Growth & Dev.txt

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Author:
mgurney
ID:
107155
Filename:
Growth & Dev.txt
Updated:
2011-10-07 19:58:03
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Developmental theorys
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Chapters 2,3,5,6
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    • author "Me"
    • tags "Test #1 - Ch. 2,3,5,6"
    • description ""
    • fileName "Growth & Dev"
    • freezingBlueDBID -1.0
    • Maturation
    • Total process in which skills & potential emerge regardless of practice or training
  1. Continuity Dev Theory
    Aging theory that suggests that aging should be viewed as part of the life cycle, not as a separate terminal stage.
  2. Quantitative growth
    Growth that can be measured in inches/pounds etc
  3. Mores
    Moral issues that are strongly believed by a culture
  4. Norms
    Socially accepted rules & behaviors that guide an individuals behavior & interactions within the culture
  5. Nonverbal communication
    Communicating using body language
  6. Embryo
    Developing organism, called this until end of 8th week. Multicelled fertilized structure implanted in uterus.
  7. Fetus
    Developing organism, called this after 8th week until birth, all essential structures are formed
  8. Neonate
    Newborn infant, up to 28 days
  9. Fontanels
    Soft spots located anterior & posterior on infant skull
  10. Moro reflex
    Sudden movement causes extension & adduction of extremities, disappears by 3-4 months
  11. Tonic neck reflex
    If head of backlying newborn is turned to one side, infant will extend arm & leg on that side
  12. Cephalocaudal
    Directional term that refers to growth & development that begins at the head & progresses down to feet
  13. Proximodistal
    Directional term that refers to growth & development that progresses from the center of the body toward extremities
  14. Gross motor skills
    Movements of the large muscles of the arms & legs
  15. Fine motor skills
    Movements of the hands & fingers
  16. Palmar grasp (pincer grasp)
    Newborn briefly grasps any object placed in hands
  17. Culture
    Refers to all of the learned patterns of behavior passed down through the generations & influences our thinking, decisions & actions.
  18. Values
    Deeply embedded feelings that determine what is considered good or bad, right or wrong.
  19. Beliefs
    Truths held by a cultures people
  20. cultural competence
    Conscious process where health care worker must apply knowledge & skills to enhance interaction with clients
  21. Cultural awareness
    Understanding of culture, race & ethnicity of diverse minority groups
  22. Cultural sensitivity
    Being correct in your language & interaction to avoid offending anyones beliefs or practices
  23. Race
    Group of people who share certain similar physical characteristics including skin color, hair texture and/or body shape/size
  24. Ethnicity
    Stable cultural patterns shared by a group of families with the same historical roots ie. language, diet, customs, music/dance, religious beliefs
  25. Religion
    Specific system of beliefs & worship
  26. Ethnocentric
    Believing that ones cultures, values, & patterns of behavior are superior to those of others
  27. Family
    2 or more people related by blood, marriage or adoption who live together OR 2 or more people who have chosen to live together & share interests, roles & resources
  28. Authoritarian (autocratic) family
    Parents make all decisions
  29. Authoratative (democratic) family
    Offers members choices & encourages participation & individual responsibility
  30. Permissive (laissez-faire) family
    Offers members complete freedom
  31. Growth
    Increase in physical size (quantatative)
  32. Development
    Acquisition of skills & functions (qualitative)
  33. Apgar scale
    • Color
    • Reflex irritability
    • Heart rate
    • Respiratory rate
    • Muscle tone
  34. Babinski reflex
    When newborns sole is stroked, toes hyperextend & fan outward, big toe turns upward
  35. Rooting
    When newborn cheek is stroked, infant turns toward that side & opens mouth
  36. Sucking
    Newborn makes sucking movement when anything touches lips or tongue
  37. Newborn vital signs
    • Axillary temp = 97.7-99.5 F
    • Apical pulse = 120-160
    • BP = 65/40
    • RR = 30-60 breaths/min
  38. Maslows hierarchy of needs
    • Self-actualization (full potential)
    • Esteem (self-worth)
    • Love & belongingness
    • Safety
    • Physiologic (food, O2, h2O)
  39. Freud (Psychosexual development)
    • Oral (birth -18 months)
    • Anal (18 months - 3 years)
    • Phallic (3 - 6 years)
    • Latency (6 - 12 years)
    • Genital (13 - 20 years)
  40. Piaget (Cognitive development)
    • Sensorimotor (birth - 2 years)
    • Preoperational (2 - 6 years)
    • Concrete operations (6 - 12 years)
    • Formal operations (12-15 years & up)
  41. Kohlberg (Moral development)
    • Preconventional (4 - 10 years)
    • Conventional (10-13 into adulthood)
    • Postconventional (adolescence on)
  42. Erikson (Psychosocial development)
    • Trust vs mistrust (birth - 18 months)
    • Autonomy vs shame & doubt (18 months - 3 years)
    • Initiative vs guilt (3 - 6 years)
    • Industry vs inferiority (6 - 12 years)
    • Identity vs role confusion (12 - 20 years)
    • Intimacy vs isolation (20 - 30 years)
    • Generativity vs stagnation (30 - 65 years)
    • Ego integrity vs despair (65 years - death)

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