Music Notation 2

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Music Notation 2
2011-10-20 00:07:11

Music Notations 2
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  1. Definition of major scale
    contains 8 pitches represented by consecutive letter names, the eighth letter is a repetition of the 1st only an octave higher. Pitches must follow a specific order of whole & half notes. Named after tone.

  2. Definition of scale degree
    steps on a scale.

  3. Definition of tonic
    scale degree 1, which starts & end the scale

  4. What is the Major Scale Rule?
    Half steps fall between scale degrees 3 & 4, 7 & 8.

    (WWH W WWH)

  5. Definition of Tonality
    Organization of a composition around a tonic based upon a major or minor scale
  6. Definition of degree
    tones of the diatonic scale

  7. Definition of chromatic scale
    a scale which divides the octave into its semitones. 12 semitones to an octave.

  8. Definition of diatonic scale
    proceeding the order of the octave based on 5 tones & 2 semitones

  9. What are the 7 degrees of the diatonic scale?
    • 1st degree: tonic
    • 2nd degree: supertonic
    • 3rd degree: mediant
    • 4th degree: subdominant
    • 5th degree: dominant
    • 6th degree: submediant
    • 7th degree: leading tone
  10. Definition of key
    a specific scale or series of notes defining a particular tonality. Defined as major or minor. Named after tonic or keytone
  11. Definition of keynote
    note upon which a scale or mode is based or around which a composition is centered.
  12. Definition of transposition
    shifting a composition to a different pitch level
  13. Definition of dominant
    5th tone of the scale
  14. Definition of key signature
    the sharp, flat, or natural signs placed at the beginning of a staff indicating tonality of the composition

  15. Key Signature Rhymes
    • Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles' Father

    • Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle

    • 'SHARP' Key Sig. Hint:
    • When sharps you see, the last is 'ti'

    • 'FLAT' Key Sig. Hint:
    • When flats there are, the last is 'fa'.
  16. Definition of tie
    • a slur (curved line) that joins two
    • notes together so that they are played as one long note
  17. Definition of leading tone/note
    the major seventh of a scale, so called because it lies a semitone below the tonic & leads toward it

  18. Definition of mediant
    the third note of the scale, so called because of its position halfway between the tonic and dominant.

  19. Definition of phrase
    a musical unit, often a component of a melody may be regarded as a dependent division of music
  20. Definition of subdominant
    tone that is one step below the dominant of a key

  21. Definition of submediant
    that tone which is positioned as far below the tonic as the mediant is above the tonic

  22. Definition of supertonic
    tone that is one step above the tonic of a key
  23. Definition of tetrachord
    the perfect fourth & the set of four diatonic, chromatic, or enharmonic notes encased there in