N1 Pharmacology 2

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Author:
Bwaller0016
ID:
107630
Filename:
N1 Pharmacology 2
Updated:
2011-10-12 19:01:17
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Medications
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Medications
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  1. A precise description of the drug's chemical compostion
    Chemical name
  2. Identifies drugs active ingredient, is assigned by the manufacture that first develops the drug, only 1
    Generic name
  3. Selected by the drug company that sells the drug and is protected by trademark and can have several different names
    Trade or Brand name
  4. onset, duration, and intensity
    Pharmokinetics
  5. What the body does to the drug
    Pharmokynetics
  6. Process by which the drug is transferred from its site of entry into the body to the bloodstream
    Absorption
  7. What are some factors that influence absorption?
    • Route of Administration
    • lipid solubility
    • ph
    • drug dosage
    • serum drug levels
  8. Primary site for metabolism
    Liver
  9. Removal of the drug from the body
    excretion
  10. What excretes most drugs?
    Kidneys
  11. What age group has the most immature liver?
    Infants
  12. Elderly lose _________ in the kidneys.
    neprons
  13. What levels in the kidneys must be low?
    creatine
  14. What track do drugs take?
    mouth > digestive > liver > kidneys
  15. Study of how drug produces it effect in the body
    Pharmacodynamics
  16. What do meds do during pregancy?
    birth defects
  17. Children need smaller doses because _________.
    organs are immature
  18. Enzyme dificiencies cant __________ drugs.
    metabolize
  19. The presencs of disease can affect drug action
    Pathology
  20. Respiratory distress, sudden severe bronchospasm, and cardiovascular collapse
    Anaphylactic reaction (anaphylaxis)
  21. ringing in the ears
    odotoxicity
  22. An unusual or peculiar response to a drug that may manifest itself by over response, under response, or even the opposite of the expected response
    Idiosyncratic Effect
  23. Idiosyncratic effect is _______ caused.
    genetic
  24. The combined effect of two or more drugs acting simultaneously produces an effect less that that of each drug alone
    Antagonist
  25. Keeps another drug from working
    Antagonist Effect
  26. Greate than that of each drug alone (combination)
    Synergistic Effect
  27. The concentration of drug in the blood serum that produces the desired effect without causing toxicity
    Therapeutic range
  28. Takes a few days to build up
    Therapeutic range
  29. Highest concentration (1hr or so after medication)
    peak level
  30. toxic to CNS
    neurotoxicity
  31. lowest level before med administration
    trough
  32. Toxic to the liver
    Heptatoxicity
  33. Kidney toxicity
    Nephrotoxicity
  34. Hearin effects
    ototoxicity
  35. Trough usually drawn __________ before next dose
    30 minutes
  36. The amount of time it takes for 50% of the blood concentration of a drug to be eliminated from the body
    Half-Life
  37. ticks
    Extrapyramidal
  38. Lowers fever
    Antipyretic
  39. used to prevent infection
    Anti-infective
  40. What to look for when administering an anti-infective?
    • severe rash
    • hives
    • difficulty breathing
    • fever
    • dizziness
    • tightness in chest
    • swelling of eyelids, face, or lips
  41. Lowers BP
    Anti Hypertensive
  42. What should you do before administering an anti hypertensive?
    Check BP and Apical Pulse
  43. Neutralizes stomach acid, relieves acid indigestion, upset stomach, sour stomach, and heartburn
    Antacids
  44. Combat nausea and vomiting
    Antiemetic
  45. Treat inflammation, mild to moderate pain, fever.
    NSAIDS
  46. Specific treatments of NSAIDS
    • headaches
    • arthritis
    • sports injuries
    • menstrual cramps
  47. What to look for when administering an NSAID
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • diarrhea
    • constipation
    • rash
    • headache
    • edema
    • kidney failure
  48. Opioid narcotic pain relief also called what?
    narcotic analgesics
  49. pain relievers act on CNS
    Opioid Narcotic pain relief
  50. Unwanted side effects of opiod narcotics
    • drowsiness
    • dizziness
    • breathing problems
    • physical and mental dependence
  51. Depress of slow down body functions. Tranquilizers, sleeping pills, and sedatives
    Sedative hypnotic
  52. Control excess fluid in body
    Diuretics

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