Urinary Ssystem

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Author:
cstephens
ID:
107513
Filename:
Urinary Ssystem
Updated:
2011-10-09 15:07:24
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medical terminology kidneys bladder
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Description:
kidneys, bladder, disease, and treatments
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  1. the "working" parts of the urinary system are:
    • 2 kidneys
    • 2ureters
    • bladder
    • urethra
  2. main function of the urinary system
    formation and removal of urine
  3. Although not its main function, the kidneys manufacture substances that reesult in changes in other parts of the body. As an example, the kidneys release renal erthropoietin which influences what?
    the production of red blood cells
  4. bean-shaped organs which lie against the muscles of the posterior abdominal wall, just above the waistline
    • 2 kidneys
    • Note: we can function with onkly one
  5. nephr
    root word meaning "kidney"
  6. pyelo
    root word meaning "pelvis"
  7. root word meaning "pertaining to the kidney"
    renal
  8. basin or collection area within the pelvis
    renal pelvis
  9. tube that transports urine from the kidney to the bladder; term literally means "to make water"
    ureter
  10. place where the ureter leaves the renal pelvis
    uretopelvic junction
  11. space that holds urine; "chalice or cup"
    calyx
  12. outside part of the kidney
    medulla
  13. structura and functioning unit of the kidney (These structures are so small it is impossible to see them without a microscope)
    nephron
  14. basin in the kidney that collects urine from the calyx and drains it into the ureter
    renal pelvis
  15. functioning unit of the kidney; tiny, very sophisticated manufacturing plants
    nephron
  16. Inside each nephron is a collecting tubule that carries urine to the kidney; collection of capillaries in the nepron that resembles a small ball of yarn
    glomerulus
  17. small tubes that make-up the system by which urine flows through the nephron
    tubules
  18. section of the tubes closest to the glomerulus
    proximal convoluted tubule
  19. loop that connects the proximal tubule with the distal tubule
    loop of Henle
  20. tube that collects and carries urine from the tubules to the calyx of the kidney
    collecting duct
  21. process in which the glomerulus acts as a filter to begin the process of removing the by-products of body metabolism from the blood
    glomerular filtration
  22. process in the system of tubules by which certain products are eliminated and certain products were reabsorbed (This is the area where the water content and concentration of by-products occurs)
    tubular reabsorption and secretion
  23. these attach to the base of the renal pelvis of each kidney. They take urine to the bladder
    ureters
  24. this has the triangular shape of a funnel which allows urine to drain into the connecting drain or ureter.
    renal pelvis
  25. point where the ureters attach to the bladder
    trigone
  26. after the urine leaves the bladder, it flows into another tube called the
    urethra
  27. urine starts its formation in the kidneys as it progresses through the nephrons. What is the main function of the nephrons?
    they have the ability to filter out and reabsorb the amount of water and other blood elements needed to meet an individual's body requirements
  28. an organ resembling a bag, its function is to store urine. When it becomes full enough to stretch, we have the sensation to "void"
    bladder
  29. Important info. regarding the bladder
    • -without it we would constantly dribble
    • -it is protection to the kidneys from bacteria
    • -our bladders are controlled by the parasympathetic nervous system. The center of activity is the spinal cord.
  30. sac or organ that is the recepticle for fluid-urine
    bladder
  31. root word meaning "bladder"
    cysto
  32. triangular internal surface of the posterior wall of the bladder
    trigone
  33. small opening or mouth of the urethra as it leaves the bladder
    urethral orifice
  34. pertaining to the bladder
    vesical
  35. the tube or pipe that carries the urine to the outside of the body
    urethra
  36. 2 functions the urethra serves in males
    sends both urine and sperm to the outside of the body
  37. system involving the reproductive and urinary organs
    genitourinary
  38. opening of the urethra to the outside of the body
    urethral meatus
  39. The action of the urinary bladder is under the influence of voluntary or involuntary nervous systems?
    both voluntary and involuntary> you can urinate voluntarily or the bladder forces urination involutarily
  40. absence of urine
    anuria
  41. inflammation of the urinary bladder
    cystitis
  42. involuntary pasing of urine
    enuresis
  43. condition in which there is permanent disease of the kidney
    ESRD-end stage renal disease
  44. inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidneys
    glomerulonephritis
  45. condition in which there is blood in the urine
    hematuria
  46. condition in which the person is unable to "hod" his urine
    incontinent
  47. presence of stones in the kidney
    nephrolithiasis
  48. frequent urination during the night
    nocturia
  49. involuntary urination that occurs at night (bed-wetting)
    nocturnal enuresis
  50. production of a scant or small amount of urine
    oliguria
  51. inflammation of the kidney pelvis
    pyelonnephritis
  52. condition in which a person has frequent and excessive episodes of thirst ( this is ususally accompanied by polyuria-urinating many times) sometimes called frequency
    polydipsia
  53. urinating many times
    polyuria
  54. kidney stones which is also known as nephrolithiasis
    renal calculi
  55. stops filtering or forming urine
    renal failure
  56. waste products normally found in the urine , are not filtered through the kidney and remain in the blood
    uremia
  57. removal of the bladder
    cysectomy
  58. measurement of the efficiency and capacity of the urinary bladder
    cystometry
  59. passing of a viewing device into the bladder for visualization of the inside of the bladder
    cystoscopy
  60. drug used to cause an increased flow of urine
    diuretic
  61. procedure in which blood from an individual is shunted through a special device in which waste products are seperated out and removed from the blood (The cleande blood continues through the device and is sent back to the individual)
    hemodialysis
  62. method of seperating out waste products by special procedures utilizing the peritoneal cavity and membrane (There is a constant flow of solution into and out of the peritoneal cavity
    peritoneal dialysis
  63. x-ray of the kidney pelvis following injection into a vein of a radiopaque substance (This test may be eliminated in the not too distant future becasue of advances in digital imaging technology)
    intravenous pyelogram
  64. act of taking a kidney from a donor and surgically implanting it into a recipient
    kidney transplant
  65. removal of a kidney
    nephrectomy
  66. cutting into the kidney to remove stones
    nephrlithotomy
  67. substance potentially damaging to the kidney
    nephrotoxic

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