48. (ECHO) echocardiography
    a test that uses sound waves to create a moving picture of the heart
  49. PCI
    percutaneous coronary intervention, balloon inserted
  50. Holter monitoring
    an ECG device is worn during a 24 hour period to detect cardiac arrhythmias
  51. AED
    automatic external defibrillator
  52. BP
    blood pressure
  53. MI
    myocardial infarction
  54. SOB
    shortness of breath
  55. arrhythmia
    abnormal heart rhythms
  56. congenital heat disease
    abnormalities in the heart at birth
  57. PDA
    patient ductus ateriosus, passageway between the aorta and pulmonary artery remains open after birth
  58. septal defects
    small holes in the wall between the atria or the ventricles
  59. (CAD) coronary artery disease
    disease of the arteries surrounding the heart
  60. endocarditis
    inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  61. pericarditis
    inflammation of the surrounding layer of the heart
  62. rheumatic heart disease
    heart disease caused by rheumatic fever- strep bacteria
  63. peripheral vascular disease
    blockage of arteries carrying blood to the legs, arms, kidneys, and other organs
  64. varicose veins
    abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occuring in the legs
  65. Raynaud syndrome
    recurrent episodes of bad circulation of extremities
  66. lipid panel
    tests for good and bad cholestrol levels and triglycerides in a blood sample
  67. angina pectoris
    chest pain resulting from myocardial ischemia
  68. ausculation
    listening for sounds in blood vessels or other body structures
  69. claudication
    pain, tension, and weakness in a leg after walking has begun, but absence of pain at rest
  70. embolus/emboli
    dislodged clot that suddenly blocks a blood vessel
  71. infarction
    area of dead tissue
  72. occulsion
    closure of a blood vessel due to blockage
  73. petechia/petechiae
    small, pinpoint hemorrhages