intro to medical terminology

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Author:
cstephens
ID:
107526
Filename:
intro to medical terminology
Updated:
2011-10-12 19:08:33
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medical terminology root words prefixes suffixes
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chapter 1 divisions 1-3
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  1. root word meaning vessel
    angio
  2. root meaning "head"
    cephal
  3. root meaning "skin"
    derm
  4. root meaning "water"
    • hydro
    • hydra
  5. root meaning treatment
    therapy
  6. prefix meaning under
    sub
  7. suffix meaning skin
    cutaneous
  8. prefix meaning large pr great
    mega
  9. suffix meaning large intestine
    colon
  10. prefix meaning stone
    lith
  11. suffix meaning to crush
    tripsy
  12. kidney
    • nephro-
    • renal-
  13. stone
    lith-
  14. opening or cut
    -otomy
  15. lack of or no
    a-
  16. breathing
    apnea-
  17. without
    in-
  18. above
    up
    over
    upon
    epi-
  19. blood
    • hem-
    • hemo-
  20. half
    hemi-
  21. without, absent
    a-, an-
  22. another, different from , dull
    ambly
  23. male
    andro
  24. vessel, duct, usually a blood vessel
    angi(o)
  25. imperfect
    atel
  26. self
    aut(o)
  27. bacteria
    bacter
  28. life
    bi(o)
  29. slow
    brady
  30. with, together
    • co-
    • com-
    • con-
  31. cold
    cyt(o)
  32. difficult
    dys-
  33. sugar
    sweet
    • glyco-
    • gluco-
  34. female
    • gyn-
    • gyneco-
  35. other
    different
    hetero-
  36. same
    • homeo-
    • homo-
  37. peculiar to the individual,
    distinct
    idio-
  38. equal
    same
    iso-
  39. bad
    mal-
  40. new
    strange
    neo-
  41. not
    non-
  42. normal
    norm(o)
  43. straight
    orhto-
  44. sharp
    acute
    rapid
    oxy-
  45. eat
    consume
    phage(o)
  46. false
    pseudo
  47. hard
    sclero
  48. solid, firmly established, three dimensional
    stereo-
  49. fast
    tachy
  50. malformed, monster
    terato
  51. heat, warmth
    therapythermo-
  52. poison
    toxic
  53. dry
    xero-
  54. up, back again
    ana-
  55. before
    ante
  56. down, through
    • cata-
    • kata-
  57. beginning
    origin
    gen-
  58. beyond
    over
    between
    change
    next to
    meta
  59. night
    not(i)
  60. after
    post
  61. before
    pre-
  62. first
    prim-
  63. first
    prot(o)
  64. togeher
    same
    • sym-
    • syn-
  65. third
    ter(t)
  66. extrmity
    tip
  67. acro-
  68. against
    anti-
  69. around
    circum
  70. oppsite
    against
    contra
  71. back
    • dorsi-
    • dorso-
  72. outside
    misplaced
    ecto-
  73. within
    endo-
  74. outside of
    in addition to
    beyond
    extra
  75. before
    in front
    fore-
  76. above
    excessive
    beyond
    hyper
  77. below
    under
    hypo
  78. below
    infra-
  79. between parts
    inter-
  80. near
    juxta-
  81. middle
    medi-
  82. middle
    meso-
  83. against
    in the way
    oppose
    ob-
  84. beside
    beyond
    para-
  85. around
    peri
  86. beneath
    sub-
  87. above
    over
    supra-
  88. across
    through
    over
    beyond
    trans-
  89. excessive
    extreme
    ultra
  90. away from
    ab-
  91. to toward
    ad-
  92. to do the opposite
    off of
    remove entirely away
    not
    down
    de-
  93. right
    dextro
  94. out
    e-
  95. away from
    out
    completely
    ex-
  96. in
    inside
    within
    not
    • in-
    • im-
  97. against
    into
    toward
    ir-
  98. forward
    anterior
    pro-
  99. behind
    backward
    retro-
  100. left
    sinistr(o)
  101. both
    ambi-
  102. two
    bi-
  103. 100
    centi
  104. 10
    deca-
  105. 1/10
    deci-
  106. one half
    demi-
  107. two
    twice
    doucly
    di-
  108. double
    dilpo-
  109. 1000
    milli-
  110. one
    mono-
  111. many
    multi-
  112. no
    none
