POSC 333

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  1. John Stuart Mill
    • Utilitarianism/School of Liberalism
    • -Focus on the individual, clear limitation of the power of the government.
    • -Founder of the Harm-principle
    • -Your freedom ends when you interefere with others.
    • -Government should only step in when our actions are hurting someone else.
    • -Ground mass is a threat to Individuality/Liberty.
  2. Edmund Burke
    • -Father of conservatism
    • -Wrote "Reflections of the Revolution in France"
    • -French Rev, total dismantle of institution, not saving anything-Wrong, unradical.
    • -Wasnt against American Rev, but against colonialism.
    • Utopia- Dangerous form
    • Theres no perfect anything.
    • -Religion reaches us morality.
    • -Trust history ->Internalize those things that has been working in the past.
    • -"Society is a contract, state is a partnership."
    • Respect what ancestors have done and pass it on to the next generation without breaking it.
    • -Freedom is good if you keep it under controll.
    • -Change is a good thing, Innovation is terrible-
    • -Believing in a natural aristocracy and that there is no best form of government.
  3. Robert H. Bork
    • -Social conservatism
    • -wrote "Modern liberalism& Cultural decline" - Slouching toward gomorrah
    • -Ethos in the american politics: 2 major problems:
    • 1. Radical equalitarianism (equality of outcomes instead of opportunities, this promotes welfare state)
    • 2. Radical individualism; want it now and easy and to any cost. Sexual morality has been diseased.
    • -Technology is bad, we dont seek hard work.
    • Culture is now we want to be entertained&consumption. - This is leading to collapse of culture and the nation.
    • Need traditional sources of authority
    • -Today seem to cure things with more politics- more problems
    • Somewhat related to Dobson; Leader of the Religious right
    • 2.
  4. Irving Kristol
    • Founder of neoconservatism
    • -"Godfather of neocon", talking about persuasions
    • Not liking the concentrations of welfare.
    • -Conservatism in America, healthier&efficient than Europe/because of the neocon.
    • -Interested in history rather than econ&sociology
    • -Neocons are comfortable in America - unting here because of the decline of democracy.
    • Religion in republican - gives neocons more power than in Europe.
    • -Ronald Reagan, Bush examples of other neocons.
  5. Machiavelli
    • Usually associated with "getting as much power as possible"
    • -Wrote the "little prince"
    • - Better to be feared than to be loved.
    • -People are superior guardian to the law
    • - Machiavellis ideas became institutionalized in American constitution, Checks & Balances. Wanted to slow down the process of govt.
    • The discourse- people more collective wise than one prince/king.
    • -Governance by many
    • -Footsteps for federalism.
  6. Aristotles
    • Wrote "Politics" - polity, politics model : one, few, many
    • -Ancient democracy
    • -Opposed for mixed government - keep an eye on each other
    • -"Government could be divided into "true" and perverted according to who governerd and for the good of whom."
    • -Democracy, lead to truth, ought to be govern by experts
    • -Concerned with inequality
    • -Idiocy= Self-interest
    • - By participation we become better citizens.
    • -Mixed constitution
    • - Rule of law
    • - Civic virtue, actively promote good citizenship.
  7. Michael Oakshott
    • -Leading representative of classical conservatism
    • -Brittish conservatism
    • -Conservatism is a set of attitude, instead of principles.
    • -Preference for thingd as they are
    • -Desire for stability&order
    • -"Politics is attending to the arrangement of society.
    • - Wrote "On being conservative"
    • Keep floating, changes are circumstances to which we have to accomadate ourselves.
    • -Innovation - Improvement
    • Change- must be suffered.
  8. Donald Allen
    • Libertarian theorist, libertarian anarchist.
    • - wrote "Paternalism vs Democracy"
    • Allen is against the new paternalism- economic regulation,
    • welfare state. Regulations from government.
    • -Dangerous to the health of society.
    • -Being stripped of piece by piece.
    • - Showing how the government is unneccesarry evil.

    • Drugs - shouldnt intervene, its our own choice.
    • -We should decide our own choices.
    • -Democracy can only survive when individuals are free from government interference to control their own lives.
  9. Thomas Hobbes
    • - wrote "Leviathan"
    • Preliberal, ideas found in the Leviathan
    • -Individual should obey whoever is in power, as long as you are protected.
    • - Self-interest instead of demands.
    • -Aims for a perfect liberty&equality
    • -Founder of the State of Nature principle
    • -Human life in the state of nature, would be a nightmare.
    • -Need government to security, take equality&endorse it for individuals.
  10. John Locke
    • -Father of Liberalism
    • -There is no fixed status
    • Right to worship religion, but with limits
    • -Wrote "toleration&Government"
    • -Deny social status, govt on the people
    • - you have the right to life, liberty and property.
    • "No one has authority over us without our consent".
    • - Any govt that violates our rights, releases us and entitle us to overthrow and establish a new govt.
    • Property=person, non property="non people"
    • -Representative government: need govt for laws &enforce them and judge them.
  11. Franklin Delano Roosevelt
    • Wel-fare liberalism school
    • -Govt should take an active role in regulating the economy and protecting the poor and powerless from the powerful.
    • -Wealthy rules in their own interest.
    • -Use presidency to rule over the few to impoverish the many.

    • 1936, Great Depression - defense of the New Deal.
    • Saying that wealthy wont give up easily - democracy isnt meaningful for them
    • -Corrupt practices in business
  12. Adam Smith
    • School of liberalism
    • - Philosopher of the Scottish Enlightment (leaving behind immaturity, self-govern yourself)
    • -Provided the most influencial of laissez-faire.
    • -Division of Labor/maximize peoples talent, more efficient.
    • -wrote "wealth of nations"
    • -Invisible hand of markets: let the forces of nature/work/human rule free.
Card Set
POSC 333
Posc 333 Exam #1 - Authors and thoughts
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