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Compare and contrast the careers of the Beatles and the Rolling Stones in the 1960s.
a. How were their careers similar?
- Both appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show
- Both were from the UK
- Both had a songwriting team, (Beatles Paul McCartney and John Lennon; Rolling Stones Jagger and Richards)
- Both made Psychedelic music
- Both were hugely successful
How did they differ?
- Rolling Stones initially didn't write own music; beatles did.
- Rolling stones used verse-chorus form; beatles used AABA form
- Rolling stones image was the bad boys/trouble makers; beatles were charming, good boys, in matching suits
- Beatles were more pop-oriented; stones were more blues oriented.
- Stones were banned from Ed Sullivan Show; beatles were not
- Stones were influenced by Muddy water and chuck berry; beatles influenced by buddy holly, elvis
Discuss the impact of the British invasion on both the UK and the U.S. music industries. What effect did the popularity of British acts have in the UK after they became successful in the US?
- British bands pushed many American bands off the charts
- It established a more equal footing for American and British artists within popular music in the US
- It Disrupted the American music business
Address the controversy with Bob Dylan and the folk movement.
a. What was viewed as so controversial in his work, and how did he and the folk community respond?
- He "plugged in," electrifying his set.
- Many felt he had sold out to pop; as a result,he became the target of very strong criticsm within folk circles.
- Folk music establishment continued to react negatively to his use of electric instruments.
- After the response to his 1965 Newport performance with electric instruments, he decided to use "Positively 4th Street" to point his finger at the folk establishment he felt had unfairly criticized him.
b. What other musical styles were influencing Dylan at the time he was experimenting with different approaches to music?
- Folk Music
- Electric Music
- He was inspired by the Byrds' cover of his "Tambourine Man"
- Bob Dylan: "Like A Rolling Stone"
Consider the music and musical experimentation during the psychedelic era, and discuss how rock and pop music changed during this period.
a. What were some of the creative and experimental ideas that evolved during the counterculture movement?
- Ken Kesey's Acid Tests
- Many took hallucinogenic drugs, such as LSD, to unlock "the doors of perception."
b. How were these ideas reflected in the philosophical trends of psychedelia?
c. What types of musical styles influenced musicians from this era?
- More ambitious approaches to rock songwriting, arranging, and recording
- More artistic stances with albums
- Classical and Avant-garde music
- Electric music
- Beatles: Revolver
- Beach Boys: Pet Sounds
- Jefferson Airplain: Somebody to love
- Classical and Avant-garde music
Address the importance of music festivals during the counter-culture movement.
a. What are the important festivals that occurred, and why are they significant?
- Monterey Pop Festival:
- 1st of the big festivals
- brought together bands from LA, London, and San Francisco
- reintroduced Jimi Hentrix to US
- Woodstock Music and Art Festival:
- The festival's slogan, "three days of peace and music," became an ideal that represented the power and influence of the hippie counterculture.
- 400,000 people attended virtually without incident
- The Rolling employed the Hells Angels to provide security, and a few got out of control, beating fans who got too close to the stage. One man was beaten to death.
- Marked the end of the hippie era
b. How were they related to the cultural ideas of the counterculture?
- the counterculture was committed to cultural chang with music at the center.
- in many ways, they were simply an expansion and development of the hippie concert events that had been occurring in San Francisco.
Discuss the cultural and philosophical aspects of the psychedelic movement. What were the important geographical centers for this movement and for the musicians and bands associated with these centers?
provide ex. of specific bands and songs
- San Francisco:
- Human Be-In in Jan 1967, brought together clusters of Hippies from northern california for a day of poetry, spirituality and music provided by the Grateful Dead and Jefferson Airplane
- This event was soon imitated in NY and LA
- Jefferson Airplane: "White Rabbit"
- Grateful Dead: "Dark Star"
- Virginia City, Nevada
- First stirrings of psychedelia at a bar called the Red Dog Saloon.
- The Charlatons, a group of SF musicians, became the house band
- In June 1965, "Poets of the World/Poets of our time" inaugurated the London psychedelic underground.
- In Sept 1965, Michael Hollingshead, opened the World Psychedelic Center in London, which became the English Center for psychedelic music and culture.
- Series of weekly events call the Spontaneous Undergournd combined performance art, poetry music, and avant-garde weirdness.
- Pink Floyd: "intersteller overdrive."
- Soft Machine
- Tomorrow: "My White Bicycle"