AP American: Unit 2 Test

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AP American: Unit 2 Test
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  1. Which statement about the colonies as of 1775 is most accurate?
    a. they ere all prepared to fight a war
    b. they were deeply divided about what they were fighting for
    c. they knew they were up against an inferior military opponent.
    b
  2. What statement regarding common sence is not true?
    a. its author had emigrated from England to America less than two years earlier
    b. it made a strong case against the ratification of the constitution
    b
  3. Which of the following took place during the first phase (1775-76) of the Revolutionairy War?
    a. british troops evacuated boston
    b. american troops captured quebec
    c. the british won a significant victory in North Carolina
    d. american troops took nova scotia
    a
  4. True or False? Under the Articles of Confederation, there was a federal congress, but no other branch
    True
  5. True or False? The largest American minority at the time of the Revolutionairy War was the black population.
    true
  6. True or False? The Federalists won only two elections after 1796.
    False
  7. True or False? The Judiciary Act of 1801 increased the number of Supreme Court justices and eliminated several federal courts.
    False
  8. The most heated debates of Hamilton's economic program involved the
    a. funding of bonds
    b. creation of a national bank
    c. assumption of state debts
    d. new excise tax
    b
  9. Pinckney's Treaty of 1795 gave the United States
    a. the right to navigate the Mississippi River
    b. the freedomto use the post at New Orleans
    c. a desired fixed northern boundary of FL
    d. all of the above
    d
  10. After Lexington and Concord,



    A)
    independence immediately became an American war aim.



    B)
    Congress rejected the "Olive Branch Petition" that was an effort at reconciliation with Britain.



    C)
    the minutemen advanced on Montreal and Quebec.



    D)
    people immediately viewed independence as a war aim, but it took Congress over a year to concur.



    E)
    it took almost a year for independence to become a primary war aim.
    E. Not until January 1776, with the publication of Common Sense, did independence become a publicly held war aim for most Americans.
  11. The choice of George Washington as commander in chief was a good one because of his



    A)
    knowledge of military affairs.



    B)
    Masonic connections with European grand lodges.



    C)
    successful military experience in the Great War for the Empire.



    D)
    relaxed, informal way with his men.



    E)
    image among the people, who trusted and respected him.
    E. Washington's most important qualification may have been his ability to create a stable and strong image for nation to rally around.
  12. After a year of war, the British realized



    A)
    they had a better chance of success in the South where Tory support was stronger.



    B)
    the war had become more than just a local phenomenon around Boston.



    C)
    the American invasion of Canada had taken away a substantial amount of British territory.



    D)
    that they could win the war by taking Boston.



    E)
    they could win with a naval blockade.
    B. The Tory support in the South did not materialize in the manner the British had hoped.
  13. By the end of 1776, the American army under Washington had



    A)
    won no victories, major or minor.



    B)
    become badly divided and scattered.



    C)
    retreated into western Pennsylvania.



    D)
    won two minor victories and remained intact.



    E)
    taken up winter quarters at Valley Forge.
    D. By the end of 1776, Washington had won minor victories at Trenton and Princeton, and most importantly his army remained intact.
  14. Which of the following was NOT part of the British strategy to cut the United States in two in 1777?



    A)
    to move forces up the Hudson from New York City



    B)
    to prepare a two-pronged attack along the Mohawk and the upper Hudson



    C)
    to enlist the aid of the Iroquois in upstate New York



    D)
    to bring an army down from Canada to meet the one coming up from New York



    E)
    to capture Charleston
    E. All of these answers were part of the British strategy of 1777 except for the capture of Charleston.
  15. The British were forced to surrender at Yorktown because



    A)
    Clinton ordered Cornwallis to surrender.



    B)
    Washington was able to defeat the British in the field.



    C)
    Americans were finally better trained than the British.



    D)
    the British commander underestimated the size of Washington's army.



    E)
    French troops and a French fleet helped trap the British.
    E. The British had to surrender at Yorktown because the combined French and American forces trapped them.
  16. Of all the Loyalists groups in America, the one that suffered most as a result of the Revolution was



    A)
    western farmers.



    B)
    slaves.



    C)
    traders and trappers.



    D)
    Anglicans.



    E)
    the Quakers.
    D. Anglicans
  17. If postwar Americans agreed on nothing else, they agreed that



    A)
    there should be no property qualifications to vote.



    B)
    states should have democratic governments.



    C)
    the Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced by a constitution.



    D)
    some men were born to govern and some were born to follow.



    E)
    new governments should be republican
    E
  18. By 1786, even defenders of the Articles of Confederation accepted the fact that which of the following needed to be strengthened?



    A)
    the power to tax



    B)
    the executive



    C)
    the court system



    D)
    the army



    E)
    the navy
    A
  19. Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the men who attended the Constitutional Convention in 1787?



