Electrolytes

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Anonymous
ID:
107877
Filename:
Electrolytes
Updated:
2011-10-10 19:37:59
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Electrolytes
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Electrolytes
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  1. Potassium
    • 3.5-5.5 mEq/L
    • Transmission of nerve impulses
    • Intracellular osmolality
    • Enzymic reactions
    • Acid-Base Balance
    • Myocardial, skeletal, and smooth muscle contractility
  2. Sodium
    • 135-145 mEq/L
    • Body fulid movement and retention
    • Extracellular osmolality
    • Active transport mechanism (with potassium)
    • Neuromuscular activity
    • Enzyme activites
    • Acid-Base balance
  3. Calcium
    • 8.5-10.5 mg/dL
    • Hardness of bones and teeth
    • Skeletal muscle contraction
    • Blood coagulation
    • Cellular permeability
    • Heart muscle contraction
  4. Phosphorus
    • 2.5-4.5 mg/dL
    • Intracellular energy production (ATP)
    • Bone Hardness
    • Structure of cellular membrane
    • Oxygen delivery to tissues
    • Enzyme regulation (ATPase)
  5. Magnesium
    • 1.5-2.5 mEq/L
    • Neuromuscular transmission
    • Contraction of heart muscle
    • Activation of enzymes for cellular metabolism
    • Active transport at cellular level
    • Transmission of hereditary information
  6. Chloride
    • 97-110 mEq/L
    • Body fluid osmolality (with sodium)
    • Body water balance (with sodium)
    • Acid-base balance
    • Acidity of body fluids, especially gastric secretions
    • Red blood cell oxygenation and carbon dioxide transport

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