Chapter 2 Social Studies
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Norwegian explorer, son of
Erik the Red, was first European to explore the
King of Portugal
who established a school of navigation and
financed trips of exploration.
Henry the Navagator
Director general of the Dutch New Netherland
colony, he was forced to surrender New Netherland
to the English
Italian sailor knew that the king of England wanted to find the Norweegan passage
followed the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico
who made three voyages to Canada for France.
He explored the St. Lawrence River.
Got claimed the mississippi valley, and it was named after him
King Louis XIV
Funed Christopher Columbus' journey
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
he was convinced that he could reach Asia by
sailing westward across the Atlantic Ocean.
He gained the support of Spain’s monarchs and
commanded a small fleet that reached the socalled
New World, setting off a tide of
European exploration of the area.
he conquered Mexico and brought about the
fall of the Aztec Empire.
Portuguese captain of a Spanish fleet that
sought a western route to Asia via the “Southern
Ocean”, he found a passage through South
America, now known as the Strait of Magellan,
but died during the expedition. His crew of 18
people with one remaining ship successfully
circumnavigated the world
Spanish conquistador who sailed with Balboa
on the discovery of the Pacific Ocean, he later
pursued rumors of golden cities in the Andes
Mountains of South America and conquered the
King Manuel of Portugal sent him (another explorer) on an expedition around the Cape of Good Hope
Vasco de Gama
a German priest who publicly criticized the Roman Catholic Church. He charged that the church was too wealthy and that it abused its power.
lead a Catholic Reformation against the Protestant movement
King Phillip II
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