Endocrine System

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Author:
muzacgrl
ID:
107379
Filename:
Endocrine System
Updated:
2011-10-10 14:45:45
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Endocrine System
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Description:
Endocrine System
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  1. What are general functions of endocrine system?
    • regulates fluid & electrolyte balance
    • stress response
    • growth & development
    • protein, lipid, carbohydrate metabolism
    • sexual maturation
  2. Growth Hormone, location of gland, stimulus for release & it's functions?
    • Growth Hormone--> Anterior Pituitary-->anabolism & catabolism
  3. Prolactin, location of gland, stimulus for release & it's functions?
    • Prolactin
    • --Location: Anterior Pituitary
    • --Stimulus: pregnancy & nursing
    • --Function: milk synthesis
  4. Andrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) location, stimulus, and function?
    • Location: Anterior Pituitary
    • Stimulus: decreased (cortisol) or stress
    • Function: adrenal cortex--> cortisol, etc.
  5. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) location, stimulus and function?
    • Location: Anterior Pituitary
    • Stimulus: decreased (thyroid hormone)
    • Function: thyroid gland--> thyroid hormone
  6. Oxytocin hormone location, stimulus and function?
    • Location: Posterior Pituitary
    • Stimulus: nursing
    • Function: promotes milk release (let-down)
  7. Antidiuretic hormone location, stimulus and function?
    • Location: Posterior Pituitary
    • Stimulus: increased plasma osmolaity
    • Function: water reabsorption in kidney
  8. Thyroid hormone (TH) location, stimulus and function?
    • Location: Thyroid Gland
    • Stimulus: decreased thyroid hormone increased Thyroid stimulating hormone
    • Function: helps maintain basal metabolic rate (BMR)
  9. Aldosterone location, stimulus and function?
    • Location: Adrenal Cortex
    • Stimulus: decreased ECF(extra cellular fluid)
    • Function: Na+(sodium) reabsorbtion in the kidney--> water reabsorbtion
  10. Corisol location, stimulus and function?
    • Location: Adrenal Corex
    • Stimulus: increased (ACTH)
    • Function: maintains blood pressure
    • resistance to stress
    • carb, protein, and fat metabolism
  11. Epinephrine & Norephinephrine location, stimulus, and function?
    • Location: Adrenal Medulla
    • Stimulus: sympathetic discharge
    • Function: maintains blood pressure & resistance to stress
  12. Glucagon location, stimulus and function?
    • Location: Pancreas
    • Stimulus: decreased glucose
    • Function: increases glucose
  13. Insulin (I) location, stimulus, and function?
    • Location: Pancreas
    • Stimulus: increased glucose
    • Functions: anabolism--glucose to glycogen & lowers glucose
  14. Which forms of thyroid hormone are inactive versus active?
    T3 is active and T4 is inactive
  15. Does the inactive form remain inactive and why?
    T4 doesn not remain inactive because it is transformed to T3 at tissue level
  16. What is insulin-dependent tissue?
    Tissue that requires the presence of insulin for glucose to get into the cell
  17. List insulin-dependent tissues.
    Skelectal , cardiac muscle and adipose tissue
  18. What hormones are located in Anterior Pituitary?
    • Growth Hormone
    • Prolactin
    • Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
    • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
  19. What hormones are located in Posterior Pituitary?
    • Oxytocin
    • Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
  20. What hormones are located in Thyroid Gland?
    Thyroid Hormone (TH)
  21. What hormones are located in Adrenal Cortex?
    • Alderstone
    • Cortisol
  22. What hormones are located in Adrenal Medulla?
    Epinephrine & Norepinephrine
  23. What hormones are located in Pancreas?
    • Glucagon
    • Insulin (I)

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