Chapter 6

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
107239
Filename:
Chapter 6
Updated:
2011-10-08 05:28:47
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Medical Term
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Description:
Digestive System
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  1. Orange Colored or yellowish pigment in bile
    Bilirubin
  2. Mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed
    Bolus
  3. Denotes a gland that secretes its products through excretory ducts to the surface of an organ or tissue or into a vessel
    Exocrine
  4. Circular band of muscles fibers that constricts a passage or closes a natural opening of the body
    Sphincter
  5. or/o
    Mouth
  6. stomat/o
    Mouth
  7. gloss/o
    tongue
  8. lingu/o
    tongue
  9. bucc/o
    cheek
  10. cheil/o
    lip
  11. labi/o
    lip
  12. dent/o
    teeth
  13. odont/o
    teeth
  14. gingiv/o
    gum(s)
  15. sial/o
    saliva, salivary gland
  16. esophag/o
    esophagus
  17. pharyng/o
    pharynx (throat)
  18. gastr/o
    stomach
  19. pylor/o
    pylorus
  20. duoden/o
    duodenum (first part of the small intestine)
  21. enter/o
    intestine (usually small intestine)
  22. jejun/o
    jejunum (second part of small intestine)
  23. ile/o
    ileum (third part of the intestine)
  24. append/o
    appendix
  25. appendic/o
    appendix
  26. col/o
    colon
  27. colon/o
    colon
  28. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  29. rect/o
    rectum
  30. proct/o
    anus, rectum
  31. an/o
    anus
  32. hepat/o
    liver
  33. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  34. cholangi/o
    bile vessel
  35. chol/e
    bile, gall
  36. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder
  37. choledoch/o
    bile duct
  38. -emesis
    vomit
  39. -iasis
    abnormal condition (produced by somthing specified)
  40. -megaly
    enlargement
  41. -orexia
    appetite
  42. -pepsia
    digestion
  43. -phagia
    swallowing, eating
  44. -prandial
    meal
  45. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  46. dia-
    through, across
  47. peri-
    around
  48. sub-
    under, below
  49. Lack or loss of appetitie, resulting in the inability to eat
    anorexia
  50. inflammation of the appendix usually due to obstruction or infection
    appendicitis
  51. abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
    ascites
  52. Rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine
    borborygmus
  53. physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass; commonly associated with AIDS and cancer
    Cachexia
  54. Scarring and dysfunction of the liver caused by chronic liver disease
    cirrhosis
  55. Spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ especially in the colon, accompanied by pain
    colic
  56. Chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum, but possibly affecting any portion of the intestinal tract; also called regional enteritis
    Crohn disease
  57. Act of swallowing
    deglutiton
  58. Inflammation of the intestine, especially the colon, that may be caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritanits, bacteria, protozoa, or parasites, which results in bloody diarrhea
    Dysentery
  59. Epigastric discomfort felt after eating, also called indigestion
    dyspepsia
  60. Inability or difficulty in swallowing also called aphiagia
    dyshagia
  61. Producing gas from the stomach, usually with a characteristic sound; also called belching
    eructation
  62. fecal concretion
    fecalith
  63. Gas in the GI tract; expelling of air from a bosy orifice, especially the anus
    Flatus

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