Theatre 1001 Exam 2 Pt. 4

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  1. most common fastener; driven into two or more pieces of wood with a hammer; strength depends on the gripping pressure of wood on the shaft
  2. rough equivalency between the shaft length and number deisgnation of a nail
    "penny system"
  3. various types of nails
    • Common
    • Box
    • Coated Box
    • Finish
    • Double-headed
    • Clout
    • Wire nails
    • Brads
  4. Tacks with very wide heads and tapered shafts varying from approximately 3/8 to 3/4 inch; generally used to attach fabric to some type of wooden backing
    Carpet tacks
  5. Decorative tacks used to attach fabric to wooden frames and decorate it
    Upholstery Tacks
  6. Various kinds of staples
    • Screen
    • Cable
    • Fence
    • Poultry
    • Pneumatic
  7. stronger joining method than nails; augerlike threads dig into material; size relates to diameter
  8. Types of screws
    • Wood
    • Drywall
    • Lag
    • Sheet metal
    • Stage screw
    • Hooks and eyes
  9. Types of screw heads
    • Standard (or slotted)
    • Phillips
    • Allen
    • Slotted Hex
    • Square
    • Robertson (square)
  10. Used with nuts to provide the strongest type of mechanical fastening
  11. flat steel disks that increase the bearing surface of the nut or bolt head and prevents the head from cutting into the surface of the work
  12. Applied to the threaded ends of bolts to close and tighten them
  13. heavy duty hidden lock that is used to hold platforms together or in similar applications
    Coffin lock (or roto-lock)
  14. hinge composed of two tapering leaves that are joined by either a loose or a fixed pin
    Strap hinge
  15. used for hanging doors; composed of rectangular leaves joined by either a fixed or loose pin
    Butt hinge
  16. a combination of a strap and butt hinge; used for hanging doors, gates, and box lids
    T-Strap Hinge
  17. method of joining scenery with a piece of 1/4 inch clothesline
  18. L-shaped piece of 1/16 inch galvanized steel, predrilled for use with flat-head wood screws; used to reinforce corners of doors and windows
    Corner plate
  19. Much like the corner plate, can be used as a substitute for keystones
    Tee plate
  20. strap of mild steel attached to the bottom of a door flat to brace it where the rail has been cut out
    sill iron
  21. shop-made pieces that facilitiate the rapid changing and removal of decorative draperies on a set
    Picture hook and eye
  22. wheel/axle device attached to platforms and the like to make them roll
  23. wire used for flying scenery
    piano wire
  24. Wire not used for flying scenery
    Stovepipe wire
  25. arrangement of pulleys and ropes that provide a mechanical advantage
    Block and tackle
  26. scaled mechanical drawing showing construction plan and details material to be used, construction techniques to be used and quantity of element to be built
    Construction Drawings
  27. simplest of all joints; two pieces of lumber are joined face to face
    Lap Joint
  28. joint in which two pieces of wood are cut square at the end and fitted together
    Butt joint
  29. Joint in which two pieces of lumber are butted end-to-end with a lumber of similar width attached directly over the joint with glue and screws
    Battened Butt Joint
  30. Butt joint in which wood being joined is cut on an angle instead of a square
    Miter Joint
  31. Joint made my cutting a slot across the face of one piece of lumber to receive the edge of another
    Dado Joint
  32. Joint in which two boards are connected without increasing overall width; made by cutting complementary angles in both boards
    Scarf Joint
  33. Square hole that can be chiseled into a piece to allow a tenon joint
  34. Wood joint made by fitting a square peg into a square hole
    Mortise and tenon joint
  35. Butt joint that is reinforced with small pieces of hardwood dowel
    Doweled Joint
  36. Process of fusing metal by heating the pieces to be joined to their melting temperature and inducing the metal to flow together before it cools
  37. Surface preparation for welding
    Clean surface of contaminants
  38. Dangers of welding
    • Molten metal sparks
    • Ultraviolet light
    • Toxic gases and fumes
  39. Flat in which the frame is constructed with face of the lumber forward
    Standard flat
  40. top or bottom framing member of a flat
  41. Vertical side member of a flat
  42. interior horizontal framing member of a flat
    Toggle bar
  43. Diagonal internal framing member that helps keep a flat square
    diagonal brace
  44. wood-framed flats similar to hard flats, except without cornerblocks or keystones, and the frame is built with the edge of the wood facing front
    Studio flats
  45. wooden curvilinear form, generally used to outline an arch or irregular form in door and window flat openings
  46. to fold hinged flats together (like a book)
  47. joint cover used in booking
  48. piece of stock used as a spacer when three or more flats are going to be booked
  49. primary material used for opaque and translucent drops
  50. Drops that the audience cannot see through
    Opaque drops
  51. Drops that are transparent when lit from behind and opaque when lit from front
  52. an elevation; used to create multiple levels on stage
  53. Parallel beams that support flooring on a platform
  54. Support structures that support platforms in compression
    Stud wall
  55. engineered beams designed to handle large loads across longer spands
  56. A stage or set consisting one or more platforms on casters; the platform can pivot, thereby easily shifting on or off the stage
    Jackknife stage
  57. Rule of thumb for stairs
    Tread width + Rise height = 18"
  58. Stairs that require support from another scenic unit, such as a platform
    Dependent stairs
  59. the part of a stair unit that supports the tread and risers
  60. Horizontal surface of a stair
  61. Vertical face of a stair unit
  62. Part of the stair railing that is grabbed with the hand; supported by the banister and newel post
  63. Vertical member that supports the handrail of a staircase railing
  64. post at the bottom or top of a flight of stairs that terminates the handrail
    newel post
  65. structural lumber that is lightweight, easily worked, and fairly inexpensive; used for flat framing and lightweight construction
    White Pine
  66. Heavier and cheaper than White Pine; used for framing and legging of weight-bearing structures
    Douglas Fir
  67. veneer layers glued together with grain direction perpendicular in each successive layer
  68. Wood composed of wood chips and sawdust that is much heavier than plywood
    Particle Board
  69. Similar to particle board but composed of much larger chips; stronger and lighter than plywood
    Oriented Strand Board (OSB) or Wafer Board
  70. Hardboard manufactured from wood pulp
  71. Paper pulp and binder that have been mixed and compressed into 4-by-8 sheets; fairly flexible and has little inherent strength
    Upson Board or Easy Curve
  72. Two types of metals used in scene shops
    Steel and aluminum
  73. U-shaped steel structure system
  74. Telescoping steel tubing system
  75. plastic that is commonly used as a glass substitute; also known as Plexiglas
  76. plastic used as an adhesive and casting resin; stronger than acrylic and polyester resins; waterproof
  77. Plastics with an ultra high molecular weight; tough, with low friction; non-stick; best-known as Teflon
  78. mylar and Fiberglass
  79. Ethafoam and films for drops and projection screens
  80. Styrofoam
  81. PVC pipe
  82. Polyvinyl Chloride
  83. Celastic
  84. commonly used for cushions and padding; also rigid for sculpting; casting resin
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Theatre 1001 Exam 2 Pt. 4
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