Psych meds

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Anonymous
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108487
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Psych meds
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2011-10-12 17:33:15
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psych meds
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Med list for final
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  1. hydroxyzine
    (Atarax, Vistaril)
    • Chem class: antihistamine
    • Use: Antianxiety, sedative/hypnotic
    • How: anticholinergic
    • Side effects: dizziness, drowsiness, seizures, hypotension
  2. alprazolam
    (Xanax)
    • Chem class: benzodiazepine-short acting
    • Use: antianxiety, sedative/hypnotic
    • How: increases GABA, CNS depressant
    • Side effects: dizziness, drowsiness, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, blurred vision
  3. chlordiazepoxide
    (Librium)
    • Chem class: benzodiazepine-long acting
    • Use: antianxiety
    • How: increases GABA, CNS depressant
    • Side effects: dizziness, drowsiness, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, blurred vision
  4. clonazepam
    (Klonopin)
    • Chem class: benzodiazepine
    • Use: anticonvulsant, antianxiety, antimanic
    • How: decrease seizure threshold, decrease mania
    • Side effects: drowsiness, suicidal tendancies, respiratory depression, diplopia, nausea, constipation
  5. clorazepate
    (Tranxene)
    • Chem class: benzodiazepine-long acting
    • Use: antianxiety, sedative/hypnotic, anticonvulsant
    • How: increases GABA, CNS depressant
    • Side effects: dizziness, drowsiness, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, blurred vision
  6. diazepam
    (Valium)
    • Chem class: benzodiazepine-long acting
    • Use: Antianxiety, anticonvulsant
    • How: increases GABA, CNS depressant
    • Side effects: dizziness, drowsiness, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, blurred vision, neutropenia, respiratory depression
  7. lorazepam
    (Ativan)
    • Chem class: benzodiazepine-short acting
    • Use: Antianxiety, sedative/hypnotic
    • How: increases GABA, CNS depressant
    • Side effects: dizziness, drowsiness, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, apnea, blurred vision
  8. oxazepam
    (Serax)
    • Chem class: benzodiazepine-short acting
    • Use: Antianxiety, sedative/hypnotic
    • How: increases GABA, CNS depressant
    • Side effects: dizziness, drowsiness, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, blurred vision
  9. buspirone
    (Buspar)
    • Chem class: azaspirodecanedione
    • Use: Antianxiety, sedative
    • How: inhibits serotonin, dopamine, increases norepinephrine
    • Side effects: dizziness, headache, depression, insomnia, tremors, tachycardia, CVA, nausea, dry mouth, diarrhea, constipation, rash, weakness
  10. amitriptyline
    (Elavil, Endep)
    • Class: tricyclic antidepressant
    • How: blocks reuptake of norepinephrine, serotonin
    • Side effects: sexual dysfunction, EPS, weight gain, dry mouth, constipation, blurred vision, orthostatic hypotension, urinary retention, dizziness, sedation, ECG changes
  11. amoxapine
    (Asendin)
    • Class: tricyclic antidepressant
    • How: blocks reuptake of norepinephrine, serotonin
    • Side effects: dizziness, drowsiness, EPS, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, seizures, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, blurred vision, dry mouth, constipation, hepatitis, acute renal failure, sexual dysfunction
  12. clomipramine
    (Anafranil)
    • Class: tricyclic antidepressant
    • How: potentiates serotonin and norepinephrine uptake, increases dopamine metabolism
    • Side effects: dizziness, tremors, mania, EPS, seizures, neuroleptic malignant syncrome, cardiac arrest, constipation, dry mouth, nausea, delayed ejaculation, anorgasmia, suicide
  13. desipramine
    (Norpramin)
    • Class: tricyclic antidepressant
    • How: blocks reuptake of norepinephrine, serotonin
    • Side effects: dizziness, EPS, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, hepatitis, acute renal failure
  14. doxepin
    (Sinequan)
    • Class: tricyclic antidepressant
    • How: blocks reuptake of norepinephrine, serotonin
    • Side effects: dizziness, sedation, EPS, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, blurred vision, weight gain, constipation, dry mouth, hepatitis, acute renal failure
