Fluid,Electrolyte & Acid-Base Balance

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
107807
Filename:
Fluid,Electrolyte & Acid-Base Balance
Updated:
2011-10-10 15:58:27
Tags:
Fluid Electrolyte Acid Base Balance Unit
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Description:
Fluid, Electrolyte & Acid-Base Balance Unit 8
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  1. Average adult fluid intake and output in a 24 hour period
    —1,500 to 3,500 ml
  2. —50-60% of body weight in a healthy person; and variations occur based on age, body fat, gender
    Total Body Water
  3. Intake and output should be about
    equal
  4. Infant TBW =
    77%
  5. Elderly TBW =
    45%
  6. more fat equals
    less water
  7. _______ fluid volume related to vomiting, diarrhea, and excessive urination
    Deficient
  8. ________ fluid volume related to kidney failure, excessive IV fluid and excessive fluid intake
    Excess
  9. out put of 30 mL per/hr times a 12 hour shift should equal 360 mL minimum
    Urine output
  10. Fluid Sources and Losses:

    Ingested liquids - —Biggest source
    Food - —Amounts depends on type of food intake
    By-product of metabolism
    Intake
  11. Fluid Sources and Losses:
    Sensible losses - —Urination, —Defecation, —Wounds

    Insensible losses, —Evaporation through skin, —Water vapor during respiration
    Output
  12. Fluid homeostasis normally functions automatically and effectively
    Body fluid homeostasis
  13. Almost every organ and system in the body helps in some way to maintain fluid homeostasis
    Body fluid homeostasis

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