    A)
    They represented the great property interests.



    B)
    They were relatively young.



    C)
    They believed in democracy.



    D)
    They were well-educated.



    E)
    They were all highly respected.
    C
  20. James Madison's Virginia Plan proposed



    A)
    revision and strengthening of the Articles of Confederation.



    B)
    larger influence within a new national government for the richer and more populous states.



    C)
    a unicameral national legislature with equal representation for the states.



    D)
    a bicameral national legislature with state representatives in both houses chosen by popular vote.



    E)
    the direct election of the president.
    B
  21. The Antifederalists did all of the following EXCEPT



    A)
    present themselves as the true protectors of the principles of the Revolution.



    B)
    fear the potential for despotism in a strong centralized government.



    C)
    argue that the Constitution would increase taxes, weaken the states, and abolish individual liberties.



    D)
    argue that the Constitution represented the rights of the "well born" at the expense of the common people.



    E)
    show a basic faith in human nature and man's ability to wield power justly.
    E
  22. The Quasi War with France



    A)
    was started by American impressments of French sailors.



    B)
    led to a series of humiliating defeats for the American navy.



    C)
    led to the XYZ Affair.



    D)
    helped the Federalists to increase their Congressional majorities.



    E)
    helped the Republicans win control of Congress in 1798.
    D
  23. Which of the following is NOT true of the campaign and election of 1800?



    A)
    It was one of the ugliest in American history.



    B)
    Parties and party organization played an important role.



    C)
    It underscored problems in the method of electing a president.



    D)
    It resulted in a clear victory for the winning candidate.



    E)
    It created the first urban political machine.
    D. All of these facts are true about the election of 1800, except that it ended in a clear victory for Jefferson; he and Aaron Burr ended up with a tie in electoral votes.
  24. The Federalists made a last gasp attempt to maintain power by



    A)
    repealing the Alien and Sedition Acts.



    B)
    supporting Aaron Burr for president.



    C)
    creating new federal courts and judges.



    D)
    plotting a revolution to prevent the election of Jefferson.



    E)
    expanding the number of Supreme Court justices.
    C
  25. Was th eUS prepared for the War of 1812?
    no
  26. What was the result of the Jackson Treaty?
    Creeks ceded all their land to the US
  27. What did were three things accomplished by the 1789 Judiciary Act?
    • congress created supreme court with six judges
    • created system of lower courts and a court of appeals
    • gave supreme courts final say in cases involving state laws
  28. What were two things accomplished by the 1801 Judiciary Act?
    • lessened number of supreme court justices
    • increased number of federal courts
  29. what planned how to divy up northwest territory?
    northwest ordinance
  30. Under the Articles of Confederation there was a federal
    A. congress
    B. judiciary
    C. executive
    D all of the above
    A
  31. Daniel Shays was
    A. a wealthy merchant
    B. a Revolutionairy war hero
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A nor B
    D
  32. At the Philadelphia convention James Madison argued that sovereignty ultimately came from
    A. individual states
    B. the people
    C. the new national government
    D. the new Constitution
    B
  33. During the 1790s, those that favored a stronger central government
    A. continued to gain strength
    B. gradually weakened
    C. remained consistantly strong
    D. remained consistantly weak
    B
  34. In 1795 Pinckney's Treaty was negotiated between the United States and
    A. Great Britain
    B. France
    C. Spain
    D. the Netherlands
    C
  35. The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions
    A. were based on the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution
    B. argued states had the right to "nullify" certain federal laws
    C. neither A nor B
    D. both A and B
    D. both A and B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The Judiciary Act of 1801
    A. was passed by the new republican congress
    B. increased the size of the supreme court by adding two justices
    C. was an attempt by Federalists to secure their hold on the courts
    D. led to the Federalists losing control of the Judiciary
    C
  37. John Marshall
    A. was a federalist and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court at the time of Marbury vs Madision
    B. was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by Thomas Jefferson
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A nor B
    A
  38. Aron Burr
    A. was vice president under Thomas Jefferson
    B. shot Alexander Hamilton
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A nor B
    C
  39. The Hartford Convention
    A. was called by Daniel Webstwer
    B. saw its participants vote to secede form the United States
    C. was made irrelevant by the was of 1812 ending
    D. sought to strengthen the political influence of the South and West
    C
  40. What problems resulted from the early-nineteenth-century's ignorance and superstitions of medicine?
    A. There was strong public disapproval of the study of anatomy
    B. Disease and epidemics grew out of the inadequate public sanitation programs
    C. Many physicans rejected the scientific method
    D. all of the above
    A
  41. The Essex Junto
    A. was composed of Federalists
    B. was opposed by Alexander Hamilton
    C. wanted New England to secede from the United States
    D. all of the above
    D

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