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Definition of major scale
contains 8 pitches represented by consecutive letter names, the eighth letter is a repetition of the 1st only an octave higher. Pitches must follow a specific order of whole & half notes. Named after tone.
Definition of scale degree
steps on a scale.
Definition of tonic
scale degree 1, which starts & end the scale
What is the Major Scale Rule?
Half steps fall between scale degrees 3 & 4, 7 & 8.
(WWH W WWH)
Definition of Tonality
Organization of a composition around a tonic based upon a major or minor scale
Definition of degree
tones of the diatonic scale
Definition of chromatic scale
a scale which divides the octave into its semitones. 12 semitones to an octave.
Definition of diatonic scale
proceeding the order of the octave based on 5 tones & 2 semitones
What are the 7 degrees of the diatonic scale?
- 1st degree: tonic
- 2nd degree: supertonic
- 3rd degree: mediant
- 4th degree: subdominant
- 5th degree: dominant
- 6th degree: submediant
- 7th degree: leading tone
Definition of key
a specific scale or series of notes defining a particular tonality. Defined as major or minor. Named after tonic or keytone
Definition of keynote
note upon which a scale or mode is based or around which a composition is centered.
Definition of transposition
shifting a composition to a different pitch level
Definition of dominant
5th tone of the scale
Definition of key signature
the sharp, flat, or natural signs placed at the beginning of a staff indicating tonality of the composition
Key Signature Rhymes
- THE ORDER OF FLATS:
- Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles' Father
- THE ORDER OF SHARPS:
- Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle
- 'SHARP' Key Sig. Hint:
- When sharps you see, the last is 'ti'
- 'FLAT' Key Sig. Hint:
- When flats there are, the last is 'fa'.
Definition of tie
- a slur (curved line) that joins two
- notes together so that they are played as one long note
Definition of leading tone/note
the major seventh of a scale, so called because it lies a semitone below the tonic & leads toward it
Definition of mediant
the third note of the scale, so called because of its position halfway between the tonic and dominant.
Definition of phrase
a musical unit, often a component of a melody may be regarded as a dependent division of music
Definition of subdominant
tone that is one step below the dominant of a key
Definition of submediant
that tone which is positioned as far below the tonic as the mediant is above the tonic
Definition of supertonic
tone that is one step above the tonic of a key
Definition of tetrachord
the perfect fourth & the set of four diatonic, chromatic, or enharmonic notes encased there in