  15. imipramine
    (Tofranil)
    • Class: tricyclic antidepressant
    • How: blocks reuptake of norepinephrine, serotonin; anticholinergic
    • Side effects: dizziness, sedation, weight gain, EPS, seizures, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, hepatitis, acute renal failure
  16. nortriptyline
    (Aventyl, Pamelor)
    • Class: tricyclic antidepressant
    • How: blocks reuptake of norepinephrine, serotonin; anticholinergic
    • Side effects: dizziness, drowsiness, EPS, seizures, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, hepatitis, retention, acute renal failure
  17. protriptyline
    (Vivactil)
    • Class: tricyclic antidepressant
    • How: blocks reuptake of NE, serotonin; anticholinergic
    • Side effects: sexual dysfunction, dry mouth, constipation, blurred vision, urinary retention, orthostatic hypotension, tachycardia
  18. trimipramine
    (Surmontil)
    • Class: tricyclic antidepressant
    • How: blocks reuptake of NE, serotonin; anticholinergic
    • Side effects: sexual dysfunction, sedation, weight gain, orthostatic hypotension, tachycardia
  19. citalopram
    (Celexa)
    • Chem Class: SSRI
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: inhibits reuptake of serotonin
    • Side effects: agitation, headache, sexual dysfunction, nervousness, insomnia, anxiety, tremor, dizziness, poor concentration, seizures, suicide, palpitations, GI distress, UTI, resp infection
  20. fluoxetine
    (Prozac)
    • Chem Class: SSRI
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: inhibits reuptake of serotonin
    • Side effects: agitation, headache, sexual dysfunction, nervousness, insomnia, anxiety, tremor, dizziness, sedation, poor concentration, seizures, suicide, palpitations, GI distress, UTI, resp infection
  21. fluvoxamine
    (Luvox)
    • Chem Class: SSRI
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: inhibits reuptake of serotonin
    • Side effects: insomnia, agitation, headache, sexual dysfunction, GI distress
  22. escitalopram
    (Lexapro)
    • Chem Class: SSRI
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: inhibits reuptake of serotonin
    • Side effects: agitation, headache, sexual dysfunction, insomnia, nervousness, anxiety, tremor, dizziness, sedation, poor concentration, seizures, palpitations, GI distress, resp infection
  23. paroxetine
    (Paxil)
    • Chem Class: SSRI
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: inhibits reuptake of serotonin
    • Side effects: insomnia, agitation, headache, sexual dysfunction, nervousness, anxiety, tremor, dizziness, sedation, seizures, GI distress
  24. sertraline
    (Zoloft)
    • Chem Class: SSRI
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: inhibits reuptake of serotonin
    • Side effects: agitation, headache, sexual dysfunction, insomnia, dizziness, tremor, fatigue, seizures, GI distress
  25. isocarboxazid
    (Marplan)
    • Chem Class: MAOI
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: Increases NE and serotonin
    • Side effects: sedation, dizziness, sexual dysfunction, insomnia, agitation, orthostatic hypotension, weight gain
  26. phenelzine
    (Nardil)
    • Chem Class: MAOI
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: Increases NE and serotonin
    • Side effects: sedation, dizziness, sexual dysfunction, insomnia, agitation, orthostatic hypotension, weight gain
  27. tranylcypromine
    (Parmate)
    • Chem Class: MAOI
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: Increases NE and serotonin
    • Side effects: sedation, dizziness, sexual dysfunction, insomnia, agitatioin, orthostatic hypotension, weight gain
  28. bupropion
    (Wellbutrin)
    • Chem Class: other
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: inhibits reuptake of dopamine, serotonin, and NE
    • Side effects: insomnia, tremor, seizures, headache, agitation, confusion, suicide, nausea
  29. mirtazapine
    (Remeron)
    • Chem class: tetracyclic
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: blocks reuptake of NE, serotonin
    • Side effects: dizziness, sedation, seizures, EPS, blurred vision, diarrhea, hepatitis, acute renal failure
  30. trazodone
    (Desyrel)
    • Chem class: other
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: inhibits reuptake of serotonin, NE
    • Side effects: nausea, sedation, priapism, dizziness, drowsiness, EPS, hepatitis, acute renal failure
  31. nefazodone
    (Serzone)
    • Chem Class: other
