respiration Medical terms

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
108550
Filename:
respiration Medical terms
Updated:
2011-10-12 21:17:32
Tags:
rspiratory system medical terminology
Folders:

Description:
respiration
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. involves the absorption of oxygen from the air by the lungs and the transportation of carbon dioxide back into the air
    external respiration
  2. involves the absorption of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the cells of the body
    internal respiration
  3. composed of bone and cartilage
    nose
  4. consists of passageways, spaces, walls, and protective membranes; filters, cools or warms, and moistens the air we breathe. It is essential to our sense of smell
    nasal cavity
  5. come in pairs, one on each side, and are labeled according to the bone in which they are located
    paranasal sinuses
  6. major function of the sinuses
    make the skull lighter
  7. a channel with an opening in the sides of the nasal cavity for the passage of air and mucus from the paranasal sinuses
    meatus
  8. external openings of the nose
    nares
  9. a wall dividing the nasal cavity into right and left halves
    nasal septum
  10. space just inside the opening of the nose
    nasal vestibule
  11. holes in the nose
    nostrils
  12. cells that function in the sensation of smell located in the nose
    olfactory cells
  13. root word meaning "sense of smell"
    -osm
  14. airspaces that are near the nasal cavity
    paranasal sinuses
  15. space connecting the nose and mouth with the trachea and esophagus
    pharynx
  16. root word meaning "nose"
    rhino
  17. located in the throat between the end of the larynx and the beginning of the trachea; shaped like a three-sided box and composed of nine cartilages
    larynx
  18. most prominent of the cartilages in the thyroid, special cartilaginous flap that covers the cartilage
    epiglottis
  19. "voice box" contains vocal cords and its chief function is phonation, the production of sound that constitutes the human voice
    larynx
  20. the production of sound that constitutes the human voice
    phonation
  21. "trap door" cartilage or leaf-shaped cartilage that is over the opening of the larynx
  22. epiglottis
  23. opening at the upper part of the larynx
    glottis
  24. boxlike structure in the throat containing the vocal cords which produce the voice
    larynx
  25. action of passing air through the vocal cords, which vibrates and produces the sound of the voice
    phonation
  26. largest cartilage in the larynx (In men, this cartilage increases in size as they reach adolescence-thus accounting for the voice changes experienced by teenage males. This enlarged cartilage is often referred to as the "Adam's apple.")
    thyroid cartilage
  27. tissues in the larynx responsible for the production of voice
    vocal cords
  28. extends from the larynx to the main-stem bronchus; it functions as a passageway for air so that it can reach the lungs
    trachea
  29. first division of the windpipe
    main stem bronchus
  30. extends form the trachea in a branchlike factor. Each decreases in diameter as it enters the lung
    bronchi
  31. When the bronchi branches further into smaller branches it becomes the
    bronchioles
  32. "spongy" conical-shaped organs composed of a network of pulmonary arteries, veins, bronchi, alveoli, and connective tissue
    lungs
  33. the spaces occupied by the lungs in the chest cavity are called
    pleural spaces
  34. the space in the thoracic cavity that contains the heart, great vessels, trachea, and esophogus
    medistinum
  35. lobe has three lobes
    right
  36. lobe has only two lobes
    left
  37. two lightweight organs of respiration
    lungs
  38. major divisions of the lungs (there are 3 on the right and 2 on the left)
    lobes
  39. each lobe divided into lung sections, each attached to a stwm of the bronchus
    bronchopulmonary segments
  40. suffix meaning "to breathe"
    -pnea
  41. root word meaning "lung" or "air" or "breath"
    pneumo-
  42. root word meaning "lungs"
    pulmon
  43. space that stands in the middle of the chest between the two lungs
    mediastinum
  44. hair-like structures in the lungs that move secretions out of the lungs and protect the lung from outside environmental contaminants
    cilia
  45. a viscous (thick), slippery secretion of the nucous membrane
    mucus
  46. root words for lining of the respiratory system
    mucosa, mucosal

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview