ZOO EXAM 2

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samanthaburnham
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107884
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ZOO EXAM 2
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2011-10-11 22:23:21
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ZOOLOGY EXAM
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ZOOLOGY
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  1. The study of the relationship of organisms to their enviroment and other organisms
    Ecology
  2. Which one of the following kingdoms is NOT part of Eukarya?
    A. Aminalia
    B. Fungi
    C. Plantae
    D. Eubacteria
    D. Eubacteria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The end opposite the mouth of a radially symmetrucal animal
    Aboral
  4. The end containing thhe mouth of a radially symmetrical animal
    Oral
  5. The head end
    Anterior
  6. The tail end
    Posterior
  7. Toward thhe tail
    Caudal
  8. Toward the head
    Cephalic
  9. Away from the point of attachment of a structure on the body
    Distal
  10. Toward the point of attachemnt of a structure on the body
    Proximal
  11. The back of an animal
    Dorsal
  12. The belly of the animal
    Ventral
  13. Below a point of reference
    Inferior
  14. Above the point of reference
    Superoir
  15. Away from the plan that divides a bilateral animal into mirror images
    Lateral
  16. On or near the plane that dividees a bilateral anumal inot mirror images
    Medial (median)
  17. Which one of these tissue layers is present in triploblastic organisms but NOT in dipoblastic organisms?
    A. Coeloderm
    B. Mesoderm
    C. Endoderm
    D. Gastroderm
    E. Ectoderm
    A. Coeloderm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. intimate assn between 2 organism
    Symbiosis
  19. One organism lives in or another does not bescessarily kill the host
    Parastism
  20. Harbors the sexual stage of the parasite
    Definitive host
  21. any other host in the life cycle the parasite, parasite may require a specific series of intermediate hosts to complete life cycle
    Intermediate host
  22. A host in which the parasite cannot continue its life cycle
    Dead-end host
  23. Organism that spreads a disease or parasite to animals of another species
    Vector
  24. Animal diseases that can infect humans
    Zoonosis
  25. One species benefits, the other is neutral
    Commensalism
  26. Both species benefit
    Mutalism
  27. Even division of cellular components, 2 equal daughter cells produced
    Binary fission
  28. Uneven division of cellular components, new daughter cell is smaller than mother cell
    Budding
  29. Multiple mitosis events in a single cell, then multiple cytokinesis to separate each nucleus into a new cell
    Schizogony
  30. Most protozoans are .....
    a. diploid
    b. haploid
    Haploid
  31. a waterborne diarrhea caused by drinking contaminated water
    Giardia
  32. African sleeping sickness, spread by tsetse flies
    Trypanosoma
  33. lives in liver and red blood cells , enters host by mosquito bite, people with sickle cells are resistant to it
    Plasmodia
  34. Only protozoan resistant to it chlorination, causes diarrhea
    Cryptosporidium
  35. cats are the definitive host, is a threat to unborn humans
    Toxoplasma
  36. Produces a calcerous test
    Foraminiferans
  37. Produces a silicone test
    Radiolarians
  38. pseudopodia for movement and feeding, doesnt have shell or test
    Amoeba
  39. thin, flats, lines outside of a sponge
    pinacocytes
  40. cells that secretes spicules , transports food, forms contractile ring
    Mesenchyme
  41. Cells that trap food praticles
    Choanocytes
  42. a resistant capsule full of amoeboid cells used for asexual reproduction in sponges
    Gemmules
  43. Sponges are classified based on the compoisdtion and shape of their ________
    Spicules
  44. Only class with freshwater species
    nematocysts only on epidermis
    Gametes are epidermal and relaeased outside of body
    Hydrozoa
  45. True jellyfish- medusa is dominant life stage
    all marine
    Scyphozoa
  46. No medusa stage, all marine
    mouth leads to pharynx leads to gastrovascular cavity
    Anthozoa
  47. May be monoecious but do not self-fertilize
    asexual reprodroduction is also possible
    feed on invertevrates and small fishes
    Anemones
  48. Comb of jellies
    all marnine
    diploblastic or possi. trioblastic
    true muscle cells
    all monecious
    ctenophora
  49. dorsoventrally flattened, bilateral sym
    unsegmented worms
    incomplete gut usaully
    suomewhat cehpalizes
    Platyhelminthes
  50. Sponge class that occur in all 3 shapes
    Calcerea
  51. Class of sponges with 6 ray spicules all marine and either sycon or leucon
    Hexactinella
  52. all leucon
    bath sponfges and commerial sponged
    4 ray / silica or spongin spicules
    Demospongia
  53. 'one house'
    monoecious
  54. 'two house'
