N1 Pharmacology 2
Card Set Information
N1 Pharmacology 2
A precise description of the drug's chemical compostion
Identifies drugs active ingredient, is assigned by the manufacture that first develops the drug, only 1
Selected by the drug company that sells the drug and is protected by trademark and can have several different names
Trade or Brand name
onset, duration, and intensity
What the body does to the drug
Process by which the drug is transferred from its site of entry into the body to the bloodstream
What are some factors that influence absorption?
Route of Administration
serum drug levels
Primary site for metabolism
Removal of the drug from the body
What excretes most drugs?
What age group has the most immature liver?
Elderly lose _________ in the kidneys.
What levels in the kidneys must be low?
What track do drugs take?
mouth > digestive > liver > kidneys
Study of how drug produces it effect in the body
What do meds do during pregancy?
Children need smaller doses because _________.
organs are immature
Enzyme dificiencies cant __________ drugs.
The presencs of disease can affect drug action
Respiratory distress, sudden severe bronchospasm, and cardiovascular collapse
Anaphylactic reaction (anaphylaxis)
ringing in the ears
An unusual or peculiar response to a drug that may manifest itself by over response, under response, or even the opposite of the expected response
Idiosyncratic effect is _______ caused.
The combined effect of two or more drugs acting simultaneously produces an effect less that that of each drug alone
Keeps another drug from working
Greate than that of each drug alone (combination)
The concentration of drug in the blood serum that produces the desired effect without causing toxicity
Takes a few days to build up
Highest concentration (1hr or so after medication)
toxic to CNS
lowest level before med administration
Toxic to the liver
Trough usually drawn __________ before next dose
The amount of time it takes for 50% of the blood concentration of a drug to be eliminated from the body
used to prevent infection
What to look for when administering an anti-infective?
tightness in chest
swelling of eyelids, face, or lips
What should you do before administering an anti hypertensive?
Check BP and Apical Pulse
Neutralizes stomach acid, relieves acid indigestion, upset stomach, sour stomach, and heartburn
Combat nausea and vomiting
Treat inflammation, mild to moderate pain, fever.
Specific treatments of NSAIDS
What to look for when administering an NSAID
Opioid narcotic pain relief also called what?
pain relievers act on CNS
Opioid Narcotic pain relief
Unwanted side effects of opiod narcotics
physical and mental dependence
Depress of slow down body functions. Tranquilizers, sleeping pills, and sedatives
Control excess fluid in body