Government Vocabulary list 1.1

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Government Vocabulary list 1.1
2011-10-10 19:52:54
Government senior year turner

Vocabulary quiz first part
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  1. "All man are created equal"
    Quote written by Thomas Jefferson. meant that "all free, property-owning males are created equal"
  2. Articles of Confederation
    the original binding document of the United States and served as the supreme law of the land from March 1, 1781 until the ratification of the United States Constitution (on June 21, 1788).
  3. Athenian democracy
    developed in the Greek city-state of Athens, comprising the central city-state of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, around 508 BC.
  4. Autocracy
    a form of government in which a single person holds unlimited political power
  5. Bill of rights (1st congress)
    first ten amendments to the United States Constitution, which limit the power of the U.S. federal government.
  6. Charles Montesquieu
    a French social commentator and political thinker who lived during the Enlightenment. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, taken for granted in modern discussions of government and implemented in many constitutions throughout the world.
  7. Citizen
    a member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to it by birth or naturalization and is entitled to full civil rights
  8. Compromise
    an adjustment of opposing principles or systems by modifying some aspect of each
  9. Confederation
    a joining of several groups for a common purpose
  10. Constitution
    the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government
  11. Constitutional Government
    A government that is governed based on a constitution.
  12. Declaration of Independence (1776)
    a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies then at war with Great Britain regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.
  13. Democracy
    a form of government in which the supreme authority rests with the people
  14. Dictatorship
    a form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority
  15. Direct Democracy
    a form of government in which people collectively make decisions for themselves, rather than having their political affairs decided by representatives.
  16. Division of Power
    basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions by which governmental powers are divided on a geographic basis (in the United States, between the National Government and the States)
  17. Due process of law
    A fundamental, constitutional guarantee that all legal proceedings will be fair and that one will be given notice of the proceedings and an opportunity to be heard before the government acts to take away one's life, liberty, or property. Also, a constitutional guarantee that a law shall not be unreasonable, Arbitrary, or capricious.
  18. English bill of rights
    he Bill of Rights was passed by Parliament on 16 December 1689.[3] It was a re-statement in statutory form of the Declaration of Right presented by the Convention Parliament to William and Mary in March 1689 (or 1688 by Old Style dating), inviting them to become joint sovereigns of England.
  19. English common law
    a system of law in place in England and its colonies. Common Law—law common to all England—was based on the principle that the rulings made by the King's courts were made according to the common custom of the realm, as opposed to decisions made in local and manorial courts which judged by provincial laws and customs
  20. English Petition of right
    a major English constitutional document that sets out specific liberties of the subject that the king is prohibited from infringing
  21. Executive Power
    the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
  22. "Father of the constitution"
    James Madison arrived quietly in Philadelphia on May 3, 1787, to attend the Constitutional Convention, convened to discuss the structure of the U.S. government. When the work was done, Madison's name resounded throughout the country, as he was given the title "Father of the Constitution" by his colleagues.
  23. Federal Government
    a form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments
  24. Free elections
    a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.
  25. Free Enterprise System
    an economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods; investments that are determined by private decision rather than by state control, and determined in a free market
  26. Fundamental principles
  27. Fundamental Rights
    generally-regarded set of entitlements in the context of a legal system, wherein such system is itself said to be based upon this same set of basic, fundamental, or inalienableentitlements or "rights."
  28. Government
    the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
  29. Indirect democracy
    In Indirect, or Representative democracy, citizens elect representatives to make laws on their behalf.[1] This is what most modern countries have today.
  30. james Madison
    an American statesman and political theorist. He was the fourth President of the United States (1809–1817) and is hailed as the “Father of the Constitution” for being the primary author of the United States Constitution and the author of the United States Bill of Rights.[1]
  31. Jean Jacques Rousseau
    a major Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism. His political philosophyheavily influenced the French Revolution, as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.