HWST 105 (1)

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jchengw
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HWST 105 (1)
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2011-10-12 12:48:50
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  1. Mau Piailug
    Navigator from Stawal
  2. Satawal
    Place in Micronesia
  3. Pwo/Palu
    Pwo = captain and Palu = sailors
  4. West
    Fayu
    Place where Mau Piailug sailed to get fish
  5. Why
    did Mau Piailug share his knowledge of navigation in with the crew of Hōkūleʻa?
    He felt navigation was going to die
  6. Why does Mau travel the ocean? Why did Hōkūleʻa
    sail?
    • Mau traveled for food and people of the island and connect with
    • ancestor.

    • Hokulea sailed to prove that the tradition of navigation was still
    • alive and settling was not on accident
  7. Why does Mau travel the ocean? Why did Hōkūleʻa
    sail?
    Socializing, building canoes (workshop) and schooling
  8. moʻolelo
    oral tradition stories
  9. What
    is the function of the moʻolelo?
    Pass traditional culture
  10. What is one thing that is revealed about the Polynesian voyaging tradition from each
    of the Tahitian mo’olelo, Ta’aroa, Terehe, and Rata
    Taaroa – made stars for navigation

    Terehe – Menehune search for new homeland

    Rata – search for what happened to his uncle
  11. What kinds of information did Sinoto, Green, and Kirch add to the question of Polynesian navigating ability?
    • Sinoto – He found the big paddle, meaning long voyaging was built
    • there (Huahine)

    • Green – Found the pottery art in Fiji which can be found in pottery
    • art in Asia

    Kirch – Found bones of animals in Haalava, meaning people settled at Haalava
  12. Fiji
    Green’s discovery place
  13. Halawa
    Kirch’s discovery place (located in Molokai)
  14. Huahine
    Sinoto’s discovery place
  15. Lapita
    pottery
    • The pottery art that linked the Polynesian people to the Lapitaisan
    • (sp?) people in Asia
  16. Hōkūleʻa
    The name of the voyage that sailed in 1976 from Hawaii to Tahiti
  17. Polynesia
    • “many islands” (central and
    • center pacific)
  18. Melanesia
    “dark island” (this place has dark skin of ethnic group)
  19. Micronesia
    • “tiny islands” (west pacific,
    • north of Melanesia)
  20. Havaiʻi
    Asian/Tahitian island
  21. Raʻiatea
    Modern name for Havai’i
  22. What are some differences between an oral tradition and a written tradition?
    • Written tradition can be written into a book and has exact
    • storytelling and oral tradition is the oldest form storytelling but is not
    • always exact
  23. Taʻaroa
    Tahiti god created the world
  24. Kanaloa
    Hawaiian counter part of Taoroa
  25. Rumia
    The egg that Taaroa emerged from
  26. Why
    did Taʻaroa go back into the egg?
    There was no voice (and dark) outside of the egg
  27. Opoa
    Ancient religious center found in Havai’i
  28. Terehe
    The person who disobey the religious ceremony
  29. Tahiti
    nui
    The giant fish
  30. According to Buck, what did Tereheʻs bathing during the ceremony represent in the moʻolelo of Tahiti and Havaiʻi?
    The sign of going against the government
  31. Rata
    • Son of Mamaearohi and Vaieroa. Killed 2 monsters of the sea except
    • for the short and long waves
  32. Tumunui
    • Daughter of the King in to
    • story of Rata
  33. What
    are some differences between an oral tradition and a written tradition?
    The giant clam
  34. Mamaearohi
    Mother of Rata. Sister of king navigators
  35. Why did Rata leave some of the monsters in the ocean?
    To give other navigators a challenge
  36. Papa
    and Wākea
    Mother and father of the world
  37. Hoʻohōkūkalani
    Daughter to Papa and Wakea
  38. Hāloanakalaukapalili
    Hoʻohōkūkalani and Wakea’s first child. He was born mass-less and died. They buried him and emerged into a kalo plant
  39. Hāloa
    • Hoʻohōkūkalani and
    • Wakea’s second child which became the first human of the world
  40. Mālama
    ʻāina
    Care for the land
  41. 'Aikapu
    Separate eating
  42. Nīʻaupiʻo
    Incest
  43. Aliʻi
    King
  44. Makaʻainana
    Peasants
  45. Makahiki
    Festival after a harvest
  46. Identify aspects of the Hāloa story that are connected to Kameʻeleihiwaʻs three traditional Hawaiian metaphors?
    Aikapu to help Wakea to be with his daughter
  47. What are examples of each of the three metaphors in traditional Hawaiian society?
    Mālama ʻāina – preserve fishes

    • ʻAikapu –
    • separation between king and peasants

    • Nīʻaupiʻo – Hawaiian
    • royalty pass on their blood by marrying their sibling
  48. How does the origin of the ʻAikapu in the moʻolelo reflect on Hawaiian perception of government?
  49. Kapu Kaʻū
    Secret way of living. South bay of Big Island
  50. Palikapu Dedman
    • A person who is fighting for social draft because people who live on
    • Kau live off the land
  51. ʻIliʻili Hānau o Koloa
    Birthing stone
  52. Kapapala Ranch
    Center of the gathering place. They were identified where they came from by the Hala leis they wore
  53. Kaʻū Palehemo
    Water hole
  54. Punaluʻu
    Sacred beach. Beach with black sand and green sea turtle
  55. Kalalea Heiau
    Hawaiian alter and temple in Kau well preserved fishing shrine
  56. Puʻu Aliʻi Dunes
    Where 91 bones were dug up and the land was leased
  57. Department
    of Hawaiian Homelands
    Must have at least 50% blood quantum to receive benefits
  58. How are mālama ‘āina and ʻaikapu reflected in the lives of the people in the video Kapu Kaʻū?
  59. What are the competing visions for land use in Kaʻū,
    and how do they clash?Give specific examples.
    1. Commercial kau suger

    2. Building of resorts and hotels

    3. Substance economy vs. commercial profit
  60. What are three historical events that
    have a major impact on Hawaiian language and how do they impact the language?
  61. 1778-9
    Cook’s arrival
  62. 1820
    • Missionaries’ arrival
    • bringing Pīʻāpā
  63. Pīʻāpā
    Hawaiian language alphabet
  64. Hawaiian language newspapers
    1850
  65. 1893
    The overthrow
  66. 1896
    Band of the Hawaiian language
  67. 1970ʻs
    Hawaiian Renaissance
  68. Hoʻāla hou
    • Hawaiian for Hawaiian
    • Renaissance
  69. Punanaleo/Kaiapuni
    • Hawaii merging school in the
    • late 1990’s
  70. I ka ʻōlelo ke ola i ka ʻōlelo ka make
    “Language is live, language is death”
  71. Ngugi
    • African author who wrote a
    • book about resistance and imperialism
  72. Imperialism
    “Take over”
  73. Resistance
    • Speak the language at your own
    • home
  74. Cultural Bomb
    • Control of society expression
    • of imperialism that destroy a culture
  75. Orature
    Oral tradition
  76. Explain this statement. “This night of the sword and the bullet was followed by the morning of the chalk and the
    chalkboard.”
    England governments suppress the local people and force them to learn the English language
  77. What role does language play in
    imperialism and resistance to it?
  78. What are the two life experiences that influence Ngugis choice of language and how do they influence his choices?
    • 1.
    • He saw that language is dying. A button was given if they are heard
    • speaking the language

    • 2.
    • Not enough use of main language
  79. What is Ngugi's ideal language situation for Kenyan children?
    Gyikuyu

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