Fluid Imbalance

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  1. Can be caused by a loss of both water and solutes
    (electrolytes and nonelectrolytes) in ECF
    Fluid volume deficit
  2. A.K.A. Hypovolemia, dehydration, isotonic fluid loss
    Fluid volume deficit
  3. Results from loss of body fluids or decreased fluid
    intake; Most at risk: young, old, & ill
    Fluid volume deficit
  4. A.K.A “Third-spacing"
    Third Space Fluid Shift
  5. Fluid shifts of body fluids into transcellular
    compartments (not into intracellular space); example —Pleural, peritoneal, or pericardial space,
    —Joint cavities, bowel, interstitial space
    Third-Space Fluid shift
  6. Pleural
  7. Peritoneal
    around the abdomen
  8. pericardial space
    around the heart
  9. Once trapped in these spaces, the fluid does not easily move
    Third-Space Fluid shift
  10. Results in ECF volume deficit; Caused by disruption in colloid osmotic pressure, increased fluid volume, hyponatremia, severe burns, sepsis
    Third-Space Fluid shift
  11. hyponatremia
    severly low sodium
  12. shock, and increase blood pressure
  13. Decreased body weight does not occur & fluid loss
    can’t be measured, May have edema & signs of hypovolemia
    Third-Space Fluid shift
Card Set
Fluid Imbalance
Fluid Imbalance Unit 8
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