    dioecious
  55. detect physical movement
    Mechanoreceptors
  56. Detect chemicals
    Chemoreceptors
  57. Detects direct light
    Photoreceptors
  58. Detects change in temp.
    Thermoreceptors
  59. diffusions across epodermis, high surface to vl ratio
    Gas exchange
  60. water regulation organ - fucntions through filteration
    Protonepheridia
  61. ingestive organ - brings food into the body
    Pharynx
  62. a network of nerve fibers
    Neerve plexus
  63. carry information to the the brain
    Sensory nerves
  64. carry instructions from the brain to the body
    Motor nerves
  65. connect nerves to nerves
    assocaition nerves
  66. outer layer of epidermis formed from a synctuim - a continous layer of fused cells
    Tegument
  67. outer layer of tegument
    transports nutrients and wastes - protects
    Glycocalyx
  68. adults live in bile ducts
    eggs migrate to digestive tract to be expelled in the feces
    blood flukes
    Tematodes
  69. holdfast attached to intestinal wall
    Scolex
  70. compartments arranged in a series each contains reproductive organs
    Proglottids
  71. Beef tapeworms
    lives in human small intestin
    Taenairychus saginatus
  72. tapeworm larvae, present in human feces
    Onchosphere
  73. pork tapeworm
    Taenia solium
  74. the most complex life cycles with several life stages
    Digenea
  75. blood flukes
    dioecious femal is carried in canal of the male's body
    schistosomes
  76. free-living flatworms
    Turbellaria
  77. body consist of a scolex and many progloittid
    Cestoda
  78. 'self-feeding' producers
    autotrophic
  79. 'other feeding' consumers
    heterotrophic
  80. eats plants
    herbivore
  81. eats fruit
    frugivore
  82. eats grain
    gramnivore
  83. eats foliage
    foliovore
  84. eats other animals
    carnivores
  85. eats insects
    insetivore
  86. eats fish
    piscivore
  87. eats blood
    sanquivore
  88. eats plants and animals
    omnivore
  89. eats detritus
    detritrovore
  90. live on other organisms
    parasite
  91. do not regulate body temp metabolically - 'cold blooded'
    Poikilotherms
  92. body temp ajusted metabolically ' warm blood'
    Homeotherms
  93. daily reduction of body temp and rate of metabolism
    Torpor
  94. long term reduction of body t and rate of metab.
    Hibernation
  95. Long term rest body t does not drop much
    Winter sleep
  96. peroid of inactivity to withstand dry conditions
    Aestvation
  97. survivial curve for humans large mammals and reptiles
    type 1
  98. survival curve for small mammals small birds
    type 2
  99. survival curve many insects mollucs fish
    Type 3
  100. interation between same species
    intraspecific
  101. interation between different species
    interspecific
  102. form of sumbiosis were parasites benefits at expense of host
    parasitism
  103. form of symbiosis where one memeber benefits but the other is not affected
    commenselism
  104. form of symbiosis both species benefit
    mutualism
  105. The current human population is about ____ billion
    6.4
  106. about _____ % of enegry in one trophic level is transferred to the next trophic level
    10
  107. ______ is flows through an ecosystem but ___________ is recycled
    Energy Matter
  108. refers to numbre of organisms a particular enviroment can support
    Carry Capacity
  109. doubles at regular intervals, cannot occur indefinitely
    exponential growth
  110. population growth flattens once K is reached
    Logistic growth
  111. animal takes color patterns
    cryptic
  112. light on top dark on bottom or vis versa,
    countershading
  113. warning colors for dangerous
    aposematic
  114. zygote a haploid or diploid
    diploid
  115. Why does a meal of beans and rice have less of an enviromental impact than a steak dinner
    because of the trophic levels , rice and beans contain less biomass, it takes 100 pounds of grain to make 10 lbs of cow.

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