Anatomy & Physiology Midterm

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Mandie92
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108490
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Anatomy & Physiology Midterm
Updated:
2011-10-12 18:35:12
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Anatomy Terms
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Anatomy Lab Pratical Ex 1-12
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  1. Organs in Left Lower Quadrant
    • 1. Small Intestine
    • 2. Large Intestine
    • 3. Left Ureter
    • 3. Reproductive Organs
  2. Organs in Right Lower Quadrant
    • 1. Cecum
    • 2. Vermiform
    • 3. Appendix
    • 4. Right Ureter
    • 5. Small Intestine
    • 6. Reproductive Organs
  3. Organs in Left Upper Quadrant
    • 1. Left Lobe of Liver
    • 2. Stomach
    • 3. Pancreas
    • 4. Left Kidney
    • 5. Spleen
    • 6. Portions of Large Intestine
  4. Organs in Right Upper Quadrant
    • 1. Right lobe of liver
    • 2. gallbladder
    • 3. right kidney
    • 4. portions of stomach
    • 5. small and large intestine
  5. Retroperitoneal Organs
    • 1. Kidneys
    • 2. Adrenal glands
    • 3. pancreas
    • 4. parts of intestines
    • 5. urinary bladder
  6. Retroperitoneal
    Organs that do not have mesentaries because they are more closely attached to the body wall.
  7. Mesenteries
    • 2 layers of peritoneum fused together, to connect the visceral peritoneum on the body wall, or the visceral peritoneum of other abdominopelvic organs.
    • (anchor the organs to the body wall)
  8. 3 body canvities with serous membrane
    • 1. pericardium
    • 2. pleura
    • 3. peritoneum
  9. Serous Fluid
    lubricating film produced by the membranes.
  10. Parietal serous membrane
    outer membrane
  11. visceral serous membrane
    inner membrane
  12. serous membranes
    cover organs in trunk cavity
  13. directioinal terms
    describe parts of the body relative to eachother
  14. supine
    lying face up
  15. prone
    lying face down
  16. -itis
    inflammation
  17. beneficial positive feedback mechanism
    birth
  18. harmful positve feedback mechanism
    low blood pressure
  19. Urinary System
    • Function:
    • removes waste from blood, regulates blood pH, ion balance, water balance.

    • Consists:
    • kidneys, urinary bladder, ducts that carry urine
  20. Digestive System
    • Function:
    • mechanical and chemical of digestion, absorb nutrient, rid waste.

    • Consists:
    • mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, accessory organs.
  21. Respiratory System
    • Function:
    • Exchanges oxygen and CO2 between blood and air, regulates blood pH.

    • Consists:
    • Lungs, respiratory passages.
  22. Lymphatic System
    • Function:
    • removes foreign substances from blood, lymph, combat diseases, maintains fluid balance, transports fats.

    • Consists:
    • lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, other lyphatic organs.
  23. Cardiovascular system
    • Function:
    • transports nutrients, wastes, gases, hormones, some immune response, regulate body temp.

    Consists: heart, blood vessels, blood.
  24. Endocrine System
    • Function:
    • metabolism, growth, reproduction.

    • Consists:
    • glands such as pituitary that secrete hormones.
  25. Nervous system
    • Function:
    • detects sensations, control movement

    • Consists:
    • brain spinal cord, nerves, sensory receptors.
  26. Muscular system
    • Function:
    • body movements, posture, produce body heat.

    • Consists:
    • muscles attached to skeleton by tendons.
  27. Skeletal system
    • Function:
    • Protection, support, movement, produces blood cells, stores minerals and fats.

    • Consists:
    • bones, associated cartilages, ligament, and joints.
  28. Integumentary system
    • Function:
    • Protection, regulates temp

    • Consists:
    • skin, hair, nails, sweat glands
  29. 2 organ systems resposible for support and movement
    • 1. Skeletal
    • 2. Muscular
  30. 2 Organ systems responsible for regulating other organ systems
    • 1. Nervous (short term)
    • 2. Endocrine (long term)
  31. 4 primary tissue types
    • 1. Muscle
    • 2. Epithelial
    • 3. Nervous
    • 5. Connective
  32. 6 structural levels
    • Chemical
    • cell
    • tissue
    • organ
    • organ system
    • organism
  33. Anatomical Position
    Human body is erect, with the feet only slightly apart, head and toes pointed forward, and arms hanging at the sides with plams facing forward.
  34. axial
    relating to the head, neck, and trunk
  35. appendicular
    relating to the limbs and their attachments
  36. abdominal
    pertaing to the anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs
  37. Acromial
    the point of the shoulder
  38. Antebrachial
    forearm
  39. Gluteal
    buttocks
  40. lumbar
    lower back
  41. posterior
    to the back
  42. medial
    toward the middline
  43. frontal
    forehead
  44. lateral
    away from midline
  45. Mammary
    breast
  46. Manus
    hand
  47. Cephalad
    toward the head
  48. caudal
    toward the tail
  49. dorsal
    backside
  50. ventral
    bellyside
  51. occipital
    the back of head
  52. olecranal
    posterior aspect of elbow
  53. mental
    chin
  54. nasal
    nose
  55. otic
    ear
  56. oral
    mouth
  57. Pedal
    foot
  58. Orbital
    bony eye socket
  59. plantar
    sole of foot
  60. antecubital
    surface of elbow
  61. axillary
    armpit
  62. brachial
    arm
  63. palmer
    palm of hand
  64. Patellar
    anterior knee region
  65. distal
    away from point of attachment
  66. proximal
    close to point of attachment
  67. pelvic
    pelvis region
  68. superficial
    toward body surface
  69. deep
    away from body surface
  70. carpal
    wrist
  71. buccal
    cheek
  72. sacral
    region between the hips
  73. Dorsal cavity subdivided into:
    • 1. Cranial
    • 2. Vertebral
  74. popliteal
    back of knee
  75. calcaneal
    heel of foot
  76. inguinal
    groin
  77. anterior
    to the front
  78. fibular/peroneal
    side of leg
  79. femoral
    thigh
  80. digital
    fingers or toes
  81. crural
    leg
  82. coxal
    hip
  83. frontal plane
    divides into anterior and posterior sections
  84. inferior
    below
  85. coronal plane
    divides the head into anterior and posterior sections
  86. parasagital plane
    divides into unequal right and left parts
  87. midsagital plane
    divides into equal right and left sections
  88. sagital plane
    divides body into right and left sections
  89. dorsum
    back
  90. umbilical
    naval
  91. transverse plane
    divides into superior and inferior sections
  92. thoracic
    pertaining to the chest
  93. 2 Large body cavities
    • 1. Dorsal
    • 2. Ventral
  94. Abdominopelvic Cavity subdivided into
    • 1. abdominal cavity
    • 2. pelvic cavity
  95. ventral body cavity subdivided into
    • 1. thoracic cavity
    • 2. abdominoplevic
  96. tarsal
    ankle
  97. superior
    above
  98. vertebral
    spinal column
  99. sural
    calf/posterior surface of leg
  100. scapular
    scapula or shoulder blade area
  101. cervical
    neck region
  102. sternum
    breastbone
  103. cephalic
    head
  104. pubic
    genital region

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