Pharmacology

Card Set Information

Author:
amgomez
ID:
107187
Filename:
Pharmacology
Updated:
2011-10-08 00:09:22
Tags:
Infection System Drugs
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Description:
Contraindications
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  1. What are some contraindications that would make taking the antimycobacterial drug isoniazid (INH) risky for the patient?
    • History of allergy to isoniazid
    • History of liver damage from isoniazid
    • Severe liver damage from any cause
  2. What are some contraindications that would make taking the monobactam drug aztreonam (Azactam) risky for the patient?
    • Viral infection
    • Lactation
  3. What are some contraindications that would make taking the fluoroquinolone drug ciprofloxacin (Cipro) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to any fluoroquinolone
    • Tendon pain
  4. What are some contraindications that would make taking the antiparasitic drug chloroquine (Aralen) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to drugs related to chloroquine
    • History of visual changes caused by drugs related to chloroquine
    • Porphyria
  5. What are some contraindications that would make taking the macrolide drug erythromycin (E-Mycin) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to erythromycin or other macrolide antibiotic
    • History of prolonged QT on ECG
  6. What are some contraindications that would make taking the azole drug ketoconazole (Nizoral) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to ketoconazole
    • Meningitis caused by fungi
    • Onychomycosis (fungal infection of the nails)
    • Ocular fungal infections
  7. What are some contraindications that would make taking the antiparasitic drug metronidazole (Flagyl) risky for the patient?
    • Active CNS diseases
    • Severe blood disorders
  8. What are some contraindications that would make taking the carbapenem drug imipenem (Primaxin) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to carbapenems
    • Allergy to penicillin
  9. What is a contraindication that would make taking the antiviral drug acyclovir (Zovirax) risky for the patient?
    Allergy to acyclovir or valacyclovir
  10. What are some contraindications that would make taking the cephalosporin drug cephalexin (Keflex) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to cephalosporin antibiotics
    • Viral infections
  11. What are some contraindications that would make taking the penicillin drugs amoxicillin (Amoxil) and amoxicillin and clavulanic acid (Augmentin) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to penicillins
    • Infectious mononucleosis
    • Severe liver disease (amoxicillin and clavulanic acid)
  12. What are some contraindications that would make taking the polyene antibiotic drug amphotericin B (Fungizone) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to amphotericin
    • Lactation
  13. What are some contraindications that would make taking the antimycobacterial drug rifampin (Rifadin) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to rifampin
    • Obstructive gall bladder disease
    • Current meningococcal disease
  14. What are some contraindications that would make taking the sulfonamide drug trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra) risky for the patient?
    • Pregnant and near term, or nursing
    • Allergy to sulfonamides, trimethoprim, cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors (celecoxib [Celebrex])
    • Megaloblastic anemia caused by folic acid deficiency
    • Infant younger than 2 months
    • Pharyngitis caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococci
    • Hyperkalemia
    • Severely impaired urine creatinine clearance
  15. What are some contraindications that would make taking the antibacterial drug tetracycline (Sumycin) risky for the patient?
    • Pregnancy (category D)
    • Child younger than 8
    • Allergy to tetracycline
    • Exposure to ultraviolet light
    • Serious renal or liver failure
  16. What are some contraindications that would make taking the urinary tract antiseptic nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to nitrofurantoin
    • Impaired kidney function (with low urine creatinine clearance levels)
    • History of jaundice caused by gall bladder disease
    • Pregnant woman greater than 38 weeks of gestation
    • Labor or delivery, lactation
    • Infant younger than 1 month
  17. What are some contraindications that would make taking the antibacterial drug vancomycin (Vancocin) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to vancomycin
    • Allergy to corn products
  18. What are some contraindications that would make taking the aminoglycoside drug Gentamicin (Garamycin) risky for the patient?
    • Allergy to any aminoglycoside
    • Pregnancy (category D)
    • Lactation

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