Pharmacology

Card Set Information

Author:
amgomez
ID:
107201
Filename:
Pharmacology
Updated:
2011-10-08 00:52:49
Tags:
Pain Inflammation Drugs Common Side Effects
Folders:

Description:
Common Side Effects
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user amgomez on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What are some of the side and/or adverse effects of the NSAIDs (COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitors) aspirin/acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)?
    • Gastric upset, heartburn, nausea, gastric ulceration
    • Bleeding (less with non-aspirin NSAIDs)
    • Renal dysfunction
    • Salicylism (aspirin)
    • Reye's syndrome (aspirin)
    • Thromboembolic events (non-aspirin NSAIDs)
  2. What are some of the side and/or adverse effects of the drug acetaminophen (Tylenol)?
    • Liver damage (overdose)
    • Hypertension (with daily use, particularly in women)
  3. What are some of the side and/or adverse effects of the NSAID (COX-2 inhibitor) celecoxib (Celebrex)?
    • Gastric upset, heartburn, nausea, diarrhea, gastric ulceration (possibly less than with COX-1 inhibitors)
    • Renal dysfunction
    • Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events
  4. What are some of the side and/or adverse effects of the centrally acting nonopioid drug tramadol (Ultram)?
    • Sedation, dizziness
    • Headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation
    • Respiratory depression (rare)
    • Seizures (rare)
    • Urinary retention
  5. What are some of the side and/or adverse effects of the glucocorticoid drug prednisone (Deltasone)?
    • Suppression of adrenal function
    • Hyperglycemia
    • Myopathy
    • Peptic ulcer disease, gastrointestinal discomfort
    • Infection
    • Fluid and electrolyte imbalances
    • Fat redistribution (long-term therapy)
    • Bone loss
    • Cataracts (long-term therapy)
  6. What are some of the side and/or adverse effects of the opioid agonist drugs morphine and meperidine (Demerol)?
    • Respiratory depression
    • Sedation, dizziness, lightheadedness, drowsiness
    • Constipation
    • Nausea, vomiting
    • Orthostatic hypotension
    • Urinary retention
    • Cough suppression
    • Potential for abuse along with tolerance and cross tolerance with other opioids
  7. What are some of the side and/or adverse effects of the opioid antagonist drug naloxone (Narcan)?
    • Increased respiratory rate, blood pressure, heart rate
    • Abstinence syndrome (hypertension, vomiting, cramping in an opioid-dependent patient)
  8. What are some of the side and/or adverse effects of the uricosuric drug allopurinol (Zyloprim)?
    • Hypersensitivity syndrome (fever, rash, eosinophilia, liver and kidney dysfunction)
    • Gastrointestinal disturbances (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea)
    • Drowsiness, headache, vertigo
    • Agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia, bone marrow depression
    • Metallic taste in the mouth
    • Cataracts (with drug therapy longer than 3 years)
  9. What are some of the side and/or adverse effects of the opioid agonist-antagonist drugs butorphanol (Stadol) and pentazocine (Talwin)?
    • Respiratory depression (limited)
    • Sedation, dizziness, lightheadedness, drowsiness, headache
    • Nausea
    • Increased cardiac workload
    • Abstinence syndrome (hypertension, vomiting, cramping in an opioid-dependent patient)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview