Pharmacology

Card Set Information

Author:
amgomez
ID:
107206
Filename:
Pharmacology
Updated:
2011-10-08 01:13:12
Tags:
Pain Inflammation Drugs Precautions
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Description:
Precautions
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  1. What factors increase the risk of side and adverse effects and thus warrant precautions for a patient who takes taking the glucocorticoid drug prednisone (Deltasone)?
    • Heart failure
    • Peptic ulcer disease
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Hypertension
    • Renal dysfunction
    • Myasthenia gravis
    • Osteoporosis
  2. What factors increase the risk of side and adverse effects and thus warrant precautions for a patient who takes taking the opioid agonist-antagonist drugs butorphanol (Stadol) and pentazocine (Talwin)?
    • Schedule IV controlled substance
    • History of substance abuse
    • Cardiac insufficiency
    • Reduced respiratory reserve
    • Head injury, increased intracranial pressure
    • Hypertension
    • Hepatic or renal disease
  3. What factors increase the risk of side and adverse effects and thus warrant precautions for a patient who takes taking the NSAIDs (COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitors) aspirin/acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)?
    • Older adult
    • Cigarette smoking
    • Alcoholism
    • Helicobacter pylori infection
    • Heart failure
    • Hypertension
    • Hypovolemia
    • Asthma
    • Chronic urticaria
    • Advanced renal dysfunction
  4. What factors increase the risk of side and adverse effects and thus warrant precautions for a patient who takes taking the NSAID (COX-2 inhibitor) celecoxib (Celebrex)?
    • Alcoholism
    • Heart failure
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Hypertension
    • Asthma
    • History of gastrointestinal bleeding or peptic ulcer disease
    • Cardiovascular disease
    • Mild or moderate liver impairment
    • Renal insufficiency
    • Cerebrovascular accident
  5. What factors increase the risk of side and adverse effects and thus warrant precautions for a patient who takes taking the opioid antagonist drug naloxone (Narcan)?
    • Cardiac irritability
    • Head injury, increased intracranial pressure
    • Brain tumor
    • Seizure disorders
  6. What factors increase the risk of side and adverse effects and thus warrant precautions for a patient who takes taking the opioid agonist drugs morphine and meperidine (Demerol)?
    • Schedule II controlled substance
    • Older adult, infant
    • Reduced respiratory reserve
    • Head injury
    • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Prostatic enlargement
    • Hypotension
    • Hepatic or renal disease
  7. What factors increase the risk of side and adverse effects and thus warrant precautions for a patient who takes taking the uricosuric drug allopurinol (Zyloprim)?
    • Bone marrow depression
    • Liver or renal dysfunction
    • Peptic ulcer disease
    • Lower gastrointestinal tract disease
  8. What factors increase the risk of side and adverse effects and thus warrant precautions for a patient who takes taking the centrally acting nonopioid drug tramadol (Ultram)?
    • Substance abuse history
    • Liver or renal disease
    • Older adult
    • Increased intracranial pressure
  9. What factors increase the risk of side and adverse effects and thus warrant precautions for a patient who takes taking the drug acetaminophen (Tylenol)?
    • Anemia
    • Immunosuppression
    • Hepatic or renal disease

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