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What are the eight patterns that emerge in Black screen representation?
- 1) Blacks are shown
- on screen dancing or performing trite acts:
- 2) Blacks are depicted as saving the lives of white people, as though they are the saviors of
- 3) Blacks are depicted as servants or in a subservient capacity
- 4) Depicted as shiftless, lazy, watermelon eaters, and chicken eaters
- 5) Depicted as objects of fear
- 6) Athletes
- 7) Seen in anthropological films
- 8) Civil War Films
Who were William Foster and Joe Shoecraft?
- a) Some of the first black film makers between 1910-1911
- b) Started Foster Photoplay Company aka Will Foster Moving Company
- c) Did Railroad Porter
Who were the "Two Real Coons"?
Bert Williams and George Wilkes
What are the 5 major stereotypes?
- 1) Uncle Tom
- 2) Coon
- 3) Mullatto
- 4) Mammy
- 5) Black Buck
Describe the Uncle Tom stereotype and give an example.
- -originated from Uncle Tom's cabin
- - loyalty to master, always faithful and devoted, helpful and sees bright side
- ex. Driving Ms. Daisy
Describe the coon stereotype.
- a) sly, cunning, avoids work
- b) chicken and watermelon eating
- c) pickaninny is a child version
- d) meant to be laughed at
- ex. Wayans Bros, Martin
Describe the mullatto stereotype
- a) fair-skinned, european features
- b) pitied, not accepted into Black or White world, confused
- ex. Halle Berry in Queen
Describe the Mammy stereotype.
- a) dark skinned, heavier,
- b) more aggressive and independent
- c) no sex appeal
- ex. Hattie McDaniels
Describe the Black Buck stereotype.
- a) savage, violent black male
- b) hypersexualized
- ex. Jim Brown
What is Birth of a Nation?
- a) film directed by D.W. Griffith in 1915
- b) Based on the book the Clansmen by Thomas Dixon
What are the cinematic techniques used to make Birth of a Nation special?
- a) Introduced Night photography
- b) Moving Camera shot
- c) Split screens
- d) Dissolve as a linking device
- e) Iris in/Iris out – Circle becomes larger and
- larger and larger or vice versa
- f) Dynamism
What were some myths about Birth of a Nation?
- 1) Blacks were the only ones offended by the film
- 2) The film started protest
- 3) All Black characters were played by whites
What were the opinions of scholars about Birth of a Nation?
- 1) Thomas Cripps felt that Blacks limited Hollywood because of protests
- 2) Clyde Taylor felt film was horrible despite its cinematic achievements
- 3) Appiah Anthony said racism was unintentional