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A change in thought or behavior resulting from experience.
Anything in the enviorment to which an organism might react.
any behavior resulting from a stimulus
decrease in reaction to a repeated stimulus
-simplest form of learning
A new stimulus begins to elict the same response as another stimuli when they occur together.
learning occurs when the CS is paired reliably with the UCS
decrease or dissaperance of the CS when it is no longer paired with with UCS. Doesnt mean forgotten.
the return of the CS after a delay
When stimuli similiar to the CS elicit a CR
When a stimuli similiar to the CS does not elecit a CR
acquiring behaviors as a result of the outcome or consquence of those behaviors ( reward and punishment)
Thorndike's law of effect
If a response, in the presence of a stimulus, is followed by a satisfying state of affairs, the bond betwwen the stimulus and response will be strengthened.
pleasant stimulus is giving to increase certain behavior
unpleasant stimulus is removed to increase a certain behavior
unpleasant stimulus is giving to decrease a certain behavior
pleasant stimulus is removed to decrease a certain behavior.
reinforcing behaviors occasionally rather than always (partial reinforcement is harder to extinguish)
Reinforcement after a fixed number of responses (money in soda machine)
reinforcement after a fixed amount of time (baking cookies)
Reinforcement after a varying number of responses (gambling)
reinforcement after a varying about of time (waiting in line)
rewarding behaviors that come closer and closer to a target behavior
Learning how nurture changes us
Learning: how nurture changes us