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: inhibits reuptake of serotonin, NE
    • Side effects: nausea, sedation, priapism, dizziness, drowsiness, EPS
  32. venlafaxine
    (Effexor)
    • Chem class: SSNRI
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: inhibits reuptake of serotonin and NE, slightly dopamine
    • Side effects: emotional lability, vertigo, suicide, migraine, abnormal vision, ear pain, sexual dysfunction, dyspnea, malaise, nausea, tremors, insomnia, GI problems,
  33. duloxetine
    (Cymbalta)
    • Chem Class: SSNRI
    • Use: antidepressant
    • How: inhibits reuptake of serotonin and NE, slightly dopamine
    • Side effects: abnormal vision, anapylaxis, constipation, diarrhea, insomnia, anxiety, nausea, tremors, sexual dysfunction
  34. litihim carbonate
    (Lithane, Lithobid, Eskalith)
    • Class: Mood stabilizer
    • Use: antimanic-bipolar
    • How: decrease NE and serotonin
    • Side effects: drowsiness, dizziness, headache, dry mouth, GI upset, fine hand tremors, hypotension, arrhythmias, weight gain
    • Therapeutic level: 0.5-1.5 mEq/L
  35. carbamazepine
    (Tegretol)
    • Class: Mood stabilizer
    • Use: anticonvulsant, antimanic-bipolar
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: Nausea/vomiting, drowsiness, dizziness, blood dyscrasias
  36. valproic acid
    (Depakote, Depakene)
    • Class: Mood stabilizer
    • Use: anticonvulsant, antimanic-bipolar
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: Nausea/vomiting, drowsiness, dizziness, blood dyscrasias, prolongued bleeding time
  37. lamotrigine
    (Lamictal)
    • Class: Mood stabilizer
    • Use: anticonvulsant, antimanic-bipolar
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: Nausea/vomiting, drowsiness, dizziness, blood dyscrasias, severe rash
  38. gabapentin
    (Neurontin)
    • Class: Mood stabilizer
    • Use: anticonvulsant, antimanic-bipolar
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: Nausea/vomiting, drowsiness, dizziness, blood dyscrasias
  39. topiramate
    (Topamax)
    • Class: Mood stabilizer
    • Use: anticonvulsant, antimanic-bipolar
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: Nausea/vomiting, drowsiness, dizziness, blood dyscrasias, decreased efficacy with oral contraceptives
  40. verapamil
    (Calan, Isoptin)
    • Chem class: CCB, mood stabilizer
    • Use: antimanic-bipolar
    • How: unsure
    • Side effects: drowsiness, dizziness, hypotension, bradycardia, nausea, constipation
  41. olanzapine
    (Zyprexa)
    • Func Class: Mood stabilizer-antimanic, antipsychotic
    • Use: bipolar, schizophrenia
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, constipation, weight gain, ECG changes, EPS, hyperglycemia
  42. aripiprazole
    (Abilify)
    • Func Class: Mood stabilizer-antimanic, antipsychotic
    • Use: bipolar, schizophrenia
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, constipation, weight gain, ECG changes, EPS, hyperglycemia
  43. chlorpromazine
    (Thorazine)
    • Func Class: Mood stabilizer-antimanic, antipsychotic
    • Use: bipolar, schizophrenia
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: sedation, dizziness, dry mouth, constipation, weight gain, ECG changes, EPS, hyperglycemia, orthostatic hypotension
  44. quetiapine
    (Seroquel)
    • Func Class: Mood stabilizer-antimanic, antipsychotic
    • Use: bipolar, schizophrenia
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, constipation, weight gain, ECG changes, EPS, hyperglycemia
  45. risperidone
    (Risperdal)
    • Func Class: Mood stabilizer-antimanic, antipsychotic
    • Use: bipolar, schizophrenia
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, constipation, weight gain, ECG changes, EPS, hyperglycemia
  46. ziprasidone
    (Geodon)
    • Func Class: Mood stabilizer-antimanic, antipsychotic
    • Use: bipolar, schizophrenia
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, constipation, weight gain, ECG changes, EPS, hyperglycemia
  47. perphenazine
    (Trilafon)
    • Class: Antipsychotic
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: EPS, sedation, dry mouth, orthostatic hypotension, seizures, blurred vision, constipation, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, dry mouth, nausea, resp depression
  48. fluphenazine
    (Prolixin)
    • Class: Antipsychotic
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: EPS, drowsiness, headache, seizures, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, orthostatic hypotension, ECG changes, dry mouth, resp depression
