kin 457 exam #1

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jvuuu
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108359
Filename:
kin 457 exam #1
Updated:
2011-10-12 06:21:24
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kinesiology body mind culture
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Study guide definitions
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  1. Culture
    • Shared behaviors and values, possibly distinguishes members from other cultures
    • Ttransmitted across generations, includes both materialist and cognitive components
  2. Fieldwork
    Practical work conducted by a researcher in the natural environment, rather than in a laboratory or office.
  3. Etic status
    Outsider of physical activity domain
  4. Emic status
    Insider of physical acitvity domain
  5. Physical activity (PA)
    Any body movement that works your muscles and uses more energy than you use when you're resting.
  6. Successful aging
    • Longevity
    • Health (lack of disability)
    • High mental & physical function
    • Happiness (life satisfaction)
    • Active engagement with life
  7. Factors contributing to surfers' abilities to age successfully
    • Passion
    • Worry/stress-free
    • Positive attitude
    • Embracing change, acceptance
    • Adaptation
    • Good nutrition, exercise
    • Connectedness to the earth
    • Giving back
    • Social
  8. Subjectivity
    • Based on or influenced by personal feeling, tastes, opinions
    • Experiences and values affect how you view the world
  9. Gender
    • Refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society defines and prescribes appropriate for men and women
    • The state of being male or female
  10. Sex
    • Refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women
    • Either male or female
  11. Ethnography
    • Social science research method; fieldwork
    • Relies heavily on up-close, personal experience and possible participation, not just observation
  12. Enculturation
    • Ongoing process by which an individual becomes a part of a culture by acquiring appropriate and significant values and behavior
    • Acquired thru unconcious repition and from shared information through generations
  13. Ethnocentrism
    The view that a particular ethnic group and their system of beliefs and values is morally superior to all others
  14. Participant-observation
    • Sociological research method in which the researcher takes on a role in the social situation under observation
    • Researcher immerses herself in the social setting to experience events in the same manner
    • Aim is to remain objective and understand the nature, perception, and interpretation of the social reality
  15. Cultural values
    The commonly held standards of what is good, right, fair, and just in a community or society
  16. Objectivity
    Not influenced by personal feelings/opinions in considering facts
  17. Ethnographer bias
    • Their own world view, subjectivity, based on their own perceptions based on culture
    • Info filtered through the researcher's impressions and his/her biases inherent in individual background and personality
    • Preconcieved notions, informant selection
  18. Acculturation
    The process by which an individual or group becomes a member of a culture other than culture of origin
  19. Syncretic culture
    New culture created
  20. Cultural ethos
    Shared behavior within groups
  21. Deconstructionism
    • Challenge of the implicit assumptions of constructions
    • Concentrates on finding "ruptures" or inconsistencies which enable the critic to break down or "deconstruct" the text
  22. Cultural identity
    Individual's sense of self as far as one is influenced by one's belonging to a group or culture
  23. Aging
    • Progressive functional decline
    • Gradual deterioration of physiological function
    • Increase in vulnerability and loss of vitality
  24. Essentialism
    • Refers to the use of biological, physiological and, increasingly, genetic, causes as explanations for human social behavior
    • Opposes psychological, sociological or cultural explanations
    • Ex: to argue that men are more aggressive than women and that this is inevitable due to hormonal differences
  25. Social constructionism
    • Perspective that individuals creatively shape reality through social interaction, by the repetition of our interpretations and knowledge of it
    • Parents setting rules for their kids, who learn them as "givens" they cannot change
  26. Cultural imposition
    Forced implementation of cultural practices and values on other cultural groups
  27. Cultural constructionism (socio-cultural construct)
    • 1. cultures change over time—historical
    • 2. varies by culture—cross-cultural
    • Idea that the characteristics people attribute to such social categories as gender, illness, death, status of women, and status of men is culturally defined
  28. Fitness
    • State or condition of being fit
    • Culturally constructed
    • Good health or physical condition, especially as the result of exercise and proper nutrition

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