    null(i)
  113. all
    pan-
  114. many
    poly-
  115. four
    quadr(i)
  116. one half
    semi-
  117. four
    tetra-
  118. three
    tri-
  119. one
    uni-
  120. none
    • a-
    • an-
  121. short
    brachy-
  122. large
    • macro-
    • mega-
  123. little
    small
    scanty
    deficient
    olig(o)
  124. excessive
    through
    by means of
    per-
  125. white
    alba-
  126. green
    chloro
  127. color
    chromo
  128. yellow
    cirrh-
  129. blue
    cyano
  130. red
    erthro
  131. white
    leuko-
  132. black
    melano-
  133. \red
    rube-
  134. yellow
    xantho-
  135. crooked or bent
    ankylo
  136. point
    apex
  137. cup shape
    • calix-
    • calyx-
  138. broad
    flat
    eury-
  139. thick
    pachy-
  140. flat
    platy-
  141. narrow
    contracted
    steno
  142. five
    quint
  143. six
    • ses-
    • sex-
    • hexa-
  144. nine
    • nona-
    • noni-
    • nonu--
  145. ten
    • dec-
    • deca-
  146. hundred
    cent-
  147. thousand
    milli-
  148. quality or act of
    -ance
  149. killer
    -cide
  150. dialtion or expansion of
    -ectasis
  151. structure or shape
    -form
  152. production of
    -gen
  153. one charged with or skilled in
    • -ician
    • -ist
  154. act of
    state of
    result of
    -ion
  155. measure
    meter
  156. science of
    study of
    -ology
  157. that which
    the who
    -or
  158. protection
    -phylaxis
  159. production,
    formation of
    -poiesis
  160. strength
    sthenia
  161. act,
    or the reult of action
    -ure
  162. pertaining to
    -ac
  163. that which is
    pertaining to
    -acy
  164. pertaining to
    -al
  165. pertaining to, related to, belonging to
    -an-
  166. of, related to , pertaining to
    -ar
  167. related to, pertaining to
    -ar
  168. related to, pertaining to
    -ary
  169. driving, moving, traveling away from
    -fugal
  170. pertaining to
    -ic
  171. having the qualities; capacity of
    -ile
  172. capable of; causing
    -ious
  173. like
    -oid
  174. process of, pertaining to, function of
    -ory
  175. full of, having the qualities of
    -ose
  176. pertaining to
    -ous
  177. related to nutrition, growth, development
    -trophic
  178. pain
    -algia
  179. abnormal closure
    -atresia
  180. swelling, bulging, tumor
    -cele
  181. bladder-like sac
    -cyst
  182. pain
    -dynia
  183. swelling, distention
    -ema
  184. a diseased condition
    -ia
  185. a diseased condition
    -iasis
  186. inflammation
    -itis
  187. softening
    -malacia
  188. tumor
    -oma
  189. suffering
    -pathy
  190. fear of
    -phobia
  191. drooping or downward displacement
    -ptosis
  192. bursting forth
    -rrhage; rrhagia
  193. flow, discharge
    -rrhea
  194. rupture
    -rrhexis
  195. homorrhage
    -staxis
  196. puncture of a cvity
    -centesis
  197. cut
    -cis
  198. breaking
    -clastic
  199. breaking down
    -clasis
  200. binding, fusion
    -desis
  201. excision, cutting into
    -ectomy
  202. act or method of recording
    -gram; -graphy
  203. setting free; dissolution
    -lysis
  204. creation of a mouth or opening
    -ostomy
  205. cutting into
    -otomy
  206. fixation
    -pexy
  207. modeling or shaping
    -plasty
  208. closure of by suturing; repair
    -rrhapy
  209. look at; examining
    -scope, -scopy
  210. cut
    -sect
  211. instrument for cutting
    -tome
  212. rubbing, crushing
    -tripsy
  213. small
    -ule
  214. small
    -culus
  215. tiny
    -ole
  216. enzyme
    -ase
  217. salt made from acid
    -ate
  218. halogen, alkaloid, or nitrogen base
    -in, -ine
  219. oil
    -ol
  220. carbohydrate
    -ose
  221. condition, act, process
    -ism
  222. quality, state of
    -ity
  223. without, not capable
    -less
  224. action, state, capable
    -osis
  225. love of
    -philia
  226. at a standstill
    -stasis
  227. stretching, putting under tension
    -tonia

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