  49. prochlorperazine
    (Compazine)
    • Class: Antipsychotic
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: EPS, sedation, seizures, euphoria, depression, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, tachycardia, resp depression, agranulocytosis
  50. thioridazine
    (Mellaril)
    • Class: Antipsychotic
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: EPS, sedation, orthostatic hypotension, dry mouth, constipation, blurred vision, headache, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, dizziness, tachycardia, nausea, resp depression
  51. trifluoperazine
    (Stelazine)
    • Class: Antipsychotic
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: EPS, seizures, headache, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, orthostatic hypotension, tachycardia, dry mouth, nausea, resp depression
  52. thiothixene
    (Navane)
    • Class: Antipsychotic
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: EPS, sedation, seizures, headache, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, orthostatic hypotension, tachycardia, dry mouth, nausea, resp depression
  53. pimozide
    (Orap)
    • Class: Antipsychotic
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: EPS, sedation, seizures, headache, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, orthostatic hypotension, tachycardia, dry mouth, nausea, resp depression
  54. haloperidol
    (Haldol)
    • Class: Antipsychotic
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: EPS, sedation, seizures, headache, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, orthostatic hypotension, tachycardia, dry mouth, nausea, resp depression
  55. loxapine
    (Loxitane)
    • Class: Antipsychotic
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: EPS, sedation, seizures, headache, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, orthostatic hypotension, tachycardia, dry mouth, nausea, resp depression
  56. molindone
    (Moban)
    • Class: Antipsychotic
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: EPS, seizures, headache, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, orthostatic hypotension, tachycardia, dry mouth, nausea, resp depression
  57. clozapine
    (Clozaril)
    • Class: Antipsychotic
    • How: unclear
    • Side effects: headache, sedation, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, tachycardia, dry mouth, nausea, resp depression
  58. benzotropine
    (Cogentin)
    • Chem Class: Anticholinergic
    • Use: Antiparkinsonian-treat EPS
    • How: balances acetylcholine and dopamine
    • Side effects: dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, tachycardia, GI distress, sedation, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension
  59. biperiden
    (Akineton)
    • Chem Class: Anticholinergic
    • Use: Antiparkinsonian-treat EPS
    • How: balances acetylcholine and dopamine
    • Side effects: dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, tachycardia, GI distress, sedation, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension
  60. procyclidine
    (Kemadrin)
    • Chem Class: Anticholinergic
    • Use: Antiparkinsonian-treat EPS
    • How: balances acetylcholine and dopamine
    • Side effects: dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, tachycardia, GI distress, sedation, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension
  61. trihexyphenidyl
    (Artane)
    • Chem Class: Anticholinergic
    • Use: Antiparkinsonian-treat EPS
    • How: balances acetylcholine and dopamine
    • Side effects: dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, tachycardia, GI distress, sedation, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension
  62. diphenhydramine
    (Benadryl)
    • Chem class: Antihistamine
    • Use: Antiparkinsonian-treat EPS
    • How: balances acetylcholine and dopamine
    • Side effects: dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, tachycardia, GI distress, sedation, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension
  63. amantadine
    (Symmetrel)
    • Chem Class: Dopaminergic agonist
    • Use: Antiparkinsonian-treat EPS
    • How: balances acetylcholine and dopamine
    • Side effects: dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, tachycardia, GI distress, sedation, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension

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