Pharmacology

Card Set Information

Author:
amgomez
ID:
107198
Filename:
Pharmacology
Updated:
2011-10-08 00:42:45
Tags:
Pain Inflammation Drugs Therapeutic Uses
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Description:
Therapeutic Uses
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  1. What are some of the therapeutic uses for the NSAIDs (COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitors) aspirin/acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)?
    • Inflammation suppression
    • Analgesia for mild to moderate pain
    • Fever reduction
    • Dysmenorrhea
    • Inhibition of platelet aggregation (aspirin)
  2. What are some of the therapeutic uses for the opioid antagonist drug naloxone (Narcan)?
    • Reversal of opioid effects, overdose
    • Reversal of neonatal respiratory depression (from maternal analgesia)
  3. What are some of the therapeutic uses for the opioid agonist drugs, morphine and meperidine (Demerol)?
    • Analgesia for moderate to severe pain
    • Preoperative sedation and anxiety reduction
  4. What are some of the therapeutic uses for the glucocorticoid drug prednisone (Deltasone)?
    • Symptomatic relief of pain and inflammation for a wide variety of disorders
    • Management of many skin disorders
    • Delayed progression of some disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis
    • Prevention of organ rejection
    • Adjunctive therapy for some cancers
  5. What is a therapeutic use for the centrally acting nonopioid drug tramadol (Ultram)?
    Moderate to moderately severe pain
  6. What are some of the therapeutic uses for the opioid agonist-antagonist drugs butorphanol (Stadol) and pentazocine (Talwin)?
    • Analgesia for moderate to severe pain
    • Anesthesia adjunct
  7. What are some of the therapeutic uses for the drug acetaminophen (Tylenol)?
    • Analgesia for mild to moderate pain
    • Fever reduction
  8. What is a therapeutic use for the uricosuric drug allopurinol (Zyloprim)?
    Hyperuricemia due to chronic tophaceous gout, cancer chemotherapy, and some blood dyscrasias
  9. What are some of the therapeutic uses for the NSAID (COX-2 inhibitor) celecoxib (Celebrex)?
    • Inflammation suppression
    • Analgesia for mild to moderate pain
    • Fever reduction
    • Dysmenorrhea

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