Card Set Information
DNA has what nucleotides and monosaccharide?
: adenine, thymine, guanine, cytosine.
RNA has what nucleotides and monosaccharide?
: adenine, uracil, guanine, cytosine.
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
carries a "message" in the form of a "mold" or "pattern" from a section of DNA to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm. One of the two strands of DNA molecule coding for protein structure.
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a u c g c c c g g u a u a a
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
acts as an "escort" to bring in specific amino acids for assembly into a specific protein. each amino acid has specific tRNA as escorts.
takes amino acid to location where they belong
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
along with proteins, they make up ribosomes in the cytoplasm and assists in protein synthesis.
"1st stage" involves the transfer of information from a DNA's base sequence to the complementary base sequence of a mRNA molecule.
makes a RNA polymer, copies template.
takes message in one language and restates it in another language.
language of nucleic acids (base sequence) is translated into the language of proteins (amino acid sequence).
enzyme that unwinds DNA at a section where gene is located.
site where protein synthesis takes place.
linear unit of 3 nucleotides
occurs between the amino acids
3 based sequence complementary to the mRNA codon
an error in a gene, such as a misplaced nucleotide in a codon.
mutation that causes death to an organism
entire choromosome involved in an error
sections of chromosomes which produce the proteins, acting either alone or in groups, control the development of traits.
RNA base pair rule
adenine of DNA pairs with uracil of RNA
cytosine of DNA pairs with guanine of RNA
guanine of DNA pairs with cytosine of RNA
thymine of DNA pairs with adenine of RNA
has nitorgen base, monosaccharide and phosphate
DNA base pairing rule
adenine with thymine
thymine with adenine
guanine with cytosine
cytosine with guanine