Botany Test One Medical Plants

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
10837
Filename:
Botany Test One Medical Plants
Updated:
2010-03-16 17:55:28
Tags:
medical botany test one plants
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Description:
Know common and latin name drugs it makes and what the drugs do
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  1. Curare Vine
    • -Chondrodendron tomentosum
    • -Tubocurarine (med)
    • -surgical anestetic (artificial ventilation necessary)

    extra: blocks neurotransmitters, reversible muscle relaxer, synthetic now used, was arrow poison
  2. Calabar Bean
    • -Physostigma venenosum
    • -Physostigmine (med)
    • -poison antidote

    extra: glaucoma
  3. Toothpick Plant
    • -Amni visnaga
    • -Cromolyn
    • -used by bedoins for bronchial asthma since biblical times
  4. Pacific Yew Tree
    • -Taxus brevifolia
    • -Taxol
    • -cancer drug

    extra: no known native use
  5. Ephedra
    • -Ephedrine
    • -decongestant
    • -used for high blood pressure, asthma, hay fevor

    extra: effects similar to adrenalin, saok dried stems (direct use), now synthesized
  6. Salix
    • -willows
    • -active ingredient-salacin (bad tasting gastric irritation)
    • -asprin
    • *bayer
    • -ibuprofen-totally synthesized
  7. Dioscorea
    • -yam
    • -tropical vine, steroid, soapy sap
    • -produces saponin known as diosgenin
    • -chemically similar to human sex hormones
    • *birth control pill, fertility drugs
    • -cortisone and hydrocortisone
  8. Digitalis
    • -fox glove
    • -European plant, William Withering
    • -cure for dropsy (bad circulation-fluid builds up in tissue)
    • -digitoxin, gitoxin, gitaloxin came from digitalis
  9. Opium Poppy
    • -Papaver sominiferum
    • -morfine-pain killer
    • -codeine-cough med
    • -papaverine-intestinal spasm of intestinal tract; muscle relaxant
  10. Solanaceae
    • -analegesics
    • *relieve pain by soothing muscle spasms
    • -tropane alkaloids: hyoscyamine, atropine, scopolamine
    • -Atrope belladona: (deadly nightshade)
    • -scopolamine and atropine (synthetics used)
    • *dilates pupils, prevents nausea, treatment for poisoning and parkinson's
  11. Snake Root
    • -Rauwolfia serpentina
    • -traditionally used for smake bite and mental illness in india
    • -hypertension
    • -relaxing qualities
    • -resurpine-treatment for schizophrenics and movement disorders like chorea and dyskinesia
  12. Periwinkle
    • -Catharanthus roseus
    • -cancer, leukenia in children
    • -vinblastine/vincrestine
  13. Mayapple
    • -Podophyllum peltatum
    • -used by indians
    • -podophyllin
    • -peltatin
    • -basis for drugs-lymphocytic leukemia, testicular tumors, breast and lung cancer
    • -interferes with cell division
  14. Plantago psyllium
    • -colloidal mucilage used for intestinal problems
    • -absorbs water-stops constipation and diarrhea
    • -fiber
  15. Aloe
    • -Aloe barbadensis
    • -aloin-soothing gels
  16. Cephaelis ipecacuanha
    • -ipecac
    • -induce vomiting
  17. Carica papaya
    • -papaya
    • -chymopapain
    • *dissolve cart between bones to avoid back surgery
  18. Ancistrocladus korupensis
    • -Michellamine A+B
    • -anti-HIV
    • -no native use known
    • -leaves of plant can be used
  19. Calophyllum lanigerum
    • -Calanolide A
    • -HIV-1 not HIV-2
    • -plant hasn't been found again
  20. Calophyllum teysmanii
    • -Costatolide
    • -latex so therefore renewable
    • -less active than Calanolide A
    • -HIV-1
  21. Salt Bush
    • -Conospermum
    • -concurvone-anti-aids qualities
    • -HIV-1

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