BIOL 223 Chapter 6-1

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christophertkennedy
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107343
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BIOL 223 Chapter 6-1
Updated:
2011-10-08 20:00:08
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anatomy physiology skeletal system
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Study Cards for Chapter 6 BIOL 223 CSN
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  1. List the six functions of the skeletal system discussed in class.
    • structural support
    • physical protection
    • movement and leverage
    • mineral storage
    • triglyceride storage
    • production of red blood cells
  2. What is the function of red bone marrow?
    to make blood cells
  3. What is the function of yellow bone marrow?
    to store fat
  4. How many bones comprise the axial skeleton?
    80
  5. The skull, hyoid, thoracic cage, and vertebral column make up the _______ skeleton.
    axial
  6. Axial skeleton refers to the bones:
    surrounding the midline
  7. How many bones comprise the appendicular skeleton?
    126
  8. Appendicular skeleton refers to the bones of:
    the extremeties
  9. The humerous, radius, femur, and tibia are examples of which bone shape?
    long bones
  10. The long bones of the body are primarily the bones of the:
    arms and legs
  11. The sternum, parietal, occipital, and frontal bones are examples of which bone shape?
    flat bones
  12. Oddly shaped bones such as the vertebrae, sphenoid, and ethnoid are examples of which bone shape?
    irregular bones
  13. The patella is a _______ shaped bone. The name also means "shaped like a sesame seed."
    sesamoid bone
  14. List the two examples of short bones given in class.
    • carpals
    • tarsals
  15. Small, square shaped bones are classified as:
    short bones
  16. List the two functions of depressions, tunnels, and grooves in bone.
    • passageways for arteries, veins, and nerves
    • articulation points
  17. Lit the two functions of projections, and elevations in bone.
    • attachment of tendons and ligaments
    • articulation points
  18. Define process.
    any projection or bump
  19. An extension of a bone making an angle with the rest of the structure is known as a:
    ramus
  20. A large, rough projection where tendons or ligaments attach is called a:
    trochanter
  21. A smaller, rough projections where tendons or ligaments attach is called a:
    tuberosity
  22. A smooth, rounded projection on a bone is known as a:
    tubercle
  23. Which of the two projections is smaller, a trochanter or a tuberosity.
    a tuberosity
  24. Define crest.
    a prominent bone ridge
  25. Define line in relation to bone features.
    a low bone ridge
  26. Define spine in relation to bone features.
    a pointed or narrow process
  27. The expanded articular end of an epiphysis, separated from the shaft by the neck is known as the:
    head
  28. A narrow connection between the epiphysis and the diaphysis, or shaft, is the:
    neck
  29. Define condyle.
    a smooth rounded articular surface
  30. A smooth, grooved articular surface shaped like a pulley is a:
    trochlea
  31. A small, flat articular surface is called a:
    facet
  32. Define fossa.
    a shallow depression on a bone
  33. Define sulcus.
    a narrow groove on a bone
  34. A rounded passageway for blood vessels or nerves is known as a:
    foramen
  35. A duct or channel through bone is a:
    canal
  36. A passageway through bone is known as a:
    meatus
  37. An elongated cleft or slit in bone is a:
    fissure
  38. Define sinus.
    a chamber within a bone, normally filled with air
  39. The tubular shaft of a long bone is known as the:
    diaphysis
  40. The expanded area at each end of a long bone is known as the:
    epiphysis
  41. The narrow zone that connects the diaphysis to the epiphysis, and is also called the neck of the bone, is the:
    metaphysis
  42. Bone that is relatively solid and provides a sturdy protective layer is called:
    compact bone
  43. Cancellous bone, which consists of an open network that appears lattice-like, is also called:
    spongy bone
  44. The outer fibrous tissue layer of bone is called the:
    periosteum
  45. The inner fibrous layer of bones is called the:
    endosteum
  46. A mature bone cell is known as an:
    osteocyte
  47. The pockets in bone tissue where the osteocytes are located are called:
    lacunae
  48. Narrow passageways between the lacunae and nearby blood vessels are called:
    cannaliculi
  49. A periosteum covers the outer surface of bones everywhere in the body except:
    at joints
  50. The meshwork of random rods and bundles that make up spongy bone are known as:
    trabeculae

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